See also: 电话

Chinese edit

electric; electricity; electrical
 
spoken words; speech; dialect
spoken words; speech; dialect; language; talk; conversation; what someone said
trad. (電話)
simp. (电话)
 
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Etymology edit

Wasei kango (和製漢語), orthographically borrowed from Japanese (でん)() (denwa) (Liu et al., 1984; Huang, 2020), first attested in 《遊歷日本圖經》 by Fu Yunlong in 1889 (Huang, 2020).

Pronunciation edit


Noun edit

電話

  1. (countable) telephone; phone [from 19th c.] (Classifier: m c)
    電話民調电话民调  ―  diànhuà míndiào  ―  telephone poll
    車載電話车载电话  ―  chēzài diànhuà  ―  vehicular telephone
    電話电话  ―  Lái diànhuà le.  ―  The telephone is ringing.
    電話佔線电话占线  ―  Diànhuà zhànxiàn.  ―  The line is busy.
    時候電話 [MSC, trad.]
    时候电话 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐ bù zài de shíhou, diànhuà xiǎng le. [Pinyin]
    The phone rang when you weren't here.
    麻煩接通書記辦公室電話 [MSC, trad.]
    麻烦接通书记办公室电话 [MSC, simp.]
    Máfan nín bāng wǒ jiētōng shūjì bàngōngshì de diànhuà, hǎo ma? [Pinyin]
    Could you please connect me to the secretary's office?
    公共電話公共电话 [Hokkien]  ―  kong-kiōng tiān-ōe [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  public telephone
  2. (countable) telephone call; phone call; call [from 20th c.] (Classifier: m mn;  m c)
    接通電話接通电话  ―  jiētōng diànhuà  ―  to connect a call
    騷擾電話骚扰电话  ―  sāorǎo diànhuà  ―  nuisance call
    電話接通电话接通  ―  Diànhuà jiētōng le.  ―  The call has been put through.
    電話电话  ―  Wǒ gěi nǐ dǎ diànhuà.  ―  I'll give you a call.
    電話 [Cantonese, trad.]
    电话 [Cantonese, simp.]
    daa2 go3 din6 waa6 bei2 keoi5 [Jyutping]
    give them a call
  3. (colloquial) telephone number; phone number; number
    電話多少电话多少  ―  Nǐ de diànhuà shì duōshǎo?  ―  What's your phone number?

Usage notes edit

Note that in Mandarin, the noun 電話电话 (diànhuà, “telephone”) is used in any verb involving a phone, such as 打電話打电话 (dǎ diànhuà, “to make a phone call”), 回電話回电话 (huí diànhuà, “to call back”), 接電話接电话 (jiē diànhuà, “to answer the phone”), etc.

In Hong Kong, Malaysia and Singapore, 電話电话 (diànhuà) often refers to a mobile phone in many contexts.

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Bouyei: dianqhuaq
  • Lü: ᦶᦎᧃᧈᦧᦱᧈ (ṫaen¹ẋwaa¹)
  • Zhuang: denva

See also edit

Further reading edit

Japanese edit

Kanji in this term
でん
Grade: 2

Grade: 2
goon kan’yōon

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Wasei kango, from (den, electric) +‎ (wa, conversation). See also 話す (hanasu).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(でん)() (denwa

  1. telephone
    電話(でんわ)()
    denwa o hiku
    to install a telephone
    電話(でんわ)()
    denwa ni deru
    to answer the phone
  2. telephone call; phone call; call
    電話(でんわ)()ける
    denwa o kakeru
    to make a call
    電話(でんわ)()かって()
    denwa ga kakatte kuru
    to receive a call
    電話(でんわ)()
    denwa o kiru
    to hang up

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Verb edit

(でん)()する (denwa surusuru (stem (でん)() (denwa shi), past (でん)()した (denwa shita))

  1. to make a phone call; to telephone; to call

Usage notes edit

  • In order to imply whom one is calling as is done in English with the preposition to in make a phone call to or by the objective case as him in the sentence I called him, the Japanese use (ni):
    (わたし)(かれ)電話(でんわ)するつもりだ。
    Watashi wa kare ni denwa suru tsumori da.
    I'm going to call him.

Conjugation edit

References edit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja in this term

Noun edit

電話 (jeonhwa) (hangeul 전화)

  1. Hanja form? of 전화 (telephone).

Okinawan edit

Kanji in this term
でぃん
Grade: 2

Grade: 2

Noun edit

(でぃん)() (dinwa

  1. telephone

Vietnamese edit

chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Noun edit

電話

  1. chữ Hán form of điện thoại (telephone).