HungarianEdit

 
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Chemical element
Sn
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EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Uralic *wolnɜ (tin).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ ˈoːn]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -oːn

NounEdit

ón (plural ónok)

  1. tin (symbol: Sn)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative ón ónok
accusative ónt ónokat
dative ónnak ónoknak
instrumental ónnal ónokkal
causal-final ónért ónokért
translative ónná ónokká
terminative ónig ónokig
essive-formal ónként ónokként
essive-modal
inessive ónban ónokban
superessive ónon ónokon
adessive ónnál ónoknál
illative ónba ónokba
sublative ónra ónokra
allative ónhoz ónokhoz
elative ónból ónokból
delative ónról ónokról
ablative óntól ónoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
óné ónoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
ónéi ónokéi
Possessive forms of ón
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. ónom ónjaim
2nd person sing. ónod ónjaid
3rd person sing. ónja ónjai
1st person plural ónunk ónjaink
2nd person plural ónotok ónjaitok
3rd person plural ónjuk ónjaik

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • ón in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.

IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

ContractionEdit

ón (triggers eclipsis or lenition depending on dialect)

  1. Contraction of ó + an: (from the).
    ón abhainnfrom the river

Alternative formsEdit

Related termsEdit

PrepositionEdit

ón

  1. (dialectal) Alternative form of ó (from, since)

Usage notesEdit

This form is found only before bhur (your pl) and is not part of the standard written language. In older texts, ón bhur may also be spelled ó nbhur.


Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From ṡón, the lenited form of són.

PronounEdit

ón

  1. clitic form of sodain
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 21d3
      Niba dimicthe-se libsi cía·béo i fochidib, ar [is] gloria dúibsi ón
      I should not be despised by you although I may be in sufferings: for this is glory to you
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 114b18
      nád fil nech con·gné fris ón acht Día
      that there is no one to help him but God
  2. (adverbial use) so, thus
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 117b9
      di·taam-ni .i. dechrigmir-ni ón
      We stand apart i.e. we differ thus

Etymology 2Edit

Univerbation of úa (from/of/by) +‎ in (the, dative singular)

ArticleEdit

ón

  1. from/of/by the (dative singular)

Etymology 3Edit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

ón f (genitive ónae)

  1. verbal noun of oidid: loan, lending

Usage notesEdit

Often used to contrast with airlicud, with the implication that while an airlicud charges interest, an ón is interest-free.

InflectionEdit

Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ónL óinL ónaH
Vocative ónL óinL ónaH
Accusative óinN óinL ónaH
Genitive ónaeH ónL ónN
Dative óinL ónaib ónaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ón unchanged n-ón
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old NorseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *wēniz.

NounEdit

ón f

  1. hope, expectation

DeclensionEdit