See also: mir., miř, mír, mìr, miR, Mir, and MIR

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Russian мир (mir, community, village commune; peace; world).

NounEdit

mir (plural mirs)

  1. (now historical) A traditional village community in Imperial Russia, charaterised by self-government and collectivist control of local lands. [from 19th c.]
    • 1878, Donald Mackenzie Wallace, Russia, volumes 1-3, page 179:
      [T]he constitution of the village [] was a subject which specially interested me, because I was aware that the Mir is the most peculiar of Russian institutions.
    • R. Van Bergen, The Story of Russia, page 190:
      The mir was the only means to prevent this, and mir meant serfdom under another name. The landowners disposed of their land, or of so much as was required to support the peasants, not to individuals but to the mir.
    • 2007, Tim Blanning, The Pursuit of Glory, Penguin 2008, p. 169:
      Consisting of village elders elected by the male heads of household, the mir conducted almost all peasant business, fixing the dates for the agricultural year, deciding what, when and how crops should be grown, distributing plots of land on the open fields, collecting taxes and enforcing basic community discipline.

AnagramsEdit


Alemannic GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German mir (we).

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

mir

  1. (personal) we
  2. (personal) dative singular of ich: (to) me

DeclensionEdit


BavarianEdit

PronounEdit

mir

  1. Alternative spelling of mia (me, dative)
  2. Alternative spelling of mia (we)

GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (standard) IPA(key): /miːɐ̯/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːɐ̯
  • (colloquially in unstressed position) IPA(key): /mɐ/, /mə/

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle High German mir (me), from Old High German mir (me), from Proto-Germanic *miz (me), from Proto-Indo-European *(e)me-, *(e)me-n- (me). Cognate with Old English (me). More at me.

PronounEdit

mir

  1. (personal) dative of ich: me, to me:
    Er gab es mir.
    He gave it to me.
Derived termsEdit
  • mirs (it to me)

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle High German mir (we). The form originated through assimilation of wir with a preceding verb form and subsequent unetymological segmentation. This is possibly already an Old High German development, since a common Old High German ending of the 1st person plural was -em, thus bittēm wir*bittē-mir (modern bitten wir (ask we, do we ask)). The contraction as such is definitely old, though the common form of assimilation, both in written Old High German and written Middle High German, is through loss of the nasal: bittē wir. The form with mir may either be a younger development in Middle High German, or a more colloquial form that only later appeared in writing. Older age is suggested by the great dominance of mir throughout modern dialects of High German. Compare Yiddish מיר(mir), Luxembourgish mir. Compare also Old Norse mit (we two), Norwegian Nynorsk me (we).

PronounEdit

mir

  1. (dialectal or colloquial) Alternative form of wir (we)
    • 16th century / 1874, Alsfelder Passionsspiel mit Wörterbuch herausgegeben von C. W. M. Grein, p. 13 l. 458f. [note: the text also has mer for 1st person plural nominative]:
      Mir willen widder in die helle,
      Die armen sele siden und quellen.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
Usage notesEdit
  • The form is not common in those parts of northern Germany where Low German dialects have traditionally been spoken.

Further readingEdit

  • mir” in Duden online
  • mir” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

German Low GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • meer (some dialects)
  • mehr (some dialects, including Münsterländisch)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /miːæ̯/ (Mecklenburg, Pomerania)
  • IPA(key): /miːə̯/ (Holstein, Lower Saxony, northern Brandenburg)
  • IPA(key): /miːr/ (southern Brandenburg)

AdjectiveEdit

mir

  1. (Mecklenburgisch, Western Pomeranian, some Northern Low Saxon, parts of Brandenburg) comparative degree of vęl; more

IrishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

mir

  1. inflection of mear:
    1. vocative/genitive masculine singular
    2. (archaic) dative feminine singular

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
mir mhir not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

LimburgishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (most dialects) IPA(key): /mɪr/
  • (Maastricht) IPA(key): /mir/

PronounEdit

mir

  1. (personal, obsolete) dative of ich: me, to me
    Mir gaaf t'r 't.He gave it to me.

See alsoEdit


LuxembourgishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • mer (unstressed)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /miːr/, [miə̯], [ˈmiː.ɐ]

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle High German mir.

PronounEdit

mir

  1. first-person singular, dative: me, to me
    Dat brauchs de mir net ze erklären.
    You don’t have to explain that to me.

Etymology 2Edit

From Old High German wir through assimilation with a preceding verb ending (-n w- > -m-) and subsequent unetymological segmentation. See German mir (etymology 2) for the details. Compare also Luxembourgish dir (you), in which a similar development took place.

PronounEdit

mir

  1. first-person plural, nominative: we
    Mir hu véier Hausdéieren.
    We have four pets.

DeclensionEdit


MarshalleseEdit

EtymologyEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

mir

  1. red, of reddish coconuts or the sky

NounEdit

mir

  1. the color red, of reddish coconuts or the sky

ReferencesEdit


MeriamEdit

NounEdit

mir

  1. word
  2. language

Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

mir

  1. Alternative form of mirre

Middle High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German mir (me), from Proto-West Germanic *miʀ, from Proto-Germanic *miz (me), from Proto-Indo-European *(e)me-, *(e)me-n- (me). Cognate with Old English (me). More at me.

