Last modified on 1 May 2015, at 03:35

See also:

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Stroke order
器-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Uncertain.

Possibly a Ideogrammic compound (會意): a 犬 (“dog”) guarding four 口 (“vessel”) - containers, or a phonetically borrowed character for the modern meanings with the original meaning being "to bark" (Compare ).

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 口口戈大口 (RRIKR), four-corner 66663, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 210, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4349
  • Dae Jaweon: page 432, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 690, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5668

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (器), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 去冀切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiɪH/ /kʰiH/ /kʰiH/ /kʰiH/ /kʰiH/ /kʰiH/ /kʰjɪH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ khijH › /*[kʰ]r[ə][t]-s/ vessel; instrument

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10173 1 /*kʰrɯds/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. device; tool; utensil; ware
    器具 (qìjù)
  2. (medicine) organ
    器官 (qìguān)
  3. capacity; tolerance
    器量 (qìliàng)
  4. talent; ability
    大器晚成 (dàqìwǎnchéng)
  5. (literary) to think highly of
    器重 (qìzhòng)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Ryakuji for 器.

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (khijH, vessel; instrument).

PronunciationEdit

  • On'yomi
  • IPA(key): [ki]
  • When used as a suffix, the resulting term has a downstep either right before, or one mora before, the ki.
  • If the preceding syllable has only one mora (as in ga or tsu), the downstep occurs just after that mora:
瓦器 (unglazed earthenware): [gáꜜkì]
空気予熱器 (kūki yonetsuki, air pre-heater): うきよね [kùúkí yónétsúꜜkì]
  • If the preceding syllable has two morae (as in zen or tei), the downstep occurs between the two morae:
安全器 (anzenki, safety cut-out): んき [àńzéꜜǹkì]
円弧測定器 (enko sokuteiki, cyclometer): んそくいき [èńkó sókútéꜜèkì]

AffixEdit

(hiragana , romaji ki)

  1. device, instrument
  2. container, vessel
Usage notesEdit

Often used interchangeably with (ki) in compounds to indicate “machine”, with the subtlety that implies a smaller device, perhaps hand-held, while implies a larger machine, such as an airplane. Compare 食器 (shokki, tableware) and 飛行機 (hikōki, airplane), or homophones 機械 (kikai, machine, generally larger) and 器械 (kikai, machine, tool, generally smaller).

Derived termsEdit

SuffixEdit

(hiragana , romaji -ki)

  1. device, instrument
Usage notesEdit

Can attach to various nouns that can be used as verbs, to indicate a device for carrying out the action. Examples:

  • 計量 (keiryō, measurement, measuring, gauging) + (-ki) = 計量器 (keiryōki, a measuring device, a gauge)
  • 尿 (nyō, urine) + (-ki) = 尿器 (nyōki, urinal)
  • 印字 (inji, print, type, literally stamp + character) + (-ki) = 印字器 (injiki, a printer, a smaller device, such as a handheld number and letter puncher)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
うつわ
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

/ut͡supa//ut͡suɸa//ut͡suwa/

From Old Japanese.[1] Cognate with (utsuo, ancient utsupo, utsubo), signifying a hollowness. Appears to be a compound of , (utsu, hollow, combining form, standalone form uchi, “inside”) + (ha). The derivation of this ha element is unclear.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana うつわ, romaji utsuwa, historical hiragana うつは)

  1. container, vessel
  2. a tool, a utensil
  3. one's degree of ability: talent, caliber
  4. female genitalia: a vagina
Derived termsEdit
SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gi) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ki)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khí)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.