อุปกรณ์

ThaiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Pali upakaraṇa (accessory), from upa (secondary; subordinate) + karaṇa (making; creation; production; etc); or from Sanskrit उपकरण (upakaraṇa, idem), from उप (upa, idem) + करण (karaṇa, idem); equivalent to Thai อุป (ùp) +‎ กรณ์. Cognate with Old Khmer upakaraṇa (assistance, support; instrument, equipment; etc); Modern Khmer ឧបករណ៍ (ʼupaʼkɑɑ).

PronunciationEdit

Orthographicอุปกรณ์
ɒ u p k r ɳ ʻ
Phonemic
อุ-ปะ-กอน
ɒ u – p a – k ɒ n
อุบ-ปะ-กอน
ɒ u ɓ – p a – k ɒ n
RomanizationPaiboonù-bpà-gɔɔnùp-bpà-gɔɔn
Royal Instituteu-pa-konup-pa-kon
(standard) IPA(key)/ʔu˨˩.pa˨˩.kɔːn˧/(R)/ʔup̚˨˩.pa˨˩.kɔːn˧/(R)

NounEdit

อุปกรณ์ (ù-bpà-gɔɔn)

  1. accessory: supplementary part or object (as of a car, appliance, etc).
  2. equipment; implement; instrument; tool; utensil.
  3. (property law) accessory: thing joined to another thing as an ornament or to render it more perfect, such as the halter of a horse, the frame of a picture, the keys of a house, etc.
  4. (contract law) accessory: expense customarily supplementary to the freight.
  5. (obligation law) accessory: supplementary obligation, performance, or payment.

AdjectiveEdit

อุปกรณ์ (ù-bpà-gɔɔn)

  1. (law) accessory: supplementary, subsidiary, secondary, supplementary, or subordinate.