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U+7F54, 罔
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7F54

[U+7F53]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7F55]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 122, +3, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月廿卜女 (BTYV), four-corner 77220, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 946, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28211
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1387, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2914, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7F54

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*maːŋ
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*maːŋ
*maːŋ
*maːŋ, *maːŋs
*maːŋ, *maŋs
*maːŋ, *hmaːŋ, *maŋ, *mraːŋ, *mraːŋs
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋs
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋʔ, *hmaŋʔ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋʔ
*hmaːŋʔ
*smaːŋs, *smaːŋ
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*maŋ
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*mlaŋʔ
*mlaŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*mlaŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋs
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mlaŋʔ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *maŋ).
Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mlaŋʔ): phonetic  (OC *mlaŋʔ) + semantic .

EtymologyEdit

“not have; not”
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ma (not). Cognate with (OC *maŋ), with an Old Chinese auxiliary verb derivative suffix *-ʔ.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (106)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mʉɐŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/mʷiɐŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/miuɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/muaŋX/
Li
Rong
/miuaŋX/
Wang
Li
/mĭwaŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/miwaŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wǎng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*maŋʔ/ (or *C.maŋʔ ?)
English net

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12674
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mlaŋʔ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of .
  2. (literary) to not have
  3. (literary) not
  4. (literary) to deceive; to hide (truth) from
  5. (archaic) to falsely accuse; to wrong (someone); to slander
    Synonyms: 冤枉 (yuānwǎng)
  6. (Min Dong, with verbs and adjectives) the more... the more
  7. (Min Dong, with verbs) while (usually used as a pair: doing X while doing Y
  8. (Min Dong) although

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(mang) (hangeul , revised mang, McCune–Reischauer mang, Yale mang)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(vóng, vọng, võng)

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