Middle English , coughen , from coghen Old English (compare *cohhian Old English cohhetan ( “ to shout ” )), from Proto-Germanic *kuh- ( “ to cough ” ). Cognate with Dutch kuchen ( “ to cough ” ), German keuchen ( “ to pant ” ), Albanian hukat ( “ pant, gasp ” ).
cough ( third-person singular simple present , coughs present participle , coughing simple past and past participle ) coughed
( intransitive ) To push air from the lungs in a quick, noisy explosion.
1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 3, in : The Mirror and the Lamp
One saint's day in mid-term a certain newly appointed suffragan-bishop came to the school chapel, and there preached on “The Inner Life.” He at once secured attention by his informal method, and when presently the coughing of Jarvis […] interrupted the sermon, he altogether captivated his audience with a remark about cough lozenges being cheap and easily procurable.
1960, P. G. Wodehouse, , chapter XI: Jeeves in the Offing
I drew a deep breath, and a moment later wished I hadn't, because I drew it while drinking the remains of my gin and tonic. “Does Kipper know of this?“ I said, when I had finished coughing.
I breathed in a lungful of smoke by mistake, and started to cough.
( transitive , sometimes followed by "up" ) To force something out of the throat or lungs by coughing.
Sometimes she coughed (up) blood.
( intransitive ) To make a noise like a cough.
The engine coughed and sputtered.
Derived terms Edit
push air from the lungs
жөтөлүү ( cötölüü ) Lao:
ໄອ ( 'ai ) Latgalian:
, klepot kāsēt Lithuanian:
ка́шла impf ( kášla ) Malay:
ханиах (mn) ( haniah ) Nahuatl:
toûtre ( Jersey ) Norwegian:
tossir (oc) Persian:
سرفیدن (fa) ( sorfidan ), سرفه کردن (fa) ( sorfe kardan ) Polish:
kaszleć (pl) Portuguese:
tossir (pt) Quechua:
tuși (ro) Romansch:
, tusser , tuoscher , tosser , tussir tuossir Russian:
ка́шлять (ru) impf ( kášljatʹ ), кашляну́ть (ru) pf ( kašljanútʹ ) Sardinian:
, tuscire , tussire tussiri Scots:
coch Scottish Gaelic:
dèan casad Serbo-Croatian:
кашљати impf Roman:
kašljati (sh) impf Slovak:
kašľať , impf kašlať impf Slovene:
kašljati (sl) impf Spanish:
toser (es) Swahili:
hosta (sv) Tajik:
сулфидан (tg) ( sulfidan ) Telugu:
దగ్గు (te) ( daggu ) Thai:
ไอ (th) ( ai ) Turkish:
öksürmek (tr) Turkmen:
ка́шляти impf ( kášljaty ) Urdu:
کھانسنا ( khāṇsnā ) Uzbek:
yoʻtalmoq (uz) Venetian:
, tosir , toser tosar Vietnamese:
ho (vi) Volapük:
kögön (vo) Walloon:
tossî (wa) Yiddish:
הוסטן ( hustn )
make a noise like a cough
cough ( plural ) coughs
sudden, usually noisy expulsion of air from the lungs, often involuntary.
Behind me, I heard a distinct, dry cough. A condition that causes one to cough; a tendency to cough.
Sorry, I can't come to work today – I've got a nasty cough.
Used to focus attention on a following utterance, often a euphemism or an attribution of blame
He was – cough – indisposed.
Derived terms Edit
expulsion of air from the lungs
kollë (sq) f Alviri-Vidari:
کله ( kolle ) Arabic:
سُعَال m ( suʿāl )
كحة f ( kuḥa, kaḥa ) Moroccan Arabic:
كحبة f ( kḥaba ) Armenian:
հազ (hy) ( haz ) Aromanian:
tusi f Asturian:
tos (ast) , f tus (ast) f Azeri:
öskürək (az) Bashkir:
йүткерек ( yütkerek ), йүтәл ( yütäl ) Basque:
ка́шаль m ( kášalʹ ) Bulgarian:
ка́шлица f ( kášlica ) Burmese:
ချောင်း (my) ( hkyaung: ) Catalan:
tos (ca) f Chamicuro:
咳嗽 (zh) ( késou ) Crimean Tatar:
kašel (cs) m Danish:
hoste (da) c Dutch:
hoest (nl) , m kuch (nl) m Esperanto:
yskähdys , (fi) yskintä , (fi) yskä (fi) French:
toux (fr) f Friulian:
tos m Galician:
tose (gl) f Georgian:
ხველა ( xvela ), დახველება ( daxveleba ) German:
Husten (de) m Greek:
βήχας (el) m ( víchas ) Hawaiian:
खांसी f ( khānsī ) Icelandic:
hósti (is) m Ido:
tuso (io) Irish:
casacht f Italian:
tosse (it) , f colpo di tosse m Japanese:
咳 (ja) ( せき, seki ) Kazakh:
жөтел (kk) ( jötel ) Korean:
기침 (ko) ( gichim ) Kurdish:
kuxik (ku) f Sorani:
, کۆکه کۆخه
condition that causes one to cough
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