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U+54C8, 哈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54C8

[U+54C7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54C9]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口人一口 (ROMR), four-corner 68061, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 189, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3594
  • Dae Jaweon: page 408, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 619, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+54C8

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰuːm
*quːm, *qromʔ, *qɯːm, *qramʔ, *qɯːb
*ɡuːmʔ, *kuːb
*tkuːb
*tkuːb
*tkuːb
*tuːb, *tʰoːb
*tuːb, *toːb
*tuːb
*tuːb, *tʰoːb
*tkuːb, *ɡuːb
*tkʰuːb, *kuːb, *quːb, *quːb
*kuːb
鴿 *kuːb
*kuːb, *ɡuːb
*kuːb, *ɡuːb
*kuːb, *kʰuːb
*kuːb
*kuːb
*kuːb, *kruːb
*kuːb, *kruːb
*kuːb
*ŋɡuːb
*quːb, *quːb
*qʰuːb, *qʰruːb
*ɡuːb
*ɡuːb
*ɡuːb
*tʰuːb
*tʰoːb
*rtuːb
*kruːb, *kob, *ɡob
*kruːb, *ŋkob
*kruːb
*kʰruːb
*kʰruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*qʰjob, *qʰrub
*tkʰub
*ɡjub
*krub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋɡuːb): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *kuːb, *ɡuːb).

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note: kaa1, haai1, haa5 - rare.
Note:
  • hah, ha - vernacular;
  • hap - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (160)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋʌp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋəp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɒp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋəp̚/
Li
Rong
/ŋᴀp̚/
Wang
Li
/ŋɒp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
è
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4966
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋɡuːb/
Notes ha

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (onomatopoeia) sound of laughter
  2. to breathe out
  3. to bend; to stoop
  4. Short for 哈薩克斯坦哈萨克斯坦 (Hāsàkèsītǎn, “Kazakhstan”).
  5. Short for 哈爾濱哈尔滨 (Hā'ěrbīn, “Harbin”).
  6. (of fish) many
  7. (of fish) mouth opening
  8. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (dialectal) to scold; reprimand
  2. Pekingese; pug
    • 巴狗  ―  bagǒu  ―  Chinese pug
  3. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Sichuan, Wuhan, Shuangfeng) silly; stupid
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of (“stupid”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou 木足
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Dongguan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan 二不楞
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Penang
Chaozhou 白仁
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Etymology 4Edit

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Sichuan) to tickle

Etymology 5Edit

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 哈士蟆 (hàshimá).

Etymology 6Edit

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 哈巴 (hàba, “knee bending when walking”).

Etymology 7Edit

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (xiā).
  2. Alternative form of ().

Etymology 8Edit

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Used in placenames.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 9Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 10Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 𪘁.
(This character, , is a variant form of 𪘁.)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • ” in: 諸橋轍次 (Morohashi Tetsuji), chief ed. 大漢和辞典 (Dai Kan-Wa Jiten, “Comprehensive Chinese–Japanese Dictionary”). 13 vols. 1955–1960. Revised and enlarged ed. 1984–1986. Tokyo: Taishukan.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hap) (hangeul , revised hap, McCune-Reischauer hap)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cáp, hóp, hộp, ngáp, họp, hớp, ngớp)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.