From Middle English coughen, coghen, from Old English *cohhian (compare Old English cohhetan (“to shout”)), from Proto-Germanic *kuh- (“to cough”). Cognate with Dutch kuchen (“to cough”), German keuchen (“to pant”), Albanian hukat (“pant, gasp”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /kɒf/
- (General American) enPR: kôf, IPA(key): /kɔf/
- (cot–caught merger, Canada) enPR: kŏf, IPA(key): /kɑf/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɒf
- Rhymes: -ɔːf
- (intransitive) To push air from the lungs in a quick, noisy explosion.
- 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 3, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
- One saint's day in mid-term a certain newly appointed suffragan-bishop came to the school chapel, and there preached on “The Inner Life.” He at once secured attention by his informal method, and when presently the coughing of Jarvis […] interrupted the sermon, he altogether captivated his audience with a remark about cough lozenges being cheap and easily procurable.
- I breathed in a lungful of smoke by mistake, and started to cough.
- (transitive, sometimes followed by "up") To force something out of the throat or lungs by coughing.
- Sometimes she coughed (up) blood.
- (intransitive) To make a noise like a cough.
- The engine coughed and sputtered.
cough (plural coughs)
- A sudden, usually noisy expulsion of air from the lungs, often involuntary.
- Behind me, I heard a distinct, dry cough.
- A condition that causes one to cough; a tendency to cough.
- Sorry, I can't come to work today – I've got a nasty cough.
- Used to focus attention on a following utterance, often a euphemism or an attribution of blame
- He was – cough – indisposed.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.