U+60C5, 情
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-60C5

[U+60C4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+60C6]

Translingual edit

Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean
Stroke order (Mainland China)
 
Stroke order (Taiwan)
 
Stroke order
(Mainland China)
 

Alternative forms edit

  • In mainland China, Hong Kong (based on its educational standard), Japanese kanji and Vietnamese Hán Nôm, the bottom right component is written with a vertical left stroke.
  • In Taiwan, the bottom right component is written with a curved 丿 left stroke.
  • In Korean hanja, the bottom right component is written which is the historical form found in the Kangxi Dictionary.

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 61, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 心手一月 (PQMB), four-corner 95027, composition (GHTJV) or (K))

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 389, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10756
  • Dae Jaweon: page 723, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2312, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+60C5

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. #
2nd round simp. 𰑊
alternative forms
𢚏
⿰忄𤯞
⿰十青
 
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Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *zleŋ) : semantic (heart) + phonetic (OC *sʰleːŋ).

Etymology edit

Its meaning "feeling" prompts Benedict (1976) to connect it to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-niŋ (heart; brain; mind); while its other meaning "proper nature, situation" suggests cognacy to (shēng, “to live, life”) (Boltz, 1976), though the initials of (OC *dzeŋ) vs. (OC *srêŋ) are difficult to reconcile (Schuessler, 2007) – not withstanding Zhengzhang (2003)'s reconstructions (OC *zleŋ) vs. (OC *sʰleːŋ).

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • chêng - literary;
  • chiâⁿ - vernacular.
Note:
  • cêng5 - literary;
  • zian5 - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (15)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter dzjeng
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ziᴇŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ziɛŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ziæŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ziajŋ/
Li
Rong
/d͡ziɛŋ/
Wang
Li
/d͡zĭɛŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱi̯ɛŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qíng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
cing4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qíng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzjeng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]eŋ/
English affections; response to circumstances

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11348
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zleŋ/

Definitions edit

  1. feeling; sentiment; emotion
      ―  gǎnqíng  ―  feeling
    不自禁  ―  qíngbùzìjīn  ―  cannot help
  2. love; affection (Classifier: ; )
      ―  qíngshū  ―  love letter
  3. sexual desire
      ―  qíng  ―  lust; sexual desire
      ―  qíng  ―  mating season
  4. favours; feelings
      ―  rénqíng  ―  feelings; favour
      ―  qiúqíng  ―  to plead
  5. reason
      ―  chángqíng  ―  reason
    合理  ―  qínghélǐ  ―  reasonable
  6. situation; circumstances
      ―  bìngqíng  ―  patient's condition

Compounds edit

Descendants edit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (じょう) ()
  • Korean: 정(情) (jeong)
  • Vietnamese: tình ()

Others:

Japanese edit

Shinjitai
Kyūjitai
[1]

情󠄁
+&#xE0101;?
(Adobe-Japan1)
 
情󠄃
+&#xE0103;?
(Hanyo-Denshi)
(Moji_Joho)
The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
See here for details.

Kanji edit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. emotion; feeling

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology edit

Kanji in this term
じょう
Grade: 5
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC dzjeng).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(じょう) (じやう (zyau)?

  1. feeling; sentiment; emotion
  2. love; affection
  3. situation; circumstances

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア (Kanjipedia)[1] (in Japanese), 日本漢字能力検定協会, 2015–2024
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eumhun (tteut jeong))

  1. Hanja form? of (feeling; sentiment; emotion).

Compounds edit

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Việt readings: tình[1][2][3][4][5]
: Nôm readings: tành[1][2][3][6][4][5][7], tình[1][2][4][7], dềnh[1][3][6], rình[1][3], thanh[1], xênh[1], tạnh[3]

  1. chữ Hán form of tình (ability to feel affection or compassion).
  2. Nôm form of tành (This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.).

Compounds edit

References edit