See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 86 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 火一田土 (FMWG), four-corner 91814, composition)

  1. smoke, soot
  2. opium
  3. tobacco, cigarettes (corresponding regular character: )

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 677, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19203
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1088, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2215, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+7159

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (34)
Final:
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔen/ /ʔien/ /ʔen/ /ʔen/ /ʔɛn/ /ien/ /ʔɛn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yān ‹ ʔen › /*[q]ˤi[n]/ smoke

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15192 1 /*qiːn/

NounEdit

(classifiers (gēn), ())

  1. smoke; mist; vapour
  2. tobacco
  3. cigarette
  4. tobacco pipe
  5. opium
  6. soot
  7. (Cantonese, slang, informal, card games) ace

SynonymsEdit

VerbEdit

  1. to be irritated by smoke
    煙燻烟熏

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Alternative formsEdit

SynonymsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana けむり, romaji kemuri)

  1. smoke

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(yeon, in) (hangeul , , revised yeon, in, McCune-Reischauer yŏn, in, Yale yen, in)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(yên, bửu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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