Last modified on 13 March 2015, at 04:31

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水卜口 (EYR), four-corner 31160, composition)

  1. moisten, wet, soak
  2. touch

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 614, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17259
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1008, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1583, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+6CBE

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (沾), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 知 (9)
Final: 鹽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 張廉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈiᴇm/ /ȶi̯ɛm/ /ȶiɛm/ /ʈiɛm/ /ʈiam/ /ȶĭɛm/ /ȶjæm/
Character (沾), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 透 (6)
Final: 添
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 他兼切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰem/ /tʰiem/ /tʰem/ /tʰem/ /tʰɛm/ /tʰiem/ /tʰɛm/
Character (沾), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 添
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 都念切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/temH/ /tiemH/ /temH/ /temH/ /tɛmH/ /tiemH/ /tɛmH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhān ‹ trjem › /*[t]rem/ moisten

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16702 2 /*tem/
16725 2 /*teːms/
16728 2 /*tʰeːm/

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(cheom) (hangeul , revised cheom, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŏm, Yale chem)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chăm, trèm, triêm, chem, thêm)

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