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See also: and 齿
U+9F52, 齒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9F52

[U+9F51]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9F53]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified 齿

Han characterEdit

(radical 211 +0, 15 strokes, cangjie input 卜一山人人 (YMUOO), four-corner 21772, composition𠚕)

  1. Kangxi radical #211, .

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1532, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48583
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2070, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4788, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9F52

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. 齿
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰlɯʔ
*kjɯʔ
*kjɯʔ
*kjɯʔ
*kjɯʔ
*kjɯʔ
*kjɯʔ
*kʰjɯʔ
*be, *pʰi, *kʰjɯʔ

Pictogram (象形) – a mouth full of teeth. (zhī) or (zhǐ) was later added on top as a phonetic component.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kī - vernacular;
  • chī - literary.
Note:
  • khí - vernacular;
  • chhí - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡sʰz̩¹³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵³/
Xi'an /t͡sʰz̩⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡sʰz̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰz̩⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰz̩⁴²/
Chengdu /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Guiyang /t͡sʰz̩²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵³/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹²/
Hefei /t͡sʰʐ̩²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Pingyao /sz̩⁵³/ 平~磨
/t͡sz̩⁵³/ ~輪兒
Hohhot /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sz̩³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰz̩ʷ⁵¹/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰz̩³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi³⁵/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰz̩²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰz̩³¹/
Taoyuan /tʃʰï³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰi³⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰi³⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰi³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰi⁵³/
/kʰi⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰi³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰi²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰi⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xi²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (24)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕʰɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʰɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cʰɨX/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕʰiəX/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕʰĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕʰiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chǐ
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17302
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰjɯʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (anatomy) tooth
    / 齿  ―  chǐ  ―  tooth
  2. (figuratively) tooth- or zigzag-like thing, such as sawtooth, cogwheel, fern, etc.
  3. (figuratively) age (of a person or animal)
  4. to juxtapose; to put side by side
  5. to utter; to mention
  6. to employ; to take in
  7. to touch; to be in contact with

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 牙齒 (“tooth”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 牙齒
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan 牙齒才調子
Chengdu 牙齒
Yangzhou 牙子
Hefei 牙齒
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang 牙齒
Hakka Meixian 牙齒
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 牙齒
Liudui (S. Sixian) 牙齒
Hsinchu (Hailu) 牙齒
Dongshi (Dabu) 牙齒
Zhuolan (Raoping) 牙齒
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 牙齒
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou 牙齒
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen 喙齒
Quanzhou 喙齒
Zhangzhou 喙齒
Taipei 喙齒
Kaohsiung 喙齒
Philippines (Manila) 喙齒
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai 牙子牙齒
Suzhou 牙子
Wenzhou 牙齒
Xiang Changsha 牙齒
Shuangfeng 牙齒

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. tooth

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chi)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: chi, McCune-Reischauer: ch'i, Yale: chi)
    • Name (hangeul): (revised: i, McCune-Reischauer: i, Yale: i)
  1. tooth

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(xỉ, xỉa, xẻ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.