Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also: mir., mír, mìr, miR, Mir, and MIR

Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Russian [Term?] (union)

NounEdit

mir (plural mirs)

  1. A Russian village community.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of D. M. Wallace to this entry?)
    • R. Van Bergen, The Story of Russia, page 190:
      The mir was the only means to prevent this, and mir meant serfdom under another name. The landowners disposed of their land, or of so much as was required to support the peasants, not to individuals but to the mir.

AnagramsEdit


Alemannic GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Middle High German mir (we).

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

mir

  1. (personal) we
  2. (personal) dative singular of ich: (to) me

DeclensionEdit


GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (standard) IPA(key): /miːɐ̯/
  • (colloquially in unstressed position) IPA(key): /mɐ/, /mə/

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle High German mir (me), from Old High German mir (me), from Proto-Germanic *miz (me), from Proto-Indo-European *(e)me-, *(e)me-n- (me). Cognate with Old English (me). More at me.

PronounEdit

mir

  1. (personal) dative of ich: me, to me:
    Er gab es mir.
    He gave it to me.

Derived termsEdit

  • mirs (it to me) (contraction of mir es)

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle High German mir (we). The form originated through assimilation of wir with a preceding verb form and subsequent unetymological segmentation. This is possibly already an Old High German development, since a common Old High German ending of the 1st person plural was -em, thus bittēm wir*bittē-mir (modern bitten wir (ask we, do we ask)). The contraction as such is definitely old, though the common form of assimilation, both in written Old High German and written Middle High German, is through loss of the nasal: bittē wir. The form with mir may either be a younger development in Middle High German, or a more colloquial form that only later appeared in writing. Older age is suggested by the great dominance of mir throughout modern dialects of High German. Compare Yiddish מיר (mir), Luxembourgish mir.

PronounEdit

mir

  1. (regional, dialectal or colloquial) Alternative form of wir (we)
Usage notesEdit
  • The form is not common in those parts of northern Germany where Low German dialects have traditionally been spoken.

Further readingEdit

  • mir in Duden online

German Low GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • meer (Dialects other than specified below)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /miːæ̯/ (Mecklenburg, Pomerania)
  • IPA(key): /miːə̯/ (Holstein, Lower Saxony, northern Brandenburg)
  • IPA(key): /miːr/ (southern Brandenburg)

AdjectiveEdit

comparative degree of vęl

  1. (Mecklenburgisch, Western Pomeranian, some Northern Low Saxon, parts of Brandenburg) more

NumeralEdit

comparative degree of vęl

  1. (Mecklenburgisch, Western Pomeranian, some Northern Low Saxon, parts of Brandenburg) more

IrishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

mir

  1. inflection of mear:
    1. vocative and genitive masculine singular
    2. (archaic) dative feminine singular

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
mir mhir not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

LimburgishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (most dialects) IPA(key): /mɪr/
  • (Maastricht) IPA(key): /mir/

PronounEdit

mir

  1. (personal, obsolete) dative of ich: me, to me
    Mir gaaf t'r 't.He gave it to me.

See alsoEdit


LojbanEdit

RafsiEdit

mir

  1. rafsi of minra (to reflect).

LuxembourgishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • mer (unstressed)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /miːʀ/, [miːə̯]

Etymology 1Edit

From Old High German mir.

PronounEdit

mir

  1. first-person singular, dative: me, to me
    Dat brauchs de mir net ze erklären.
    You don’t have to explain that to me.

Etymology 2Edit

From Old High German wir through assimilation with a preceding verb ending (-n w- > -m-) and subsequent unetymological segmentation. See German mir (etymology 2) for the details. Compare also Luxembourgish dir (you), in which a similar development took place.

PronounEdit

mir

  1. first-person plural, nominative: we
    Mir hu véier Hausdéieren.We have four pets.

DeclensionEdit


MeriamEdit

NounEdit

mir

  1. word
  2. language

Middle High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German mir (me), from Proto-Germanic *miz (me), from Proto-Indo-European *(e)me-, *(e)me-n- (me). Cognate with Old English (me). More at me.

PronounEdit

mir

  1. me: dative singular of ich

DescendantsEdit


RomanianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Greek μύρον (mýron), partly through the Slavic intermediate miro. Compare also Aromanian mir.

NounEdit

mir n (plural miruri)

  1. chrism
  2. unction
  3. holy oil
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

mir

  1. first-person singular present tense form of mira.
  2. first-person singular subjunctive form of mira.

RomanschEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin mūrus.

NounEdit

mir m (plural mirs)

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan) exterior wall
Alternative formsEdit
Related termsEdit
  • paraid (Rumantsch Grischun, Puter, Vallader)
  • preit (Sursilvan)
  • pare (Sutsilvan, Surmiran)

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin murem, the accusative singular form of mūs (mouse).

NounEdit

mir f (plural mirs)

  1. (Sutsilvan) mouse
Alternative formsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *mirъ (peace; world).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mȋr m (Cyrillic spelling ми̑р)

  1. peace
    Nobelova nagrada za mirNobel peace prize
    centar grada je oaza mira i zelenilacity center is an oasis of peace and greenery
    mirovna konferencijapeace conference
  2. calm, tranquility
    ostavi me na miru!leave me alone!
    pusti me na miru!leave me alone!

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


SloveneEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *mirъ (peace; world).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mír m inan (genitive mirú or míra, uncountable)

  1. peace (tranquility, quiet, harmony)

DeclensionEdit


TolaiEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronounEdit

mir

  1. First-person exclusive dual pronoun: he/she and I, him/her and me

DeclensionEdit



VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Russian мир (mir).

NounEdit

mir

  1. world

InflectionEdit

Inflection of mir
nominative sing. mir
genitive sing. mirun
partitive sing. mirud
partitive plur. miruid
singular plural
nominative mir mirud
accusative mirun mirud
genitive mirun miruiden
partitive mirud miruid
essive-instructive mirun miruin
translative miruks miruikš
inessive mirus miruiš
elative miruspäi miruišpäi
illative  ? miruihe
adessive mirul miruil
ablative mirulpäi miruilpäi
allative mirule miruile
abessive miruta miruita
comitative mirunke miruidenke
prolative mirudme miruidme
approximative I mirunno miruidenno
approximative II mirunnoks miruidennoks
egressive mirunnopäi miruidennopäi
terminative I  ? miruihesai
terminative II mirulesai miruilesai
terminative III mirussai
additive I  ? miruihepäi
additive II mirulepäi miruilepäi

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “мир, свет”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika