See also: and
U+9BAE, 鮮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9BAE

[U+9BAD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9BAF]

Translingual

edit

Han character

edit

(Kangxi radical 195, +6, 17 strokes, cangjie input 弓火廿手 (NFTQ), four-corner 28351, composition )

References

edit
  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1470, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46133
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2002, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4688, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9BAE

Chinese

edit

Glyph origin

edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *sen, *senʔ, *sens) : semantic (fish) + abbreviated phonetic (OC *qʰreːn, *qʰljen).

Alternatively, may be ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : (fish) + (sheep) – delicious.

Etymology 1

edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *gsjar (new; fresh) (STEDT). Cognate with Proto-Tibeto-Burman *g-sar (new; fresh), whence Tibetan གསར་བ (gsar ba, new; fresh), Rawang angsar (new), Drung aksal (new), Mizo tʰarᴴ (new) (Schuessler, 2007); cognate with Tibetan གསར་ (gsar, new), Burmese (sa., titivate) (Hill, 2019).

Pronunciation

edit
trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Note:
  • chiĕng - vernacular;
  • siĕng - literary.
Note:
  • chhiⁿ - vernacular;
  • sian - literary;
  • sián - alternative literary, used in some compounds (e.g. 鮮美).
Note:
  • cin1 - vernacular;
  • siang1 - literary (used in 鮮卑).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕian⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕian⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕian²¹/
Jinan /ɕiã²¹³/
Qingdao /siã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /sian²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕiã²¹/
Xining /ɕiã⁵³/
Yinchuan /ɕian⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕiɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕian⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕiɛn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕyan⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕian⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕiɛ̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ɕyen³¹/
Hefei /ɕyĩ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕie¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕie̞¹³/
Hohhot /ɕie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɕi⁵³/
Suzhou /siɪ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /ɕiɛ³³/
Hui Shexian /ɕie³¹/
/ɕye³¹/
Tunxi /siɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /siẽ³³/
Xiangtan /siẽ³³/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /sien⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sien³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sin⁵³/
Nanning /ɬin⁵⁵/
/ɬin³⁵/
Hong Kong /sin⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /sian⁵⁵/
/t͡sʰĩ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /t͡sʰieŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /siŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Teochew) /t͡sʰĩ³³/
Haikou (Hainanese) /sin³¹/ 朝~
/si²³/ 新~

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (16)
Final () (77)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter sjen
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/siɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sian/
Li
Rong
/siɛn/
Wang
Li
/sĭɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiān
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sin1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiān xiān
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjen › ‹ sjen ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s][a]r/ /*s[a]r/
English fresh; good 鮮卑 *s[a]r.pe Xiānbēi

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 13490
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sen/
Notes

Definitions

edit

  1. live fish; aquatic food
  2. fresh food; delicious food
  3. fresh; not stale
  4. new; recent
  5. clear; vivid
  6. brightly coloured; gaily coloured
  7. delicious; tasty
  8. special; peculiar
  9. (Hakka) thin; dilute
  10. a surname
Synonyms
edit

Compounds

edit

Descendants

edit
  • Vietnamese: tươi

Etymology 2

edit

Etymology not clear (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation

edit
trad.
simp.
alternative forms



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (16)
Final () (77)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter sjenX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siᴇnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/siɛnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjænX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sianX/
Li
Rong
/siɛnX/
Wang
Li
/sĭɛnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ɛnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiǎn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sin2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjenX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s][e]rʔ/
English rare, few

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 13492
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*senʔ/
Notes

Definitions

edit

  1. rare; little; few
  2. rarely; infrequently
  3. to lack; to be short of
  4. Alternative form of 𪩘 (yǎn, the top of a mountain; cliff; small mountain)

Compounds

edit

Etymology 3

edit

Pronunciation

edit
trad.
simp.


Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (16)
Final () (77)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter sjenH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/siɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sianH/
Li
Rong
/siɛnH/
Wang
Li
/sĭɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiàn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sin3
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 13496
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sens/

Definitions

edit

  1. Alternative form of (to offer; to present)

Compounds

edit

Further reading

edit

Japanese

edit

Kanji

edit

(Jōyō kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings

edit

Compounds

edit

Etymology

edit
Kanji in this term
せん
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC sjen|sjenX|sjenH).

Pronunciation

edit

Affix

edit

(せん) (senせん (sen)?

  1. fresh
  2. vivid
  3. (Empire of Japan) Korea
    (ぜん)(せん)zensenthe entirety of Korea
    (ない)(せん)一体(いったい)naisen ittaiunification of the mainland and Korea

Korean

edit

Hanja

edit

(eumhun 고울 (goul seon))

  1. Hanja form? of (smooth; fish).

Compounds

edit

Vietnamese

edit

Han character

edit

: Hán Nôm readings: tiên, tắn

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.