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ItalianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • li (archaic)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): (before a consonant) /ʎi/, (before a vowel) /ʎ/

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin illī (nominative masculine plural of ille).

ArticleEdit

Italian Definite Articles
singular plural
masculine il
lo/l'
i
gli
feminine  la/l' le

gli m pl (singular lo)

  1. Form of the article i (the) used before a vowel, impure s, gn, pn, ps, x, y, and z, and also with the plural noun dei (gods); the
    gli alberithe trees
    gli studentithe students
    gli gnomithe gnomes
    gli pneumaticithe tires
    gli xilofonithe xylophones
    gli yogurtthe yogurts
    gli zainithe backpacks
    gli deithe gods

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin illī (dative masculine singular of ille).

PronounEdit

gli m (plural gli)

  1. (dative) him, to him; it; to it
    Gli parlo.I talk to him.
Usage notesEdit
  • Becomes glie when followed by a third-person direct-object clitic pronoun (lo, la, li, le, or ne).

Etymology 3Edit

From Latin illī (dative feminine singular of ille).

PronounEdit

gli f (plural gli)

  1. (dative, informal) her, to her
    • ca. 1349-1353, Giovanni Boccaccio, The Decameron, Tommaso Edlin (1725), page 98:
      […] ne prima altro fece, che ella s’ingegnò di veder Beltramo, & appreſſo nel coſpetto del Re venuta di gratia chieſe, che la ſua infermita gli moſtraſſe.
      Before aught else she studied to see Bertrand and next, presenting herself before the king, she prayed him of his favour to show her his ailment.
    Synonym: le
    Ho detto a Gianna che gli telefono domani.
    I told Gianna I'd call her tomorrow.
Usage notesEdit
  • Becomes glie when followed by a third-person direct-object clitic pronoun (lo, la, li, le, or ne).
  • Although historically attested and etymologically justifiable (from illī f sg) this form is still considered informal.[1]

Etymology 4Edit

From Latin illīs (dative plural of ille).

PronounEdit

gli m pl or f pl

  1. (dative) them, to them
    Gli parlerò.I'll talk to them.
Usage notesEdit
  • Becomes glie when followed by a third-person direct-object clitic pronoun (lo, la, li, le, or ne).
Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana (2012), “gli o le?”, in La grammatica italiana[1]

Norwegian NynorskEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German gliden

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

gli (imperative gli, present tense glir, simple past glei, past participle glidd or glitt or glide)

  1. to slip (to lose one's traction on a slippery surface)
    Han glei på isen.
    He slipped on the ice.
  2. to glide (to move effortlessly)
    Skia glir godt.
    The skis glide well.

ReferencesEdit