See also:
U+7159, 煙
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7159

[U+7158]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+715A]

Translingual edit

Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 86, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 火一田土 (FMWG), four-corner 91814, composition )

Derived characters edit

Related characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 677, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19203
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1088, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2215, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+7159

Chinese edit

trad. /*
simp. *
alternative forms
– Taiwan, when related to tobacco
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)
  • (Wu)
 
工廠裡產生的工厂里产生的

Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *qiːn): semantic (fire) + phonetic (OC *qin).

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ian⁵⁵/
Harbin /ian⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ian²¹/
Jinan /iã²¹³/
Qingdao /iã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ian²⁴/
Xi'an /iã²¹/
Xining /iã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ian⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /iɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /ian⁴⁴/
Wuhan /iɛn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ian⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ian⁵⁵/
Kunming /iɛ̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ien³¹/
Hefei /iĩ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ie¹¹/
Pingyao /ie̞¹³/
Hohhot /ie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /i⁵³/
Suzhou /iɪ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔiẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /j̠i³³/
Hui Shexian /ie³¹/
Tunxi /iɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /iẽ³³/
Xiangtan /iẽ³³/
Gan Nanchang /iɛn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /ian⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /ʒen²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jin⁵³/
Nanning /jin⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jin⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ian⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ieŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /in²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Baxter 'en
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔen/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔen/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɛn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔɛn/
Li
Rong
/ʔen/
Wang
Li
/ien/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔien/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yān
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jin1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yān
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔen ›
Old
Chinese
/*[q]ˁi[n]/
English smoke

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15192
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qiːn/

Definitions edit

  1. smoke; mist; vapour (Classifier: m c;  m;  m c;  m c)
    噴出 [MSC, trad.]
    喷出 [MSC, simp.]
    Yāncōng lǐ pēnchū yī tuán hēi yān. [Pinyin]
    The chimney blew out a cloud of black smoke.
  2. tobacco (plant)
  3. tobacco product
    [MSC, trad.]
    [MSC, simp.]
    Zhè shì yī zhǒng wèi dàn de yān. [Pinyin]
    This is a mild tobacco.
  4. cigarette (Classifier: m c;  m;  c)
      ―  yān miè le.  ―  Put out the cigarette.
    [MSC, trad.]
    [MSC, simp.]
    Tā gěi wǒ juǎn le yī zhī yān. [Pinyin]
    He rolled a cigarette for me.
  5. opium
    虎門虎门  ―  Hǔmén xiāo yān  ―  destruction of opium at Humen
  6. soot
  7. to irritate the eyes by smoke
    做菜抽油煙機流淚 [MSC, trad.]
    做菜抽油烟机流泪 [MSC, simp.]
    Zuòcài wàng le kāi chōuyóuyānjī, yān de wǒ liúlèi. [Pinyin]
    When I was cooking, I forgot to turn on the range hood, and the smoke made my eyes water.
Synonyms edit

Compounds edit

Etymology 2 edit

Short for 煙士烟士 (jin1 si6-2, (card games) ace).

Pronunciation edit

Definitions edit

  1. (Cantonese, Liuzhou Mandarin, informal, card games) ace (Classifier: c;  c)
    [Cantonese]  ―  pe1 jin1 [Jyutping]  ―  pair of aces
Synonyms edit

References edit

Japanese edit

Shinjitai
Kyūjitai
[1][2]

煙󠄁
+&#xE0101;?
(Adobe-Japan1)
 
煙󠄃
+&#xE0103;?
(Hanyo-Denshi)
(Moji_Joho)
The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
See here for details.

Kanji edit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
けむり
Grade: S
kun’yomi

/keburi//kemuri/

Shift from Old Japanese-derived keburi reading (see below) as a regular /b//m/ change.[3][4][5] Appears in the Taiheiki of the late 1300s.

Now the most common reading.

Alternative forms edit

  • (less common)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(けむり) (kemuri

  1. smoke

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
けむ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Clipping of earlier kemuri (see above).[3][4] Appears in kabuki plays of the late Edo Period (late 1700s, early 1800s).

Alternative forms edit

  • (less common)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(けむ) (kemu

  1. (informal, colloquial) smoke

Etymology 3 edit

Kanji in this term
けぶり
Grade: S
kun’yomi

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 煙る (keburu, to be smoky, to give off smoke).[3][4][5] Appears with this reading in the Man'yōshū.

Alternative forms edit

  • (less common)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(けぶり) (keburi

  1. (archaic, possibly dialect) smoke

Etymology 4 edit

Kanji in this term
けぶ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Clipping of earlier keburi (see above).[3][4][5]

Alternative forms edit

  • (less common)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(けぶ) (kebu

  1. (archaic, possibly dialect) smoke

Etymology 5 edit

Kanji in this term
えん
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC 'en).

Pronunciation edit

Affix edit

(えん) (en

  1. smoke
  2. fog, mist
  3. soot
  4. tobacco, tobacco products such as cigarettes or cigars
Usage notes edit

Only found in compounds.

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ 1914, 漢和大辭書 (Kanwa Dai Jisho, “The Great Kanji-Japanese Dictionary”) (in Japanese), page 1369 (paper), page 735 (digital), Tōkyō: 興文社 (Kōbunsha)
  2. ^ 1927, 新漢和辭典 (Shin Kanwa Jiten, “The New Kanji-Japanese Dictionary”) (in Japanese), page 795 (paper), page 410 (digital), Ōsaka: 松雲堂 (Shōundō)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  6. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  7. 7.0 7.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eumhun 연기 (yeon'gi yeon))

  1. Hanja form? of (smoke).

Compounds edit

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: yên

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.