See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 196 +5, 16 strokes, cangjie input 田中竹日火 (WLHAF), four-corner 67527, composition)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1487, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46823
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2018, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4623, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+9D28

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

EtymologyEdit

Shuowen commented that is the colloquial name for (“duck”). Probably onomatopoeic in origin.

Also meaning "duck" in Old Chinese is , which is a Tai-Kadai loanword.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ia⁵⁵/
Harbin /ia⁴⁴/
Tianjin /iɑ²¹/
Jinan /ia²¹³/
Qingdao /ia⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ia²⁴/
Xi'an /ia²¹/
Xining /ia⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ia¹³/
Lanzhou /ia¹³/
Ürümqi /ia²¹³/
Wuhan /ia²¹³/
Chengdu /ia³¹/
Guiyang /ia²¹/
Kunming /ia̠³¹/
Nanjing /iɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /iɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /iaʔ²/
Pingyao /ŋʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /iaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /aʔ⁵/
Suzhou /aʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔiɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /a²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ŋaʔ²¹/
Tunxi /ŋɔ⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ia²⁴/
/ŋa²⁴/
Xiangtan /ŋɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ŋaʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ap̚¹/
Taoyuan /ɑp̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ap̚³/
Nanning /ap̚³³/
Hong Kong /ap̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ap̚³²/
/aʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ɑʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /a²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /aʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /a⁵⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (34)
Final: (150)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: ya
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɣap̚/ /ʔɯap̚/ /ʔap̚/ /ʔaɨp̚/ /ʔap̚/ /ap̚/ /ʔap̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5944 1 /*qraːb/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. duck
    北京 / 北京  ―  Běijīng kǎo  ―  Peking duck, Beijing (roast) duck
  2. (slang) male prostitute

SynonymsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(kamo): a pair of ducks.
Kanji in this term
かも
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

Unknown. Possibly alteration of Old Japanese 浮かむ ‎(ukamu, to float), modern 浮かぶ ‎(ukabu). Alternatively, may derive from Middle Chinese ‎(/ngænH/, a type of wild goose), borrowed with the kan'on reading gan, with initial g changing to k due to the avoidance of voiced stops at the start of Japanese words, and final n changing to mu due to apparent lack of final n in Old Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana かも, katakana カモ, romaji kamo)

  1. a duck
  2. (slang) (from the way ducks return to the same place and are thus easy to hunt) a mark or easy target for a swindle, someone who is likely to lose at gambling or other competition
  3. (slang) (from the good flavor of duck meat) short for 鴨の味 ‎(kamo no aji, duck flavor): a very good flavor; by extension, any remarkably good sensation or feeling, particularly describing happy married life
  4. (slang) (from the uniform of black clothing) short for 黒鴨 ‎(kurogamo, black duck): a male servant, such as a butler or chauffeur (compare English penguin)
Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as カモ.

Derived termsEdit
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Probably from the duck sense above, in reference to the 鴨川 ‎(Kamogawa, literally duck river) flowing through Kyoto.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana かも, romaji Kamo)

  1. A surname​.
  2. any of various places, particularly in Kyoto

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ap)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ap, McCune-Reischauer: ap, Yale: ap)
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Middle VietnameseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Vietic *viːt

NounEdit

‎(uịt)

  1. duck, drake

DescendantsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(áp, vịt)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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