U+6D0B, 洋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6D0B

[U+6D0A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6D0C]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 水廿手 (ETQ), four-corner 38151, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 619, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17363
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1014, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1615, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+6D0B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ljaŋ, *laŋ): semantic (water) + phonetic (OC *laŋ).

EtymologyEdit

“multitudinous; vast; ocean”
Schuessler (2007) compares it with Tibetan ཡངས་པ (yangs pa, wide; extensive; vast; spacious). In contrast, Starostin sets up Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lɨ̆ŋ (wave), encompassing this and Tibetan ཀློང (klong, space; expanse; wave), Burmese လှိုင်း (hluing:, wave; to abound; plentiful).
Compare (OC *laŋs, “(of rivers) long”), (OC *laŋs, “waves; (of rivers) long”).
"vast expanse of flat land"
The same word as (OC *laŋ), which is a variant of (OC *laːʔ, “plain”), used in 平陽平阳 (píngyáng, “flat land”) and many place names in which (yáng) does not seem to mean "south side of mountain or north side of river" (Pan, 2016). It is also the same word as (yáng), used in place names. Cognate with (làng), (lǎng), (làng) used in place names.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • iûⁿ/iôⁿ - vernacular;
  • iông/iâng - literary.
Note:
  • ion5/iên5 - vernacular (iên5 - Chaozhou);
  • iang5 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (36)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /jɨɐŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /jiɐŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /iɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /jɨaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /iaŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /jĭaŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯aŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yáng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    joeng4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yáng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ yang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢ(r)aŋ/
    English "great expanse of water"

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 14536
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*laŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. multitudinous; vast
    2. ocean; vast area of sea; great expanse of water
      太平  ―  Tàipíngyáng  ―  the Pacific Ocean
    3. overseas; foreign; western; imported
        ―  yángrén  ―  foreigner (especially a westerner or Caucasian)
      /   ―  yángcōng  ―  onion (literally, “Western green onion”)
    4. modern; stylish; fashionable
    5. novel; unusual
    6. (historical) foreign money; dollar
    7. (Min) vast expanse of flat land
    8. A river in southern Shaanxi, China
    9. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (よう) ()
    • Korean: (, yang)
    • Vietnamese: dương ()

    Others:

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (17)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /zɨɐŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ziɐŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ziɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /zɨaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ziaŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /zĭaŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /zi̯aŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiáng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    coeng4
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 14525
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ljaŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Alternative form of (xiáng, “to soar; wing; side”).
    2. Alternative form of (xiáng, “good fortune; to bless”).
    3. Alternative form of (xiáng, “gentle; tender”).
    4. Alternative name for 彌河弥河 (“Mi River in Shandong”).
    5. () Yang Prefecture (an ancient prefecture of Shaanxi, China)

    Pronunciation 3Edit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 洋洋, alternative form of 養養养养 (yǎngyǎng, “worried; anxious”).

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. ocean
    2. foreign country
    3. the West
    4. vast, wide

    ReadingsEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC jɨɐŋ, “ocean, West”):

    From Middle Chinese (MC zɨɐŋ, “Mi River”):

    Native Japanese readings:

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    よう
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    /jɨau//jɔː//joː/

    From Middle Chinese (MC jɨɐŋ). Compare modern Mandarin (yáng).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (よう) (やう (yau)?

    1. an ocean
    2. (by extension, from the sense of across the ocean) the East (Orient) or especially the West (Occident)
    Derived termsEdit
    IdiomsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (よう) (やう (yau)?

    1. a surname
    2. a male or female given name

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    なだ
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 C.E..[2]

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (なだ) (nada

    1. Alternative spelling of (nada): the open sea

    Proper nounEdit

    (なだ) (Nada

    1. a surname

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ひろし
    Grade: 3
    Irregular

    Nominalization of the 終止形 (shūshikei, terminal form) of classical adjective 広し (hiroshi), modern 広い (hiroi, vast, wide).

    PronunciationEdit

    • (Irregular reading)

    Proper nounEdit

    (ひろし) (Hiroshi

    1. a surname
    2. a male or female given name

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 17, poem 3893), text here

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC jɨɐŋ). Recorded as Middle Korean 야ᇰ (Yale: yang) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 바다 (keun bada yang))

    1. Hanja form? of (ocean; western).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: dương

    1. Hán tự form of dương (ocean).