See also: ling, líng, lìng, līng, and lǐng

EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English -ling, from Old English -ling, from Proto-Germanic *-lingaz, a nominal suffix, probably composed of Proto-Germanic *-ilaz (agent/instrumental/diminutive suffix) + Proto-Germanic *-ingaz (patronymic suffix). Akin to Dutch -ling, German -ling, Icelandic -lingur, Gothic -𐌻𐌹𐌲𐌲𐍃 (-liggs) (in 𐌲𐌰𐌳𐌹𐌻𐌹𐌲𐌲𐍃 (gadiliggs)). More at -le, -ing.

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

-ling

  1. small, immature, miniature
  2. follower or resident

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Usage notesEdit

Words ending in -ing derived from a root or stem terminating in -l or -le, such as dazzling, have usually only an accidental resemblance, although sometimes there is a connection, as in sidling, which derives from Middle English in this form, and which is also a present participle form of the modern English verb to sidle, which in itself is a back-formation from sidling.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English -ling, from Old English -ling, -linga, -lunga (adverbial suffix). Compare -long.

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

-ling

  1. An adverbial suffix denoting manner, direction or position.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary, Springfield, Massachusetts, G.&C. Merriam Co., 1967

See alsoEdit


AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a rebracketing of nouns with an -ing suffix. See above (English).

SuffixEdit

-ling m

  1. A suffix that describes a person (or other creature) in terms of a place of origin or a quality, as defined by the root to which it is added.

Derived termsEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German -ling, from Proto-Germanic *-ilingaz.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [lɪŋ]
  • (file)

SuffixEdit

-ling m (genitive -linges or -lings, plural -linge, feminine -lingin)

  1. Indicates possession of or connection with a quality or property, such as Schwächling (weakling) from schwach (weak) or Frühling (the season Spring [which comes early]) from früh (early).
  2. A modifier of nouns, meaning a follower or resident of what is denoted by the stem form, such as Häftling from Haft.

Derived termsEdit



IcelandicEdit

SuffixEdit

-ling

  1. indefinite accusative singular of -lingur

Old EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From alteration of suffixal use of Old English lang (long)

SuffixEdit

-ling

  1. adverbial suffix denoting direction, state or position
    hinderlingbackwards

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Germanic *-ilingaz

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

-ling

  1. suffix used in forming personal nouns
    dēorlingfavorite, darling
    rǣplingprisoner, captive, criminal
  2. suffix forming diminutives
    stærlincstarling
  3. dynasty, lineage
    Icling ("dynasty of Icel" or "House of Icel"); Ætheling (House of Ethel)
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit
  • Middle English: -ling