See also: 东风

Chinese edit

east
 
wind; news; style
wind; news; style; custom; manner
trad. (東風)
simp. (东风)

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Initial () (5) (1)
Final () (1) (2)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Baxter tuwng pjuwng
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tuŋ/ /pɨuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/tuŋ/ /piuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/tuŋ/ /piuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/təwŋ/ /puwŋ/
Li
Rong
/tuŋ/ /piuŋ/
Wang
Li
/tuŋ/ /pĭuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tuŋ/ /pi̯uŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dōng fēng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
dung1 fung1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dōng fēng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tuwng › ‹ pjuwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˁoŋ/ (< *tˁoŋʔ ?) /*prəm/
English east wind (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
No. 2435 2921
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*toːŋ/ /*plum/
Notes

Noun edit

東風

  1. easterly (a persistent wind from the east)
  2. (literary, poetic) spring wind
  3. (figurative) favourable situation; momentum or driving force (e.g. of revolution)

Usage notes edit

This word is commonly used in naming things in Mainland China because of a quotation from Mao Zedong.

Synonyms edit

Antonyms edit

  • (antonym(s) of easterly wind): 西風西风 (xīfēng), (literary, figurative) 終風终风 (zhōngfēng)
  • (antonym(s) of spring wind): 西風西风 (xīfēng)
  • (antonym(s) of favourable situation): 西風西风 (xīfēng)

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Sino-Xenic (東風):
  • Japanese: 東風(とうふう) (tōfū)

Proper noun edit

東風

  1. (社區) Dongfeng (a residential community in Lucheng, Yidu, Yichang, Hubei, China)
  2. () Dongfeng (a village in Zhonglu, Lichuan, Enshi prefecture, Hubei, China)

Descendants edit

Sino-Xenic (東風):

Japanese edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
こち
Grade: 2 Grade: 2
jukujikun
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

*⟨ko1ti⟩ → */kʷoti/*⟨ko2ti⟩ → */kəti//kot͡ɕi/

From Old Japanese.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

The final chi is cognate with the -te in 疾風 (hayate, gale).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

東風(こち) (kochi

  1. an easterly, wind blowing from the east
Derived terms edit

Proper noun edit

東風(こち) (Kochi

  1. a surname

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 かぜ
Grade: 2
irregular kun’yomi

Compound of 東風 (kochi, see above) +‎ (kaze, wind).

Noun edit

東風(こちかぜ) (kochikaze

  1. an easterly, wind blowing from the east

Etymology 3 edit

Kanji in this term
ひがし
Grade: 2
かぜ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Compound of (higashi, east) +‎ (kaze, wind).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(ひがし)(かぜ) (higashikaze

  1. an easterly, wind blowing from the east
    Antonym: 西風 (nishikaze)

Proper noun edit

(ひがし)(かぜ) (Higashikaze

  1. a surname

Etymology 4 edit

Kanji in this term
ひがし
Grade: 2
ふう
Grade: 2
jūbakoyomi

From (higashi, east) +‎ (, style).

Noun edit

(ひがし)(ふう) (higashifū

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    Antonym: 西風 (nishifū)

Etymology 5 edit

Kanji in this term
あずま
Grade: 2
かぜ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Compound of (azuma, east, archaic) +‎ (kaze, wind).

Proper noun edit

(あずま)(かぜ) (Azumakazeあづまかぜ (adumakaze)?

  1. a surname

Etymology 6 edit

Kanji in this term
とう
Grade: 2
ふう
Grade: 2
kan’on goon

From Middle Chinese 東風 (MC tuwng pjuwng).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(とう)(ふう) (tōfū

  1. an easterly, wind blowing from the east
    Antonym: 西風 (seifū)
  2. spring winds
    Synonym: 春風 (harukaze)
Derived terms edit
Idioms edit

Proper noun edit

(とう)(ふう) (Tōfū

  1. a placename, especially Dongfeng in China

See also edit

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Old Japanese edit

Etymology 1 edit

This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Extension of verb 零ゆ (ayu, scatter and fall)?”

Noun edit

東風 (ayu) (kana あゆ)

  1. an easterly (wind blowing from the east)
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit

Etymology 2 edit

This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Cognate with pronoun こち (ko2ti, this way)?”

The final ti is likely cognate with classical Japanese 疾風 (hayachi), modern 疾風 (hayate, gale).

Noun edit

東風 (*KOTI) (kana こち)

  1. an easterly (wind blowing from the east)
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit