U+6D0B, 洋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6D0B

[U+6D0A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6D0C]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 水廿手 (ETQ), four-corner 38151, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 619, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17363
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1014, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1615, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+6D0B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔslaːŋ, *laŋ
*zlaŋ, *laŋ
*ljaŋ, *laŋ
*ljaŋ, *laŋ
*ljaŋ
*ljaŋ
*ljaŋ
*ljaŋ, *laŋʔ
*klaŋ
*kʰlaŋ
*kʰlaŋ
*kʰlaŋ
*kʰlaŋs
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ, *laŋʔ
*laŋ, *laŋs
*laŋ
*laŋs
*laŋs
*laŋs
*laŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ljaŋ, *laŋ): semantic (water) + phonetic (OC *laŋ).

EtymologyEdit

“Multitudinous; vast; ocean”:

Schuessler (2007) compares it with Tibetan ཡངས་པ(yangs pa, wide; extensive; vast; spacious). In contrast, Starostin sets up Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lɨ̆ŋ(wave), encompassing this and Tibetan ཀློང(klong, space; expanse; wave), Burmese လှိုင်း(hluing:, wave; to abound; plentiful).

Compare (OC *laŋs, “(of rivers) long”), (OC *laŋs, “waves; (of rivers) long”).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • iông/iâng - literary;
  • iûⁿ/iôⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/iɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/iaŋ/
Wang
Li
/jĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yáng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yáng
Middle
Chinese
‹ yang ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɢ(r)aŋ/
English "great expanse of water"

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 14536
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*laŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Name of a river in southern Shaanxi.
  2. multitudinous; vast
  3. ocean; vast area of sea; great expanse of water
  4. overseas; foreign; western; imported
  5. modern; stylish; fashionable
  6. novel; unusual
  7. (historical) foreign money; dollar
  8. (Min) vast expanse of flat land
  9. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (17)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/zɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ziɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ziɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/zɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/ziaŋ/
Wang
Li
/zĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/zi̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiáng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 14525
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ljaŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (xiáng, “to soar; wing; side”).
  2. Alternative form of (xiáng, “good fortune; to bless”).
  3. Alternative form of (xiáng, “gentle; tender”).
  4. Alternative term for 彌河弥河 (“Mi River in Shandong”).
  5. () Yang Prefecture (ancient prefecture in Shaanxi)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana ひろし, romaji Hiroshi)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(yang) (hangeul , revised yang, McCune-Reischauer yang, Yale yang)

  1. ocean
  2. western(西洋)

compoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(dương)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.