English

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Middle English do, from Old English (female deer), from Proto-West Germanic *daijā, from Proto-Germanic *dajjǭ (female deer, mother deer), from Proto-Germanic *dajjaną (to suckle), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁(y)- (to suck (milk), to suckle).

Cognate with Scots da, dae (female deer), Alemannic German (doe), Danish (deer, doe), Sanskrit धेनु (dhenú, cow, milk-cow), Old English dēon (to suckle), Old English delu (teat). Related also to female, filial, fetus.

Noun

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doe (plural does)

  1. A female deer; also used of similar animals such as antelope (less commonly a goat, as nanny is also used).
    • 1923 October, Robert Frost, “[Grace Notes.] Two Look at Two.”, in New Hampshire [], New York, N.Y.: Henry Holt and Company, →OCLC, page 95:
      A doe from round a spruce stood looking at them
      Across the wall, as near the wall as they.
      She saw them in their field, they her in hers.
  2. A female rabbit.
  3. A female hare.
  4. A female squirrel.
  5. A female kangaroo.
Synonyms
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  • (female deer): hind (female red deer)
  • (female kangaroo): blue flyer (female red kangaroo)
Derived terms
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Translations
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The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2

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Verb

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doe (third-person singular simple present does, present participle doing or doth, simple past did or didde, past participle done)

  1. Obsolete spelling of do.
    • 1603, Michel de Montaigne, chapter 17, in John Florio, transl., The Essayes [], book II, London: [] Val[entine] Simmes for Edward Blount [], →OCLC:
      As salutations, reverences, or conges, by which some doe often purchase the honour, (but wrongfully) to be humble, lowly, and courteous [].
    • 1620, Mayflower Compact:
      [] a voyage to plant yͤ first colonie in yͤ Northerne parts of Virginia, doe by these presents solemnly & mutualy in yͤ presence of God []

Etymology 3

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Adverb

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doe (not comparable)

  1. (African-American Vernacular, MLE) though

Anagrams

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Dutch

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Verb

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doe

  1. inflection of doen:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. (dated or formal) singular present subjunctive
    3. imperative

Etymology 2

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From Middle Dutch doe.

Adverb

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doe

  1. (now dialectal) Alternative form of toen.

Conjunction

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doe

  1. (now dialectal) Alternative form of toen.

Anagrams

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Galician

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Verb

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doe

  1. inflection of doar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative
  2. inflection of doer:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Limburgish

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Middle Dutch du, from Old Dutch thū, from Proto-West Germanic *þū, from Proto-Germanic *þū.

Pronunciation

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Pronoun

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doe

  1. thou, you (singular)

Declension

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Lindu

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Noun

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doe

  1. end; tip

Middle Dutch

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Etymology 1

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From Old Dutch thuo, related to thie (that one).

Adverb

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doe

  1. then, at that time, at the time
  2. then, after that
Alternative forms
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Descendants
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  • Dutch: toen
  • Limburgish: doe

Conjunction

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doe

  1. when, at the time that
Alternative forms
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Descendants
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Etymology 2

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

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doe

  1. inflection of doen:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    3. singular imperative

Further reading

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Old Irish

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Etymology

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From Proto-Celtic *dowsants.[1]

Pronunciation

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Noun

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döe f (genitive doat, nominative plural doit)

  1. upper arm

Inflection

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Feminine nt-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative doe doitL doit
Vocative doe doitL doitea
Accusative doitN doitL doitea
Genitive doat doatL doatN
Dative doitL doitib doitib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants

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Mutation

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Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
doe doe
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
ndoe
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References

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  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) “*dowsant-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 103-104

Further reading

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Portuguese

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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doe

  1. inflection of doar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Welsh

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Etymology

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See ddoe (yesterday)

Adverb

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doe

  1. yesterday

West Frisian

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Etymology

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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Adverb

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doe

  1. then, at that time (which is presumably in the past)
    Doe, saken wienen net lykas no.
    Then, things were not like now.

Derived terms

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Further reading

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  • doe”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011