See also:

U+305A, ず
HIRAGANA LETTER ZU
Composition: [U+3059] + ◌゙ [U+3099]

[U+3059]
Hiragana
[U+305B]

Japanese edit

Stroke order
 

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [d͡zɨᵝ], [zɨᵝ]

Etymology 1 edit

The hiragana character (su) with a dakuten ().

Syllable edit

(zu

  1. The hiragana syllable (zu). Its equivalent in katakana is (zu).
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Japanese. Generally considered to be a combination of negation suffix (nu) in its 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of (ni) + honorific suffix (su).[1][2][3]

/nisu/ → */nzu//zu/

Appears both as zu and as the older nisu form in the Man'yōshū poetry anthology.

Suffix edit

(-zu

  1. not doing
    (なに)()
    nani mo shirazu
    not knowing anything
Usage notes edit

Much as the older negation suffix (nu) and the modern negation suffix ない (nai), (zu) must come after the 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis or incomplete form) of a verb.

The suffix (zu) is more formal than the everyday negation suffix ない (nai).

Conjugation edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
2
[noun] diagram, figure, illustration
4
[noun] (historical) one of the punishments in the ancient Ritsuryō system; penal servitude
2
[noun] head
1
[verb] (obsolete) to go or come out
[verb] (obsolete) to appear
(This term, , is the hiragana spelling of the above terms.)
For a list of all kanji read as , see Category:Japanese kanji read as ず.)

References edit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN