U+54C8, 哈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54C8

[U+54C7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54C9]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口人一口 (ROMR), four-corner 68061, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 189, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3594
  • Dae Jaweon: page 408, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 619, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+54C8

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋɡuːb): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *kuːb, *ɡuːb).

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (160)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋʌp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋəp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɒp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋəp̚/
Li
Rong
/ŋᴀp̚/
Wang
Li
/ŋɒp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
è
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4966
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋɡuːb/
Notes ha

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (of fish) many; plenteous
  2. (of a fish's mouth) opening; moving
  3. mouthful; sip

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Note: haai1 - only used in 齊齊哈爾齐齐哈尔, probably due to assimilation.
Note:
  • hah, ha - vernacular;
  • hap - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • DefinitionsEdit

    1. (onomatopoeia) sound of laughter: ha
    2. exclamation of triumph, etc.: ha!
    3. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) Sentence-final particle softening the request.
    4. to breathe out
    5. (Taiwanese Hokkien) to drink (hot tea)
    6. Short for 哈薩克斯坦哈萨克斯坦 (Hāsàkèsītǎn, “Kazakhstan”).
    7. Short for 哈爾濱哈尔滨 (Hā'ěrbīn, “Harbin”).

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    simp. and trad.
    alternative forms 𨉣

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (chiefly Mandarin, Jin, colloquial) to bend; to stoop

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 4Edit

    simp. and trad.

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “related to 喝?”)

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Beijing) to scold; to reprimand

    Etymology 5Edit

    simp. and trad.

    PronunciationEdit


    Note: haa5 - rare.

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 哈巴 (hǎba, “Pekingese; pug”).

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 6Edit

    simp. and trad.
     
    Wikipedia has an article on:

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. A surname​.

    Etymology 7Edit

    simp. and trad.

    PronunciationEdit


    Note: used in 哈達.

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Used in compounds.

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 8Edit

    simp. and trad.

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 哈喇 (hāla, “a kind of top-quality woollen goods produced in Russia”).

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 9Edit

    simp. and trad.

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “from 憨?”)

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Southwestern Mandarin, Xiang) silly; stupid
    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 10Edit

    simp. and trad.

    PronunciationEdit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Southwestern Mandarin) to tickle

    Etymology 11Edit

    simp. and trad.

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 哈士蟆 (hàshimá).

    Etymology 12Edit

    simp. and trad.

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 哈巴 (hàba, “knee bending when walking”).

    Etymology 13Edit

    simp. and trad.

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Alternative form of (, “to drink”).
    2. Alternative form of (xiā).

    Etymology 14Edit

    simp. and trad.

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Used in placenames.

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 15Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“smear one's mouth with blood of a victim when taking an oath”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    Etymology 16Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see 𪘁.
    (This character, , is a variant form of 𪘁.)

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • ” in: 諸橋轍次 (Morohashi Tetsuji), chief ed. 大漢和辞典 (Dai Kan-Wa Jiten, “Comprehensive Chinese–Japanese Dictionary”). 13 vols. 1955–1960. Revised and enlarged ed. 1984–1986. Tokyo: Taishukan.

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (hap) (hangeul , revised hap, McCune–Reischauer hap)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (cáp, hóp, hộp, ngáp, họp, hớp, ngớp)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ZhuangEdit

    VerbEdit

    1. Alternative form of 𬮤 (Sawndip form of haep)

    ReferencesEdit

    • 古壮字字典 [Dictionary of Old Zhuang Characters], Guangxi: Ethnic Publishing House (广西民族出版社), 2012, →ISBN, page 238