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Contents

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 64 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 手竹十X (QHJX), four-corner 52077, composition)

  1. to insert, stick into
  2. to plant

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 441, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12346
  • Dae Jaweon: page 792, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1918, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+63D2

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/ ~上門
/ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/ ~手
Tianjin /t͡sʰɑ²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡sʰa²¹/
Xining /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰa¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰa²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sʰa²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰa³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰa²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰa̠³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰaʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡sʰʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰaʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰaʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰa²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰaʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰɔ⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰa²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰaʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰap̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰɑp̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰap̚³/
Nanning /t͡sʰap̚³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰap̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰap̚³²/
/t͡sʰaʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰɑʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰa²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰap̚²/
/t͡sʰaʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sa⁵⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (19)
Final () (152)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃʰɣɛp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂʰɯæp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰɐp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂʰəɨp̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃʰɐp̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃʰɐp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂʰăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cha
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chā
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsrhɛp ›
Old
Chinese
/*mə-[tsʰ]<r>op/
English insert

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1190
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰreːb/

DefinitionsEdit

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ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(sap) (hangeul , revised sap, McCune-Reischauer sap, Yale sap)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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