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See also: and 齿
U+9F52, 齒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9F52

[U+9F51]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9F53]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified 齿

Han characterEdit

(radical 211, +0, 15 strokes, cangjie input 卜一山人人 (YMUOO), four-corner 21772, composition𠚕)

  1. Kangxi radical #211, .

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1532, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48583
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2070, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4788, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9F52

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. 齿
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰlɯʔ
*kjɯʔ
*kjɯʔ
*kjɯʔ
*kjɯʔ
*kjɯʔ
*kjɯʔ
*kʰjɯʔ
*be, *pʰi, *kʰjɯʔ

Pictogram (象形) – a mouth full of teeth. (zhī) or (zhǐ) was later added on top as a phonetic component.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kī - vernacular;
  • chī - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • khí - vernacular;
    • chhí - literary.
    Note:
    • ki2 - vernacular;
    • cin2 - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹⁴/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹³/
    Tianjin /t͡sʰz̩¹³/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵³/
    Xi'an /t͡sʰz̩⁴⁴/
    Xining /t͡sʰz̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /t͡sʰz̩⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰz̩⁴²/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰz̩²¹/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵³/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹²/
    Hefei /t͡sʰʐ̩²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
    Pingyao /sz̩⁵³/ 平~磨
    /t͡sz̩⁵³/ ~輪兒
    Hohhot /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡sz̩³⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡sʰz̩ʷ⁵¹/
    Hangzhou /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
    Wenzhou /t͡sʰz̩³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi³⁵/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰz̩²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰz̩³¹/
    Taoyuan /tʃʰï³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰi³⁵/
    Nanning /t͡sʰi³⁵/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰi³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰi⁵³/
    /kʰi⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰi³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰi²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰi⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xi²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (24)
    Final () (19)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕʰɨX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕʰɨX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕʰieX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cʰɨX/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕʰiəX/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕʰĭəX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕʰiX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chǐ
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chǐ
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyhiX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*t-[k]ʰə(ŋ)ʔ/ (or *t.ŋ̊əʔ)
    English front teeth

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17302
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰjɯʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (anatomy) tooth
      / 齿  ―  chǐ  ―  tooth
    2. (figuratively) tooth- or zigzag-like thing, such as sawtooth, cogwheel, fern, etc.
    3. (figuratively) age (of a person or animal)
    4. to juxtapose; to put side by side
    5. to utter; to mention
    6. to employ; to take in
    7. to touch; to be in contact with

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 牙齒 (“tooth”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 牙齒
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan 牙齒才調子
    Chengdu 牙齒
    Yangzhou 牙子
    Hefei 牙齒
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang 牙齒
    Hakka Meixian 牙齒
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 牙齒
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 牙齒
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 牙齒
    Dongshi (Dabu) 牙齒
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 牙齒
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 牙齒
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou 牙齒
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen 喙齒
    Quanzhou 喙齒
    Zhangzhou 喙齒
    Taipei 喙齒
    Kaohsiung 喙齒
    Philippines (Manila) 喙齒
    Chaozhou
    Wu Shanghai 牙子牙齒
    Suzhou 牙子
    Wenzhou 牙齒
    Xiang Changsha 牙齒
    Shuangfeng 牙齒

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. tooth

    ReadingsEdit

    • Go-on: (shi)
    • Kan-on: (shi)
    • Kun: (ha, )

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (chi)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: chi, McCune–Reischauer: ch'i, Yale: chi)
      • Name (hangeul): (revised: i, McCune–Reischauer: i, Yale: i)
    1. tooth

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (xỉ, xỉa, xẻ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.