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U+53D6, 取
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53D6

[U+53D5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53D7]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 29, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 尸十水 (SJE), four-corner 17140, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 166, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3158
  • Dae Jaweon: page 377, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 395, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+53D6

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsloː, *ʔsru, *ʔslo
*ʔsloː, *sʰloːʔ, *sloːʔ, *ʔsru
*ʔsloː, *ʔsruʔ, *ʔslo
*ʔsloː, *ʔsru, *slos
*sʰloːʔ, *sʰlos
*sʰloːʔ, *sʰloʔ
*zloː, *zloːʔ, *sʰlo
*rlu, *rluʔ, *ʔsru
*ʔsru, *zloʔ, *ljoːnʔ
*ʔsru
*ʔsru, *sʰroːɡ
*ʔsru, *sʰros, *zloːn
*ʔsru
*ʔsru
*zrus
*zloːds
*sʰoːds, *sʰoːd
*zoːds
*sʰroːds
*ʔslo
*ʔslo
*sʰloʔ, *sʰlos, *slo
*zloʔ, *zlos
*zlos
*zloːŋ
*zloːŋ
*ʔsoːd
*ʔsoːd, *sʰoːd

Pictogram (象形):  (ear) +  (hand) - often explained as "to take an enemy's ear and carry it in one's hand", following the Shuowen (《又部》取:捕取也。从又从耳。《周禮》:「獲者取左耳。」《司馬法》曰:「載獻聝。」聝者,耳也。). Note, however, the secondary meaning of 耳 = "handle".

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (14) (14)
Final () (24) (137)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰɨoX/ /t͡sʰəuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰioX/ /t͡sʰəuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰioX/ /t͡sʰəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰuə̆X/ /t͡sʰəwX/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰioX/ /t͡sʰuX/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭuX/ /t͡sʰəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯uX/ /t͡sʰə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cǒu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshuwX › ‹ tshjuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*tsʰˁoʔ/ /*tsʰoʔ/
English take take

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 10626 10656
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰloːʔ/ /*sʰloʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to take; to fetch
  2. to get; to obtain
  3. to receive
  4. to select; to choose
  5. A surname​.

SynonymsEdit

  • (Cantonese) (lo2)

Pronunciation 2Edit



BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshjuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ʰoʔ-s/
English take (a wife)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Original form of (, “to marry”).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. take, fetch, take up

ReadingsEdit

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chwi) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thủ, thú)

  1. take, seize