See also: Sine, Síne, síně, Sìne, sìne, -sine, and SINE

EnglishEdit

 
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Sine function

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin sinus (bosom), a translation of Arabic جَيْب(jayb, bosom), a misidentification of the notation جب (jb), written without vowel diacritics, standing for Arabic جِيبَ(jība, sine), in turn from Sanskrit ज्या (jyā, sine, chord, bowstring) through the similar Sanskrit जीव (jīva, sine, chord, life, existence). Doublet of sinus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sine (plural sines)

  1. (trigonometry, mathematics) In a right triangle, the ratio of the length of the side opposite an angle to the length of the hypotenuse.

Usage notesEdit

In various branches of mathematics, the sine of an angle is determined in various ways, including the following:

  • The y-coordinate of the point on the unit circle at the given anticlockwise angle from the positive x-axis.
  • The sum of the real or complex power series

          

    where x is in radians.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


CebuanoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Apocope of English cinema, from French cinéma, shortening of cinématographe (term coined by the Lumière brothers in the 1890s), from the Ancient Greek κίνημα (kínēma, movement) + the French suffix -graphe.

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: si‧ne

NounEdit

sine

  1. (dated) a cinema; a movie theater
  2. a movie; a film

QuotationsEdit

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:sine.

Derived termsEdit


DanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /siːnə/, [ˈsiːnə], [ˌsiːnə]

PronounEdit

sine

  1. plural of sin

See alsoEdit


FinnishEdit

(index si)

EtymologyEdit

sini +‎ -e

NounEdit

 
Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

sine

  1. bluing (blue pigment used for coloring clothes when washing)
  2. blueprint (paper-based reproduction usually of a technical drawing), diazo print, ammonia print

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of sine (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
nominative sine sineet
genitive sineen sineiden
sineitten
partitive sinettä sineitä
illative sineeseen sineisiin
sineihin
singular plural
nominative sine sineet
accusative nom. sine sineet
gen. sineen
genitive sineen sineiden
sineitten
partitive sinettä sineitä
inessive sineessä sineissä
elative sineestä sineistä
illative sineeseen sineisiin
sineihin
adessive sineellä sineillä
ablative sineeltä sineiltä
allative sineelle sineille
essive sineenä sineinä
translative sineeksi sineiksi
instructive sinein
abessive sineettä sineittä
comitative sineineen
Possessive forms of sine (type hame)
possessor singular plural
1st person sineeni sineemme
2nd person sineesi sineenne
3rd person sineensä

AnagramsEdit


IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish sine, siniu, comparative form of sen (old).

AdjectiveEdit

sine

  1. comparative degree of sean: older

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish sine (teat, dug, pap), from Proto-Celtic *sɸenyos, from Proto-Indo-European *pstḗn. Cognate with Old Norse speni (teat), English spean (teat (of a cow)).

NounEdit

sine f (genitive singular sine, nominative plural siní)

  1. nipple
DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
sine shine
after an, tsine
not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

The function of this preposition was previously done with the use of sē, sēd (see sē-, sed), from Proto-Indo-European *swé (self), thus meaning "by itself", "without". Some still refer the si- in sine to this root, others refer it to Proto-Indo-European *só (this), whence si (if). And as sometimes nesi was also written, with -ne being (not), sine might literally mean "not this". Compare with nisi.

Others yet refer sine to Proto-Indo-European *seni (for oneself, without), itself maybe related to *swé or a locative of *senH. Thus cognate with Ancient Greek ἄτερ (áter, without), Old English sundor.

PrepositionEdit

sine (+ ablative)

  1. without
    Sum sine regno.
    I am without a kingdom.
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Catalan: sense
  • Franco-Provençal: sen
  • French: sans
  • Friulian: cence
  • English: sans

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

sine

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of sinō

Middle DutchEdit

DeterminerEdit

sine

  1. inflection of sijn:
    1. feminine nominative/accusative singular
    2. nominative/accusative plural

NeapolitanEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsinɛ/, /ˈsinɐ/

ParticleEdit

sine

  1. yes

Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse sínir.

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

sine pl

  1. plural of sin

ReferencesEdit

  • “sin” in The Bokmål Dictionary / The Nynorsk Dictionary.

See alsoEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse sínir.

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

sine pl

  1. plural of sin

ReferencesEdit


Old FrenchEdit

NounEdit

sine m (oblique plural sines, nominative singular sines, nominative plural sine)

  1. Alternative form of cisne

NounEdit

sine m (oblique plural sines, nominative singular sines, nominative plural sine)

  1. Alternative form of signe

Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *sɸenyos, itself from Proto-Indo-European *pstḗn.

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): /sʲi.nʲe/

NounEdit

sine m

  1. nipple, teat

InflectionEdit

Usual declension:

Masculine io-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative sine sineL siniL
Vocative sini sineL siniu
Accusative sineN sineL siniuH
Genitive siniL sineL sineN
Dative siniuL sinib sinib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

A variant dental-stem declension can also be found.

Masculine d-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative sine sinidL, sine sinid
Vocative sine sinidL, sine sineda
Accusative sinidN sinidL, sine sineda
Genitive sined sined sinedN
Dative sinidL sinedaib sinedaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

DescendantsEdit

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
sine ṡine unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sine

  1. inflection of siny:
    1. neuter nominative/accusative/vocative singular
    2. nonvirile nominative/accusative/vocative plural

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin , as with mine, tine.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

sine (stressed reflexive-accusative form of el, ea, ei, and ele)

  1. (direct object, preceded by preposition, such as "pe", "cu", "la", or "pentru") himself, herself, itself, themselves

SynonymsEdit

  • se (unstressed form)

Scottish GaelicEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish sine (teat, dug, pap), from Proto-Celtic *sɸenyos, from Proto-Indo-European *pstḗn. Cognate with Old Norse speni (teat), English spean (teat (of a cow)).

NounEdit

sine f (genitive singular sine, plural sinean)

  1. (anatomy) nipple, teat

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from English gin.

NounEdit

sine f

  1. gin (drink)

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Irish sine (old age, seniority, antiquity), from sen (old).

NounEdit

sine f

  1. oldness
  2. old age

Etymology 4Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

AdjectiveEdit

sine

  1. comparative degree of sean (old)

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
sine shine
after "an", t-sine
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


WestrobothnianEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

sine n sg

  1. (possessive pronoun): dative neuter singular of sänn

DeclensionEdit

Possessive pronoun
 Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter   
 Nominative   sänn   si   sätt
 Accusative  (säänn)   siin
 Dative   sinom   sännar   sine
 Plural Masculine Feminine Neuter   
 Nominative   siin   siin   siin
 Accusative
 Dative   sinom   sinom   sinom