PronounEdit

mir

  1. me: dative singular of ich

DescendantsEdit

  • Alemannic German: mir, mer
  • Bavarian:
    Cimbrian: miar
    Mòcheno: mer
  • Central Franconian:
    Hunsrik: meer, mer
  • German: mir
  • Luxembourgish: mir, meer
  • Yiddish: מיר(mir)

Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Russian мир (mir, peace, world).[1]

NounEdit

mir m (definite singular miren, indefinite plural mirer, definite plural mirene)

  1. (historical) a mir

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “mir” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).

AnagramsEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Russian мир (mir, peace, world).[1]

NounEdit

mir m (definite singular miren, indefinite plural mirar, definite plural mirane)

  1. (historical) a mir

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “mir” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

AnagramsEdit


Old High GermanEdit

PronounEdit

mir

  1. dative singular of ih

Pennsylvania GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German mir. Compare German mir.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

mir

  1. to me
  2. we

DeclensionEdit


PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Inherited from Old Polish mir, mier, from Proto-Slavic *mirъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *meiˀrás, from Proto-Indo-European *mey(H)-ró-s.

NounEdit

mir m inan

  1. (dated) respect (admiration for a person or entity because of perceived merit)
    Synonyms: poważanie, szacunek
  2. (dated) peace (absence of conflict, violence, or war)
    Synonyms: pokój, zgoda
  3. (historical, law) special protection granted by a monarch to certain individuals or places
  4. (historical) mir, obshchina (peasant village community as opposed to individual farmsteads, or khutors, in Imperial Russia)
    Synonym: obszczina
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

NounEdit

mir f

  1. genitive plural of mira

Further readingEdit

  • mir in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • mir in Polish dictionaries at PWN

RomanianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Old Church Slavonic мѵро (müro), from Ancient Greek μύρον (múron). Compare also Aromanian mir.

NounEdit

mir n (plural miruri)

  1. chrism
  2. unction
  3. holy oil
DeclensionEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

mir

  1. first-person singular present indicative/subjunctive of mira

RomanschEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin mūrus.

NounEdit

mir m (plural mirs)

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan) exterior wall
Alternative formsEdit
Related termsEdit
  • paraid (Rumantsch Grischun, Puter, Vallader)
  • preit (Sursilvan)
  • pare (Sutsilvan, Surmiran)

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin murem, the accusative singular form of mūs (mouse).

NounEdit

mir f (plural mirs)

  1. (Sutsilvan) mouse
Alternative formsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *mirъ (peace; world), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *meiˀrás, from Proto-Indo-European *mey(H)-ró-s.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mȋr m (Cyrillic spelling ми̑р)

  1. peace
    • 1996, United Nations, “Universal Declaration of Human Rights - Serbian”, in UDHR in Unicode[1]:
      Pošto je priznavanje urođenog dostojanstva i jednakih i neotuđivih prava svih članova ljudske porodice temelj slobode, pravde i mira u svetu;
      Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,
    Nobelova nagrada za mirNobel peace prize
    centar grada je oaza mira i zelenilacity center is an oasis of peace and greenery
    mirovna konferencijapeace conference
  2. calm, tranquility
    ostavi me na miru!leave me alone!
    pusti me na miru!leave me alone!

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


SloveneEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *mirъ (peace; world).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mȋr m inan

  1. peace (tranquility, quiet, harmony)

InflectionEdit

Masculine inan., hard o-stem, mobile accent
nominative mír
genitive mirú
singular
nominative mír
accusative mír
genitive mirú
dative míru
locative míru
instrumental mírom
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nominative mír
genitive míra
singular
nominative mír
accusative mír
genitive míra
dative míru
locative míru
instrumental mírom

TolaiEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronounEdit

mir

  1. First-person exclusive dual pronoun: he/she and I, him/her and me

DeclensionEdit



VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Russian мир (mir).

NounEdit

mir

  1. world

InflectionEdit

Inflection of mir
nominative sing. mir
genitive sing. mirun
partitive sing. mirud
partitive plur. miruid
singular plural
nominative mir mirud
accusative mirun mirud
genitive mirun miruiden
partitive mirud miruid
essive-instructive mirun miruin
translative miruks miruikš
inessive mirus miruiš
elative miruspäi miruišpäi
illative ? miruihe
adessive mirul miruil
ablative mirulpäi miruilpäi
allative mirule miruile
abessive miruta miruita
comitative mirunke miruidenke
prolative mirudme miruidme
approximative I mirunno miruidenno
approximative II mirunnoks miruidennoks
egressive mirunnopäi miruidennopäi
terminative I ? miruihesai
terminative II mirulesai miruilesai
terminative III mirussai
additive I ? miruihepäi
additive II mirulepäi miruilepäi

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “мир, свет”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika