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See also:
U+54B1, 咱
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54B1

[U+54B0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54B2]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口竹月山 (RHBU), four-corner 66000, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 187, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3552
  • Dae Jaweon: page 406, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 618, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+54B1

ChineseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

trad. //
simp.
variant forms 𠴰

Fusion of 自家 (MC d͡ziɪH kˠa, “self”) [Song] > Modern Mandarin (Lü, 1984). Fusion with (men) produces the form with a nasal coda [Yuan], e.g. Modern Mandarin zán (Norman, 1988).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • zán - “I (dialectal); we; particle”;
  • zá - “I (literary)”.
  • Cantonese
  • Note: zaa2, ze1 - rare.

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (literary or dialectal) I; me
    2. (inclusive) we; us
    3. (literary) A particle used after personal pronouns.
    SynonymsEdit
    Dialectal synonyms of (“I”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese , , , , , ,
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Jinan ,
    Xi'an
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan)
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou)
    Macau
    Panyu
    Huadu (Huashan)
    Conghua
    Zengcheng
    Foshan
    Nanhai (Shatou)
    Shunde
    Sanshui
    Gaoming (Mingcheng)
    Zhongshan (Shiqi)
    Zhuhai (Qianshan)
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
    Doumen
    Jiangmen (Baisha) 𠊎
    Xinhui
    Taishan
    Kaiping (Chikan)
    Enping (Niujiang)
    Heshan (Yayao)
    Dongguan
    Bao'an (Shajing)
    Yangjiang
    Nanning
    Danzhou
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian 𠊎
    Huizhou (Huicheng Bendihua)
    Dongguan (Qingxi) 𠊎
    Shenzhen (Shatoujiao) 𠊎
    Zhongshan (Nanlang Heshui) 𠊎
    Heyuan (Bendihua) 𠊎
    Liannan 𠊎
    Conghua (Lütian) 𠊎
    Jiexi 𠊎
    Changting 𠊎
    Wuping 𠊎
    Ninghua 𠊎
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𠊎
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 𠊎
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 𠊎
    Dongshi (Dabu) 𠊎
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 𠊎
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 𠊎
    Hong Kong 𠊎
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou ,
    Min Nan Xiamen ,
    Quanzhou ,
    Zhangzhou ,
    Taipei ,
    Kaohsiung ,
    Penang
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Haifeng
    Wenchang , humble, used by someone in the younger generation
    Wu Shanghai , , 阿拉
    Suzhou ,
    Wenzhou
    Ningbo , 我儂, 像我
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng ,
    Dialectal synonyms of 咱們 (“we; us (inclusive)”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 咱們, 你我
    Mandarin Beijing 咱們,
    Taiwan 咱們,
    Jinan 咱們, , 咱這伙
    Xi'an
    Wuhan 我們
    Chengdu 我們
    Yangzhou 我們
    Hefei 我們
    Cantonese Guangzhou 我哋
    Hong Kong 我哋
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang 我個裡 , 我們
    Hakka Meixian 𠊎等人 , 𠊎等 , 齊儕
    Xingning 𠊎齊家
    Huidong (Daling) 𠊎俚
    Qujiang 𠊎俚
    Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 𠊎俚
    Changting 𠊎等人
    Pingyu 𠊎等人 , 𠊎兜
    Wuping 𠊎嫩人
    Liancheng 𠊎大沙
    Ninghua 𠊎人
    Yudu 𠊎尼
    Ruijin 𠊎班
    Shicheng 𠊎人
    Shangyou 𠊎子人
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𫣆兜, 𫣆這兜, 𫣆俚, 𫣆
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 𠊎等 , 𠊎等人
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 𫣆俚, 吾俚, 𠊎俚, 𫣆兜, 𫣆這兜, 𫣆
    Dongshi (Dabu) 𫣆等, 𫣆這兜, 𫣆
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 𫣆兜, 𫣆這兜, 𫣆俚
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 𫣆人, 𫣆
    Jin Taiyuan 咱們,
    Min Bei Jian'ou 俺伙人, 俺人
    Min Dong Fuzhou 儂家各儂, 儂家, 儂家儂
    Min Nan Xiamen , 咱人
    Quanzhou , 咱人
    Zhangzhou , 咱人
    Taipei
    Penang , 咱人
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Wu Shanghai 阿拉 , 我伲 ,
    Suzhou
    Wenzhou 卬你, 卬你倈
    Xiang Changsha 我們
    Shuangfeng 我哩 , 卬哩
    Note † - no distinction of clusivity

    See alsoEdit

    Standard Chinese personal pronouns
    Person Singular Plural
    1st () 我們我们 (wǒmen)
    inclusive 咱們咱们 (zánmen)
    2nd male/indefinite () 你們你们 (nǐmen)
    female () 妳們你们 (nǐmen)
    deity () 祢們祢们 (nǐmen)
    polite (nín) 你們你们 (nǐmen)
    您們您们 (nínmen)
    3rd male/indefinite () 他們他们 (tāmen)
    female () 她們她们 (tāmen)
    deity () 祂們祂们 (tāmen)
    animal () 牠們它们 (tāmen)
    inanimate () 它們它们 (tāmen)

    Etymology 2Edit

    Fusion of 早晚 (zǎowǎn).

    PronunciationEdit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (dialectal, in compounds) time
      /   ―  zhèzan  ―  now

    Etymology 3Edit

    simp. and trad.
    variant forms

    From (lâng, “person; I, me”) + elision of . Compare (gún, goán, “we, us (exclusive)”), (lín, “you (plural)”), 𪜶 (in, “they, them”).

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    (Min Nan)

    1. (inclusive) we; us
    2. (polite) you
    3. (inclusive) our
    SynonymsEdit
    Dialectal synonyms of 咱們 (“we; us (inclusive)”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 咱們, 你我
    Mandarin Beijing 咱們,
    Taiwan 咱們,
    Jinan 咱們, , 咱這伙
    Xi'an
    Wuhan 我們
    Chengdu 我們
    Yangzhou 我們
    Hefei 我們
    Cantonese Guangzhou 我哋
    Hong Kong 我哋
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang 我個裡 , 我們
    Hakka Meixian 𠊎等人 , 𠊎等 , 齊儕
    Xingning 𠊎齊家
    Huidong (Daling) 𠊎俚
    Qujiang 𠊎俚
    Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 𠊎俚
    Changting 𠊎等人
    Pingyu 𠊎等人 , 𠊎兜
    Wuping 𠊎嫩人
    Liancheng 𠊎大沙
    Ninghua 𠊎人
    Yudu 𠊎尼
    Ruijin 𠊎班
    Shicheng 𠊎人
    Shangyou 𠊎子人
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𫣆兜, 𫣆這兜, 𫣆俚, 𫣆
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 𠊎等 , 𠊎等人
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 𫣆俚, 吾俚, 𠊎俚, 𫣆兜, 𫣆這兜, 𫣆
    Dongshi (Dabu) 𫣆等, 𫣆這兜, 𫣆
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 𫣆兜, 𫣆這兜, 𫣆俚
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 𫣆人, 𫣆
    Jin Taiyuan 咱們,
    Min Bei Jian'ou 俺伙人, 俺人
    Min Dong Fuzhou 儂家各儂, 儂家, 儂家儂
    Min Nan Xiamen , 咱人
    Quanzhou , 咱人
    Zhangzhou , 咱人
    Taipei
    Penang , 咱人
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Wu Shanghai 阿拉 , 我伲 ,
    Suzhou
    Wenzhou 卬你, 卬你倈
    Xiang Changsha 我們
    Shuangfeng 我哩 , 卬哩
    Note † - no distinction of clusivity

    See alsoEdit

    Etymology 4Edit

    simp. and trad.

    PronunciationEdit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Sentence-final modal particle for the imperative mood, similar to (ba).
    2. Sentence-final modal particle for the declarative mood.

    Etymology 5Edit

    simp. and trad.

    PronunciationEdit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Alternative form of (, “how”).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (chal, cha) (hangeul , , revised chal, cha, McCune–Reischauer ch'al, ch'a)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (cha, gia, ta, thánh, thính)

    1. Hán tự form of ta (I; me; we; us).