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See also:
U+7159, 煙
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7159

[U+7158]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+715A]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional

Simplified

Japanese

Korean

Han characterEdit

(radical 86, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 火一田土 (FMWG), four-corner 91814, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 677, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19203
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1088, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2215, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+7159

ChineseEdit

trad. /*
simp.
– when related to tobacco

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qriːn
*ken, *kin
*ken, *kjin
*ken, *kjin
*qiːn
*qiːn, *qin
*qin
*qin
*qin
*qin
*qin
*qin
*qin
*kʷens

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qiːn): semantic  (fire) + phonetic  (OC *qin).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ian⁵⁵/
Harbin /ian⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ian²¹/
Jinan /iã²¹³/
Qingdao /iã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ian²⁴/
Xi'an /iã²¹/
Xining /iã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ian⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /iɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /ian⁴⁴/
Wuhan /iɛn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ian⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ian⁵⁵/
Kunming /iɛ̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ien³¹/
Hefei /iĩ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ie¹¹/
Pingyao /ie̞¹³/
Hohhot /ie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /i⁵³/
Suzhou /iɪ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔiẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /j̠i³³/
Hui Shexian /ie³¹/
Tunxi /iɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /iẽ³³/
Xiangtan /iẽ³³/
Gan Nanchang /iɛn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /ian⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /ʒen²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jin⁵³/
Nanning /jin⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jin⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ian⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ieŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /in²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔen/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔen/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɛn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔɛn/
Li
Rong
/ʔen/
Wang
Li
/ien/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔien/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yān
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yān
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔen ›
Old
Chinese
/*[q]ˤi[n]/
English smoke

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15192
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qiːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. smoke; mist; vapour (Classifier: m c;  m;  m c;  m c)
  2. tobacco
  3. cigarette (Classifier: m c;  m)
  4. tobacco pipe
  5. opium
  6. soot
  7. (Cantonese, slang, informal, card games) ace
  8. to be irritated by smoke
    • /   ―  yānxūn  ―  (please add an English translation of this example)

SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
けむり
Grade: S
kun’yomi

/keburi//kemuri/

Shift from Old Japanese-derived keburi reading (see below) as a regular /b//m/ change.[1][2][3] Appears in the Taiheiki of the late 1300s.

Now the most common reading.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (less common)

NounEdit

(hiragana けむり, rōmaji kemuri)

  1. smoke

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
けむ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Truncation of earlier kemuri (see above).[1][2] Appears in kabuki plays of the late Edo Period (late 1700s, early 1800s).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (less common)

NounEdit

(hiragana けむ, rōmaji kemu)

  1. (informal, colloquial) smoke

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
けぶり
Grade: S
kun’yomi

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 煙る (keburu, to be smoky, to give off smoke).[1][2][3] Appears with this reading in the Man'yōshū.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (less common)

NounEdit

(hiragana けぶり, rōmaji keburi)

  1. (archaic, possibly dialect) smoke


Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
けぶ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Truncation of earlier keburi (see above).[1][2][3]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (less common)

NounEdit

(hiragana けぶ, rōmaji kebu)

  1. (archaic, possibly dialect) smoke

Etymology 5Edit

Kanji in this term
えん
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ʔen).

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

(hiragana えん, rōmaji en)

  1. smoke
  2. fog, mist
  3. soot
  4. tobacco, tobacco products such as cigarettes or cigars
Usage notesEdit

Only found in compounds.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  5. 5.0 5.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(yeon, in) (hangeul , )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(yên)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.