Open main menu

TranslingualEdit

SymbolEdit

cos

  1. (trigonometry) cosine.

EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From the name of the island Cos, whence it was introduced.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cos (plural coses)

  1. A variety of lettuce with long, crisp leaves.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From 'cause, an aphetic form of because.

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

cos

  1. (informal, Britain, Ireland, South Africa, African American Vernacular) because
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Clipping of cousin

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cos (plural cosses)

  1. (informal, African American Vernacular) cousin, cuz

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


AromanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Vulgar Latin *cōsō, from Latin consuō. Compare Romanian coase, cos.

VerbEdit

cos (third-person singular present indicative coasi/coase, past participle cusutã)

  1. I sew.

Related termsEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Occitan cors, from Latin corpus, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱrep-. Doublet of the borrowing corpus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cos m (plural cossos)

  1. body (physical structure of a human or animal)
  2. body, corpse
    Synonym: cadàver

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


ChineseEdit

VerbEdit

cos

  1. (ACG, informal) to cosplay

Derived termsEdit


FriulianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Slovene kòš, from Proto-Slavic *košь.

NounEdit

cos m (plural cos)

  1. basket
    Synonyms: gei, geùt, ceste

GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From contraction of preposition con (with) + masculine plural definite article os (the)

ContractionEdit

cos m pl (masculine co, feminine coa, feminine plural coas)

  1. with the

IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • cois (Cois Fharraige)

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish cos, from Proto-Celtic *koxsā (cf. Welsh coes), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *koḱs-, whence also Latin coxa (hip).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cos f (genitive singular coise, nominative plural cosa)

  1. foot
  2. leg

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cos chos gcos
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱeh₃- (to sharpen). Cognate with Latin catus (clever, cunning), cautēs (pointed rock), cuneus (wedge) and Ancient Greek κῶνος (kônos, cone).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cōs f (genitive cōtis); third declension

  1. whetstone

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cōs cōtēs
Genitive cōtis cōtum
Dative cōtī cōtibus
Accusative cōtem cōtēs
Ablative cōte cōtibus
Vocative cōs cōtēs

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • cos in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cos in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cos in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • cos in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cos in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *kussaz.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cos m

  1. Alternative form of coss

Old FrenchEdit

NounEdit

cos m

  1. inflection of cop:
    1. oblique plural
    2. nominative singular

Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *koxsā (cf. Welsh coes), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *koḱs-. Cognate with Latin coxa (hip).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cos f

  1. foot
  2. leg

InflectionEdit

Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative cosL coisL cosaH, cossa
Vocative cosL coisL cosaH, cossa
Accusative coisN coisL cosaH, cossa
Genitive coiseH cosL cosN
Dative coisL cosaib cosaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

DescendantsEdit

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
cos chos cos
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

ContractionEdit

cos

  1. (colloquial) Contraction of com os.

RomanianEdit