English edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Amharic ራስ (ras). More at Etymology 2.

Noun edit

ras (plural rases)

  1. An Ethiopian king or prince.

Etymology 2 edit

From Arabic رأس (raʔs, head(land)). Doublet of ras (Etymology 1) above, as well as of resh; further related to reis.

Noun edit

ras (plural rases)

  1. A headland; a cape.
Usage notes edit

Chiefly found in proper names.

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin rāsus, perfect passive participle of rādere (scrape, shave). Cognate to Spanish raso.

Pronunciation edit

Participle edit

ras (feminine rasa, masculine plural rasos, feminine plural rases)

  1. past participle of raure

Adjective edit

ras (feminine rasa, masculine plural rasos, feminine plural rases)

  1. close-cropped, shorn
  2. smooth, flat, level
  3. level, full to the brim (of a container)
    una mesura rasa de farinaone level measure of flour

Noun edit

ras m (plural rasos)

  1. open country, the open
    al rasin the open

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Czech edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Noun edit

ras m anim

  1. a knacker, i.e. a person whose job it is to remove animal carcasses
    Synonym: pohodný
  2. a strict, cruel, even ruthless person
Declension edit

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

ras

  1. genitive plural of rasa

References edit

  • ras in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /raːs/, [ʁɑːˀs]

Verb edit

ras

  1. imperative of rase

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /rɑs/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ras
  • Rhymes: -ɑs

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowing from French race.

Noun edit

ras n (plural rassen, diminutive rasje n)

  1. race, breed
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Indonesian: ras

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle Dutch rasch, from Old Dutch *rasc, from Proto-Germanic *raskuz. Cognates include English rash, German rasch.

Adjective edit

ras (comparative rasser, superlative meest ras or rast)

  1. (dated) quick
    Synonyms: snel, vlug, rap, rad, kwiek, gezwind
    Het project vordert met rasse schreden.The project is advancing rapidly.
Inflection edit
Declension of ras
uninflected ras
inflected rasse
comparative rasser
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial ras rasser het rast
het raste
indefinite m./f. sing. rasse rassere raste
n. sing. ras rasser raste
plural rasse rassere raste
definite rasse rassere raste
partitive ras rassers
Derived terms edit

French edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old French rés (remodelled after raser), itself from Latin rāsus. Doublet of rez.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

ras (feminine rase, masculine plural ras, feminine plural rases)

  1. short
  2. close-cropped (of hair etc.)
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Amharic.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ras m (plural ras)

  1. ras

Further reading edit

Indonesian edit

 
Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology edit

From Dutch ras, from French race, from Middle French rasse "entirety of ancestors and descendants of the same family or people", from Italian razza (13th century), of uncertain origin (more at razza).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈras]
  • Hyphenation: ras

Noun edit

ras (plural ras-ras, first-person possessive rasku, second-person possessive rasmu, third-person possessive rasnya)

  1. race
    Synonym: rumpun bangsa

Further reading edit

Italian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Amharic ራስ (ras, head), from Proto-Semitic *raʾš- (head).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈras/
  • Rhymes: -as
  • Hyphenation: ràs

Noun edit

ras m (invariable)

  1. (historical) title of the second-highest grade in the hierarchy of the Ethiopian Empire; ras
  2. (figurative, derogatory) any small local authority who exercises power despotically
  3. a local boss of organized crime
  4. (historical) a Fascist party official

Synonyms edit

Related terms edit

See also edit

  • negus
  • degiac (ethiopian commander of a unit equivalent to a regiment, composed of two to three thousand men)

Lithuanian edit

Verb edit

ras

  1. third-person singular future of rasti
  2. third-person plural future of rasti

Malay edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Dutch ras, from French race, from Middle French rasse "entirety of ancestors and descendants of the same family or people", from Italian razza (13th century), of uncertain origin (more at razza).

Noun edit

ras (Jawi spelling رس, plural ras-ras, informal 1st possessive rasku, 2nd possessive rasmu, 3rd possessive rasnya)

  1. (anthropology) A race.
    Synonyms: keturunan, kaum, bangsa, puak, etnik
    ras CinaChinese race
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Onomatopoeic.

