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See also: 电话

Contents

ChineseEdit

electric; electricity; electrical
 
spoken words; speech; dialect; language; talk; conversation; what someone said
trad. (電話)
simp. (电话)

EtymologyEdit

Wasei kango (和製漢語), borrowed from Japanese  (でん) () (denwa, telephone).

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

電話

  1. telephone; phone (Classifier: )
    時候電話 [MSC, trad.]
    时候电话 [MSC, simp.]
    Dāng nǐ bù zài de shíhou, diànhuà xiǎng le. [Pinyin]
    The phone rang when you weren't here.
  2. telephone call (Classifier: ;  c)
    電話 / 电话  ―  Wǒ gěi nǐ dǎ diànhuà.  ―  I'll give you a call.
  3. telephone number
    電話多少 / 电话多少  ―  Nǐ de diànhuà shì duōshào?  ―  What's your phone number?

Usage notesEdit

Note that in Mandarin, the noun 電話电话 (“telephone”) is used in any verb involving a phone, such as 打電話打电话 (dǎdiànhuà, “to make a phone call”), 回電話回电话 (huídiànhuà, “to call back”), 接電話接电话 (jiēdiànhuà, “to answer the phone”), etc.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
でん
Grade: 2

Grade: 2
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

Wasei kango, from (den, electric) +‎ (wa, conversation). See also 話す (hanasu).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

電話 (hiragana でんわ, rōmaji denwa)

  1. telephone
     (でん) () ()
    denwa o hiku
    to install a telephone
     (でん) () ()
    denwa ni deru
    to answer the phone
  2. telephone call; phone call; call
     (でん) () ()ける
    denwa o kakeru
    to make a call
     (でん) () ()かって ()
    denwa ga kakatte kuru
    to receive a call
     (でん) () ()
    denwa o kiru
    to hang up

CompoundsEdit

VerbEdit

電話する (hiragana でんわ, rōmaji denwa)

  1. to make a phone call; to telephone; to call

Usage notesEdit

  • In order to imply whom one is calling as is done in English with the preposition to in make a phone call to or by the objective case as him in the sentence I called him, the Japanese use (ni):
     (わたし) (かれ) (でん) ()するつもりだ。
    Watashi wa kare ni denwa suru tsumori da.
    I'm going to call him.

ConjugationEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

電話 (jeonhwa) (hangeul 전화)

  1. Hanja form? of 전화, “telephone”.

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

電話

  1. Hán tự form of điện thoại, “telephone