- KangXi: page 210, character 2
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4349
- Dae Jaweon: page 432, character 26
- Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 690, character 7
- Unihan data for U+5668
|simp. and trad.
|Historical forms of the character 器
|Oracle bone script||Bronze inscriptions||Large seal script||Small seal script|
Possibly an ideogrammic compound (會意): a 犬 (“dog”) guarding four 口 (“vessel”) – containers, or a phonetically borrowed character for the modern meanings with the original meaning being “to bark” (Compare 狺).
- Cantonese (Jyutping): hei3
- Hakka (Sixian, PFS): khí
- Min Nan (POJ): khì
- Wu (Wiktionary): qi (T2)
- Min Nan
- device; tool; utensil; ware
- 器具 ― qìjù ― utensil
- (medicine) organ
- 器官 ― qìguān ― organ
- capacity; tolerance
- 器量 ― qìliàng ― tolerance
- talent; ability
- 大器晚成 ― dàqìwǎnchéng ― [idiom] A great talent takes time to mature.
- (literary) to think highly of
- 器重 ― qìzhòng ― to regard highly
|Kanji in this term|
- IPA(key): [kʲi]
- When used as a suffix, the resulting term has a downstep either right before, or one mora before, the ki.
- If the preceding syllable has only one mora (as in ga or tsu), the downstep occurs just after that mora:
- If the preceding syllable has two morae (as in zen or tei), the downstep occurs between the two morae:
Often used interchangeably with 機 (ki) in compounds to indicate “machine”, with the subtlety that 器 implies a smaller device, perhaps hand-held, while 機 implies a larger machine, such as an airplane. Compare 食器 (shokki, “tableware”) and 飛行機 (hikōki, “airplane”), or homophones 機械 (kikai, “machine”, generally larger) and 器械 (kikai, “machine, tool”, generally smaller).
Can attach to various nouns that can be used as verbs, to indicate a device for carrying out the action. Examples:
- 計量 (keiryō, “measurement, measuring, gauging”) + 器 (-ki) = 計量器 (keiryōki, “a measuring device, a gauge”)
- 尿 (nyō, “urine”) + 器 (-ki) = 尿器 (nyōki, “urinal”)
- 印字 (inji, “print, type”, literally “stamp + character”) + 器 (-ki) = 印字器 (injiki, “a printer”, a smaller device, such as a handheld number and letter puncher)
|Kanji in this term|
/ut͡supa/ → /ut͡suɸa/ → /ut͡suwa/
From Old Japanese. Cognate with 空 (utsuo, ancient utsupo, utsubo), signifying a hollowness. Appears to be a compound of 空, 内 (utsu, “hollow”, combining form, standalone form uchi, “inside”) + は (ha). The derivation of this ha element is unclear.
- container, vessel
- a tool, a utensil
- one's degree of ability: talent, caliber
- female genitalia: a vagina
- ^ 1988, 国語大辞典（新装版） (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
- ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
- This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text