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ItalianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • li (archaic)

EtymologyEdit

From earlier li, from Latin illī (nominative plural and dative singular of ille).[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): (before a consonant) /ʎi/, (before a vowel) /ʎ/

ArticleEdit

Italian Definite Articles
singular plural
masculine il
lo/l'
i
gli
feminine  la/l' le

gli m pl (singular lo)

  1. Form of the article i (the) used before a vowel, impure s, gn, pn, ps, x, and z, and also with the plural noun dei (gods); the
    gli alberithe trees
    gli studentithe students
    gli gnomithe gnomes
    gli zainithe backpacks

PronounEdit

gli m (female le, plural gli)

  1. (dative) him, to him; it; to it
    Gli parlo.I talk to him.

Usage notesEdit

  • Only elides before a following i.
  • Becomes glie when followed by a third person direct object clitic (lo, la, li, le, or ne).

PronounEdit

gli f

  1. (dative, informal, nonstandard) her, to her
    Synonym: le
    Ho detto a Gianna che gli telefono domani.
    I told Gianna I'd call her tomorrow.

Usage notesEdit

Frequently replacing the regular form le in informal communication.

PronounEdit

gli m pl, f pl

  1. (dative) them, to them
    Synonym: loro (formal)
    Gli parlerò.I'll talk to them.

Usage notesEdit

  • In formal speech and writing the alternative form loro (to them) is preferred.
  • Becomes glie when followed by a third person direct object clitic (lo, la, li, le, or ne).

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Patota, Giuseppe (2002) Lineamenti di grammatica storica dell'italiano (in Italian), Bologna: il Mulino, →ISBN, page 126

Norwegian NynorskEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German gliden

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

gli (imperative gli, present tense glir, simple past glei, past participle glidd or glitt or glide)

  1. to slip (to lose one's traction on a slippery surface)
    Han glei på isen.
    He slipped on the ice.
  2. to glide (to move effortlessly)
    Skia glir godt.
    The skis glide well.

ReferencesEdit