See also: and
U+9BAE, 鮮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9BAE

[U+9BAD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9BAF]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 195, +6, 17 strokes, cangjie input 弓火廿手 (NFTQ), four-corner 28351, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1470, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46133
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2002, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4688, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9BAE

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sen, *senʔ, *sens): semantic (fish) + abbreviated phonetic (OC *qʰreːn, *qʰljen).

Alternatively, may be ideogrammic compound (會意): (fish) + (sheep) – delicious.

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *gsjar (new; fresh) (STEDT). Cognate with Proto-Tibeto-Burman *g-sar (new; fresh), whence Tibetan གསར་བ (gsar ba, new; fresh), Rawang angsar (new), Drung aksal (new), Mizo tʰarᴴ (new) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms


Note:
  • chiĕng - vernacular;
  • siĕng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chhiⁿ - vernacular;
    • sian - literary;
    • sián - alternative literary, used in some compounds (e.g. 鮮美).
    Note:
    • cin1 - vernacular;
    • siang1 - literary (used in 鮮卑).
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕian⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ɕian⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /ɕian²¹/
    Jinan /ɕiã²¹³/
    Qingdao /siã²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /sian²⁴/
    Xi'an /ɕiã²¹/
    Xining /ɕiã⁵³/
    Yinchuan /ɕian⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ɕiɛ̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /ɕian⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /ɕiɛn⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /ɕyan⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /ɕian⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ɕiɛ̃⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ɕyen³¹/
    Hefei /ɕyĩ²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕie¹¹/
    Pingyao /ɕie̞¹³/
    Hohhot /ɕie³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɕi⁵³/
    Suzhou /siɪ⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /ɕiẽ̞³³/
    Wenzhou /ɕiɛ³³/
    Hui Shexian /ɕie³¹/
    /ɕye³¹/
    Tunxi /siɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /siẽ³³/
    Xiangtan /siẽ³³/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛn⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /sien⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /sien³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sin⁵³/
    Nanning /ɬin⁵⁵/
    /ɬin³⁵/
    Hong Kong /sin⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sian⁵⁵/
    /t͡sʰĩ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰieŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /siŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰĩ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sin³¹/ 朝~
    /si²³/ 新~

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (77)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /siᴇn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /siɛn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sjæn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sian/
    Li
    Rong
    /siɛn/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭɛn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si̯ɛn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiān
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    sin1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiān xiān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sjen › ‹ sjen ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s][a]r/ /*s[a]r/
    English fresh; good 鮮卑 *s[a]r.pe Xiānbēi

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    No. 13490
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sen/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. live fish; aquatic food
    2. fresh food; delicious food
    3. fresh; not stale
    4. new; recent
    5. clear; vivid
    6. brightly coloured; gaily coloured
    7. delicious; tasty
    8. special; peculiar
    9. (Hakka) thin; dilute
    10. a surname
    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Etymology not clear (Schuessler, 2007).

    PronunciationEdit

    trad.
    simp.
    alternative forms



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (77)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /siᴇnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /siɛnX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sjænX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sianX/
    Li
    Rong
    /siɛnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭɛnX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si̯ɛnX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiǎn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    sin2
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiǎn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sjenX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s][e]rʔ/
    English rare, few

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    No. 13492
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*senʔ/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. rare; little; few
    2. rarely; infrequently
    3. to lack; to be short of
    4. Alternative form of 𪩘 (yǎn, “the top of a mountain; cliff; small mountain”).

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    PronunciationEdit

    trad.
    simp.



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (77)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /siᴇnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /siɛnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sjænH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sianH/
    Li
    Rong
    /siɛnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭɛnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si̯ɛnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiàn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    sin3
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    No. 13496
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sens/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Alternative form of (xiàn, “to offer; to present”).

    CompoundsEdit

    Further readingEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    せん
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC siᴇn, siᴇnX, siᴇnH).

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (せん) (senせん (sen)?

    1. fresh
    2. vivid
    3. (Empire of Japan) Korea
      (ぜん)(せん)zensenthe entirety of Korea
      (ない)(せん)一体(いったい)naisen ittaiunification of the mainland and Korea

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 고울 (goul seon))

    1. Hanja form? of (smooth; fish).

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: tiên, tắn

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.