Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

From / ("altar") + phonetic , with the implied meaning of "good luck."

Han characterEdit

(radical 113 +6, 11 strokes, cangjie input 戈火廿手 (IFTQ), four-corner 38251, composition)

  1. good luck, good omen, auspicious, propitious
  2. happiness

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 842, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24689
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1262, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2398, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7965

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɑŋ³⁵/
Harbin /ɕiaŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /ɕiɑŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ɕiaŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /siaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /siaŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /ɕiaŋ²⁴/
Xining /ɕiɔ̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiɑŋ⁵³/
/ɕiɑŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɕiɑ̃⁵³/
Ürümqi /ɕiɑŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰiaŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕiaŋ³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰiaŋ²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiã̠³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰiaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiɑ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕiɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕiɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦiã¹³/
Suzhou /ziã¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑiɑŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /ji²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰia⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰiau⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sian¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zian¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɔŋ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sioŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /sioŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰœŋ²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰœŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰœŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siɔŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /suoŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡siɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /siaŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /siaŋ³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (17)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/zɨɐŋ/ /zi̯aŋ/ /ziaŋ/ /ziɐŋ/ /zɨaŋ/ /zĭaŋ/ /ziɑŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiáng ‹ zjang › /*s.ɢaŋ/ auspicious

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14528 0 /*ljaŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(sang) (hangeul , revised sang, McCune-Reischauer sang, Yale sang)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tường)

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