Noun edit

ras (Jawi spelling رس, informal 1st possessive rasku, 2nd possessive rasmu, 3rd possessive rasnya)

  1. (Onomatopoeia) The sound of dry leaves being used to brush.

Etymology 3 edit

From Hindi रास (rās) or Urdu راس (rās).

Noun edit

ras (Jawi spelling رس, plural ras-ras, informal 1st possessive rasku, 2nd possessive rasmu, 3rd possessive rasnya)

  1. The reins used by a horse rider to guide a horse.
    Synonym: kekang

Further reading edit

Maltese edit

Root
r-j-s
2 terms

Etymology edit

From Arabic رَأْس (raʔs). The word is masculine in standard Arabic, but the feminine is found in some dialects, so there is no need to assume influence by Sicilian testa (though this is not ruled out).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ras f (dual (obsolete) rasejn, plural rjus, diminutive rwajsa)

  1. (anatomy) head
  2. (measure word for livestock) a single animal
  3. beginning
  4. front part
  5. promontory, headland, cape
  6. chief, leader
  7. clove
    Synonym: sinna
  8. top
  9. intellect
  10. (in the plural) chapters

Derived terms edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse ras, compare with the verb rase.

Noun edit

ras n (definite singular raset, indefinite plural ras, definite plural rasa or rasene)

  1. an avalanche, landslide, landslip
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

ras

  1. imperative of rase

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse ras, compare with rase.

Noun edit

ras n (definite singular raset, indefinite plural ras, definite plural rasa)

  1. an avalanche, landslide, landslip

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

Polish edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ras

  1. genitive plural of rasa

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin rāsus.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

ras (past participle of rade)

  1. past participle of rade

Adjective edit

ras m or n (feminine singular rasă, masculine plural rași, feminine and neuter plural rase)

  1. shaved, shaven

Declension edit

Antonyms edit

Related terms edit

Russenorsk edit

Etymology edit

From Russian разъ (raz, a time) with a semantic change of unknown origin.

Noun edit

ras

  1. a day
    Nogli ras paa kastel ju stannom?
    How many days have you been in the jail?

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • Ingvild Broch, Ernst H. Jahr (1984) Russenorsk: Et pidginspråk i Norge [Russenorsk: A pidgin language in Norway], 2 edition, Oslo: Novus Forlag

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

Deverbal from rasar, from raso (level).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈras/ [ˈras]
  • Rhymes: -as
  • Syllabification: ras

Noun edit

ras m (plural rases)

  1. evenness, levelness

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Swedish edit

 
Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sv

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse rás (race), from Proto-Germanic *rēsō.

Noun edit

ras c

  1. a race (a large group of individuals of the same species set apart from others on the basis of a common heritage), a breed
    hundraserdog breeds
Declension edit
Declension of ras 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ras rasen raser raserna
Genitive ras rasens rasers rasernas
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Verbal noun of rasa. Compare Danish and Norwegian ras.

Noun edit

ras n

  1. a collapse (of a building)
  2. a mudslide (geological disaster)
  3. a cave in, a collapse inward or downward
  4. a fall (of stock market values)
  5. (archaic to obsolete) romp, frolic (lively play)
    • 1891, “Det var dans bort i vägen [There was a dance down the road]”, Gustaf Fröding (lyrics), Helfrid Lambert (music), performed by Sven-Ingvars:
      In i snåret av björkar och alar och hassel, var det viskande snack, det var tissel och tassel, bland de skymmande skuggorna där. Det var ras, det var lek över stockar och stenar, det var kutter och smek, under lummiga grenar. Vill du ha mig, så har du mig här!
      Into [sic] the thicket of birches and alders and hazel, there was whispered [whispering] chatter, there was tittling and tattling, among the obscuring shadows there. There was romp, there was play over logs and rocks, there was cooing and caressing, under leafy branches. If you want me, you have me here!
Declension edit
Declension of ras 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ras raset ras rasen
Genitive ras rasets ras rasens
Related terms edit

References edit

Anagrams edit

Welsh edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From English race.

Noun edit

ras f (plural rasys, not mutable)

  1. race (contest)
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun edit

ras

  1. Soft mutation of gras (grace).

Further reading edit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “ras”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies