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See also: and 𠾖
U+5668, 器
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5668

[U+5667]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5669]
U+FA38, 器
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA38

[U+FA37]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA39]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative formsEdit

  • In all regions except Japan, the middle component is written , which is the orthodox form found in the Kangxi dictionary.
  • In Japanese shinjitai, the middle component is written instead of (the upper right dot is missing). Due to Han unification, both forms are encoded using the same code point. This character may appear to be different depending on the font used.
  • A CJK compatibility ideograph exists at U+FA38 for the kyūjitai form of which has as the middle component.
  • Another character, 𠾖 (U+20F96) exists for the historical form found in the Ming dynasty 《直音篇》 Chinese dictionary which is similar to Japanese shinjitai.

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +13 in Chinese and Korean, 口+12 in Japanese, 16 strokes in Chinese and Korean, 15 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 口口戈大口 (RRIKR), four-corner 66663, composition(GHTKV) or ⿳吅(J))

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 210, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4349
  • Dae Jaweon: page 432, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 690, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5668

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Uncertain.

Possibly an ideogrammic compound (會意): a (“dog”) guarding four (“vessel”) – containers, or a phonetically borrowed character for the modern meanings with the original meaning being “to bark” (Compare ).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰi⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰi³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕʰji²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰi³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰi²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰi³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰi³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰi⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰz̩⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /hi⁵³/
Taoyuan /hi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hei³³/
Nanning /hi³³/
Hong Kong /hei³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰi²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰɛi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰi³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰi²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xi³⁵/
/xui³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰˠiɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰᵚiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰjiH/
Li
Rong
/kʰjiH/
Wang
Li
/kʰiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[kʰ]r[ə][t]-s/
English vessel; instrument

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10173
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰrɯds/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. device; tool; utensil; ware
      ―    ―  utensil
  2. (medicine) organ
      ―  guān  ―  organ
  3. capacity; tolerance
      ―  liàng  ―  tolerance
  4. talent; ability
    晚成  ―  wǎnchéng  ―  [idiom] A great talent takes time to mature.
  5. (literary) to think highly of
      ―  zhòng  ―  to regard highly

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • → Korean: 그릇 (geureut, “receptacle; bowl; capacity; tolerance”) (Pan, 2006)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

 
 
Ryakuji for 器.

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (khijH, vessel; instrument).

PronunciationEdit

  • If the preceding syllable has only one mora (as in ga or tsu), the downstep occurs just after that mora:
瓦器 (unglazed earthenware): [gáꜜkì]
空気予熱器 (kūki yonetsuki, air pre-heater): うきよね [kùúkí yónétsúꜜkì]
  • If the preceding syllable has two morae (as in zen or tei), the downstep occurs between the two morae:
安全器 (anzenki, safety cut-out): んき [àńzéꜜǹkì]
円弧測定器 (enko sokuteiki, cyclometer): んこそくいき [èńkó sókútéꜜèkì]

AffixEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji ki)

  1. device; instrument
  2. container; vessel
Usage notesEdit

Often used interchangeably with (ki) in compounds to indicate “machine”, with the subtlety that implies a smaller device, perhaps hand-held, while implies a larger machine, such as an airplane. Compare 食器 (shokki, tableware) and 飛行機 (hikōki, airplane), or homophones 機械 (kikai, machine, generally larger) and 器械 (kikai, machine, tool, generally smaller).

Derived termsEdit

SuffixEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji -ki)

  1. device; instrument
Usage notesEdit

Can attach to various nouns that can be used as verbs, to indicate a device for carrying out the action. Examples:

  • 計量 (keiryō, measurement, measuring, gauging) + (-ki) = 計量器 (keiryōki, a measuring device, a gauge)
  • 尿 (nyō, urine) + (-ki) = 尿器 (nyōki, urinal)
  • 印字 (inji, print, type, literally stamp + character) + (-ki) = 印字器 (injiki, a printer, a smaller device, such as a handheld number and letter puncher)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
うつわ
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

/ut͡supa//ut͡suɸa//ut͡suwa/

From Old Japanese.[1] Cognate with (utsuo, ancient utsupo, utsubo), signifying a hollowness. Appears to be a compound of , (utsu, hollow, combining form, standalone form uchi, “inside”) + (ha). The derivation of this ha element is unclear.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana うつわ, rōmaji utsuwa, historical hiragana うつは)

  1. container, vessel
  2. a tool, a utensil
  3. one's degree of ability: talent, calibre
  4. female genitalia: a vagina
Derived termsEdit
SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gi) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer ki)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khí)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit