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Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai ZU.svg
U+305A, ず
HIRAGANA LETTER ZU
Composition: [U+3059] + ◌゙ [U+3099]

[U+3059]
Hiragana
[U+305B]

Contents

JapaneseEdit

Stroke order
 

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [zɯᵝ]
  • IPA(key): [d͡zɯᵝ] (only in word-initial position, or in careful speech)

Etymology 1Edit

The hiragana character (su) with a dakuten ().

SyllableEdit

(romaji zu)

  1. The hiragana syllable (zu). Its equivalent in katakana is (zu).
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Japanese. Generally considered to be a combination of negation suffix (nu) in its 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of (ni) + honorific suffix (su).[1][2][3]

/nisu/ → */nzu//zu/

Appears both as zu and as the older nisu form in the Man'yōshū poetry anthology.

SuffixEdit

(rōmaji -zu)

  1. not
     (なに) ()
    nani mo shirazu
    not knowing anything
Usage notesEdit

Much as the older negation suffix (nu) and the modern negation suffix ない (nai), (zu) must come after the 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis or incomplete form) of a verb.

The suffix (zu) is more formal than the everyday negation suffix ない (nai).

Etymology 3Edit

The reading for various kanji.

NounEdit

(rōmaji zu)

  1. : diagram, figure, illustration
  2. : imprisonment for one to three years
  3. : head

VerbEdit

(nidan conjugation, rōmaji zu)

  1. : (obsolete) come out

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN