Irish

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /bˠ/ (before (fh)a, (fh)á, (fh)o, (fh)ó, (fh)u, (fh)ú)
  • IPA(key): /bʲ/ (before (fh)e, (fh)é, (fh)i, (fh)í)

Particle

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b’

  1. Apocopic form of ba
    B’fhearr liom cupán tae.
    I’d prefer a cup of tea.

Usage notes

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  • This form is used before words beginning with a vowel or fh followed by a vowel, except not before the pronouns é, ea, í, iad.

Derived terms

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Mutation

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Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
b' bh' mb'
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Maltese

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Alternative forms

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  • bi (before a consonant cluster)
  • imb (in fixed expressions)

Etymology

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From Arabic بِ (bi).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /b/ (before a vowel, sonorant, or voiced obstruent)
  • IPA(key): /p/ (before a voiceless obstruent)

Preposition

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b’

  1. with (chiefly an ingredient, means, concomitant, quality)
    Antonym: bla

Inflection

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Inflected forms of b’
Personal-pronoun-
including forms
singular plural
m f
1st person bija bina
2nd person bik bikom
3rd person bih biha bihom
Definite forms
Xemxin Qamrin
biċ- · bid- · bin-
bir- · bis- · bit- ·
bix- · biz- · biż-
bil-
†form is bl- before a vowel, h, or għ

See also

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Scottish Gaelic

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /p-/
  • Hyphenation: b'

Verb

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b'

  1. Form of bu used before vowels and fh-

References

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  • Colin Mark (2003) “bu”, in The Gaelic-English dictionary, London: Routledge, →ISBN, page 96

Yola

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Etymology

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Influenced by Irish b'.

Verb

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b'

  1. Apocopic form of ba (to be)
    • 1867, “A YOLA ZONG”, in SONGS, ETC. IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, number 6, page 86:
      Yith w'had any lhuck, oor naame wode b' zung,
      If we had any luck, our name would have been sung
    • 1867, “A YOLA ZONG”, in SONGS, ETC. IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, number 7, page 86:
      Our eein wode b' mistern t' dearnt up ee skee.
      Our eyes would be dazzled to look up to the sky.

References

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  • Jacob Poole (d. 1827) (before 1828) William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, published 1867, page 86