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See also: and
U+9ED2, 黒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9ED2

[U+9ED1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9ED3]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Glyph originEdit

Variant of . Simplified from , replacing two dots with one stroke. The modern Japanese usage is of reform (shinjitai) nature. Compare , the shinjitai of .

Han characterEdit

(radical 203, +0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 田土火 (WGF) or X田土火 (XWGF), composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 1518, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48040
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2052, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 7, page 4743, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9ED2

ChineseEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“black; dark; darkness; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. black

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
(kuro): the colour black.
Kanji in this term
くろ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

⟨kuro1/kuro/

From Old Japanese, first attested in the Kojiki (712 CE).

Via root morpheme *kur, cognates include:

Compare Proto-Turkic *kara (black), Mongolian хар (har, black). Possibly also cognate with Korean 구름 (gureum, cloud); compare also Japanese (kumo, cloud) and Korean (*geom, black), root morpheme of 검다 (geomda, to be black, ve​rb), 검은 (geomeun, black, adjective).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana くろ, rōmaji kuro)

  1. black (color)
    Antonym: (shiro)
  2. (go) a black stone; the person who plays black stones
    Synonym: 先手 (sente)
  3. a 女房詞 (nyōbō kotoba, woman's word) for (nabe, pot, pan) or (kama, pot, kettle)
  4. (accounting) Short for 黒字 (kuroji): black as an accounting term, indicating a profit
  5. (euphemistic) Short for 黒幕 (kuromaku): a black curtain (someone influencing or controlling matters from behind the scenes)
  6. guilt; the guilty one, the guilty party
    Synonym: 有罪 (yūzai‎) (guilt)
    Antonym: (shiro) (innocence)
  7. (slang) anarchy as a belief system or philosophy
    Synonym: 無政府主義 (musei-fu shugi)
  8. (slang) an anarchist
    Synonym: 無政府主義者 (musei-fu shugi-sha)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Colors in Japanese ·  (いろ) (iro) (layout · text)
      (しろ) (shiro)       (はい) (いろ) (haiiro),
 (ねずみ) (いろ) (nezumiiro) (dated)
      (くろ) (kuro)       (ちゃ) (いろ) (chairo),
 (かっ) (しょく) (kasshoku)
             ピンク (pinku),
 (もも) (いろ) (momoiro)
              (あか) (aka) ;  (しん) () (shinku),
クリムゾン (kurimuzon),
 (べに) (いろ) (beniiro),
 (くれない) (いろ) (kurenaiiro)
             オレンジ (orenji),
 (だいだい) (いろ) (daidaiiro)
              () (いろ) (kiiro) ; クリーム (いろ) (kurīmuiro)
              () (みどり) (kimidori)               (みどり) (midori),
 (あお) (ao) (dated)
                          シアン (shian) ;  (かも)羽色 (はねいろ) (kamo no hane iro)
              (みず) (いろ) (mizuiro)               (あお) (ao)               (すみれ) (いろ) (sumireiro) ;  (あい) (いろ) (aiiro),
インジゴ (injigo)
             マゼンタ (mazenta) ;  (むらさき) (murasaki)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN