TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

EtymologyEdit

Japanese shinjitai simplified from , replacing two dots with one stroke. Compare , the shinjitai of .

Han characterEdit

(radical 203 +0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 田土火 (WGF) or X田土火 (XWGF), composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 1518, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48040
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2052, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 7, page 4743, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9ED2

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. black

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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(kuro): the colour black.
Kanji in this term
くろ
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Via root morpheme *kur, cognate with kuri (, "black mud from the bed of a body of water"),[1] noun kura (, "darkness; deception"; , , "[dark] storehouse") > adjective kurai (暗い, "dark"), verb kuru > kureru (暮れる, "to become dark; to near the end [of a day, of a year, of a life]"; 暗れる, 眩れる, "to become depressed, to become dreary of mood"). Compare Proto-Turkic *kara ‎(black), Mongolian хар ‎(har, black).

Possibly cognate with Korean 구름 ‎(gureum, cloud); compare also Japanese ‎(kumo, cloud) and Korean * ‎(geom, black), root morpheme of 검다 ‎(geomda, to be black, ve​rb), 검은 ‎(geomeun, black, adjective).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana くろ, romaji kuro)

  1. the colour black
  2. a 女房詞 ‎(nyōbō kotoba, woman's word) for ‎(nabe, pot, pan) or ‎(kama, pot, kettle)
  3. (accounting) short for 黒字 ‎(kuroji): black as an accounting term, indicating a profit
  4. (euphemistic) short for 黒幕 ‎(kuromaku): a black curtain, a euphemism for someone influencing or controlling matters from behind the scenes
  5. guilt; the guilty one, the guilty party
  6. (slang) anarchy as a belief system or philosophy; an anarchist

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Colors in Japanese ·  (いろ) ‎(iro) (layout · text)
    

赤色 (あかいろ) ‎(akairo)

      (むらさき) ‎(murasaki)     

黄色 (きいろ) ‎(kiiro)

    

 (みどり) ‎(midori)

     ?     

 (あお) ‎(ao)

     ?
    

深紅色 (しんくしょく) ‎(shinkushoku),
クリムゾン ‎(kurimuzon),
紅色 (べにいろ) ‎(benīro),
紅色 (くれないいろ) ‎(kurenaīro)

     マゼンタ ‎(mazenta)      ?      ?     

シアン ‎(shian)

     空色 (そらいろ) ‎(sorairo)      ?
    

茶色 (ちゃいろ) ‎(chairo),
褐色 (かっしょく) ‎(kasshoku)

    

ピンク ‎(pinku),
桃色 (ももいろ) ‎(momoiro)

    

橙色 (だいだいいろ) ‎(daidaiiro)

      (くろ) ‎(kuro)     

灰色 (はいいろ) ‎(haiiro),
鼠色 (ねずみいろ) ‎(nezumiiro)

      (しろ) ‎(shiro)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
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