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U+6FC0, 激
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6FC0
澿
[U+6FBF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6FC1]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 水竹尸大 (EHSK), four-corner 38140, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 654, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18438
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1064, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1760, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6FC0

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰreːw, *kʰreːwɢs
*qlew, *kleːw
*kleːw
*kleːw, *kleːwɢs
*kleːwʔ, *kleːwʔ
*kleːwʔ
*kleːwʔ
*kleːwʔ, *kljewɢ, *ɡreːɡ
*kleːwɢs, *ɢlewɢ, *kleːwɢ
*kleːwɢs
*kleːwɢs, *kleːwɢ
*kleːwɢs
*kleːwɢs, *kleːwɢ, *ɡleːwɢ
*kleːwɢs, *kleːwɢ, *ɡleːwɢ
*kʰleːw
*kʰleːwɢs
*ɡleːd, *ɡreːɡ
*kʰreːwɢ, *kʰleːwɢ
*ɡleːwɢ
*ɡleːwɢ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kleːwɢs, *kleːwɢ): semantic  (water) + phonetic  (OC *kleːwɢs, *ɢlewɢ, *kleːwɢ) – (of water) to swash.

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/ 叫雨~著了
/t͡ɕi⁵³/ 感~
Tianjin /t͡ɕi²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕi²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕi¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕi¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕie³¹/
/t͡ɕi³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕi³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕiəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /liəʔ²/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕiʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kit̚¹/
Taoyuan /kit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kek̚⁵/
Nanning /kek̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kik̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ki⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kek̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (127)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kek̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kek̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɛk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɛjk̚/
Li
Rong
/kek̚/
Wang
Li
/kiek̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kiek̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ji
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kek ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤewk/
English dam up (water)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 6406
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kleːwɢ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (of water currents) to swash; to surge; to dash
  2. rapid; acute; fierce; strong
  3. drastic; radical; extreme
  4. to excite; to arouse; to incite
  5. resounding; reverberating; aroused
  6. (Cantonese) brilliant; great; cool
  7. to restrain; to check
  8. to chill (something by dipping it in cold water)
  9. to fall ill from getting wet
  10. violently; fiercely; quickly
  11. (Cantonese) to infuriate; to piss off
    激嚫
    激死
  12. A surname​.
CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/ 叫雨~著了
/t͡ɕi⁵³/ 感~
Tianjin /t͡ɕi²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕi²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕi¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕi¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕie³¹/
/t͡ɕi³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕi³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕiəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /liəʔ²/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕiʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kit̚¹/
Taoyuan /kit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kek̚⁵/
Nanning /kek̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kik̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ki⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kek̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (93)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/keuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/keuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/keuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɛwH/
Li
Rong
/keuH/
Wang
Li
/kieuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kieuH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiào
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 6394
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kleːwɢs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (of water) turbulent
  2. half-covered
  3. long
  4. bright
  5. Alternative form of .

Pronunciation 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“frontier, border; inspect, patrol”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
げき
Grade: 6
on’yomi

PrefixEdit

(hiragana げき, rōmaji geki-)

  1. (informal) very; intensely; extremely
Derived termsEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gyeok) (hangeul , revised gyeok, McCune–Reischauer kyŏk, Yale kyek)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(váng, khích, kích)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.