English edit

 
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Sine function

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin sinus (curve, bend; bosom), a translation of Arabic جَيْب (jayb, bosom), a misidentification of the notation جيب (j-y-b), written without vowel diacritics, standing for Arabic جِيبَ (jība, sine), in turn from Sanskrit ज्या (jyā, sine, chord, bowstring) through the similar Sanskrit जीव (jīva, sine, chord, life, existence). Doublet of sinus.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

sine (plural sines)

  1. (trigonometry, mathematics) In a right triangle, the ratio of the length of the side opposite an angle to the length of the hypotenuse.

Usage notes edit

In various branches of mathematics, the sine of an angle is determined in various ways, including the following:

Synonyms edit

Coordinate terms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Translations edit

See also edit

etymologically unrelated multiword terms containing "sine"

Anagrams edit

Ainu edit

Ainu cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sine
    Ordinal : sine ikinne

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

sine (Kana spelling シネ)

  1. one

Bikol Central edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Spanish cine, from a clipping of Spanish cinema, a reduction of Spanish cinematógrafo, from French cinématographe.

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: si‧ne
  • IPA(key): /ˈsine/, [ˈsi.n̪e]

Noun edit

síne

  1. cinema
  2. movie, show
    Synonyms: pelikula, pasali

Derived terms edit

Cebuano edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Spanish cine, from Clipping of Spanish cinema, a reduction of Spanish cinematógrafo, from French cinématographe.

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: si‧ne

Noun edit

sine

  1. film; movie
  2. (dated) cinema; movie theater

Quotations edit

Derived terms edit

Danish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /siːnə/, [ˈsiːnə], [ˌsiːnə]

Pronoun edit

sine

  1. plural of sin

See also edit

Finnish edit

 
Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

Etymology edit

sini +‎ -e

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsineˣ/, [ˈs̠ine̞(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -ine
  • Syllabification(key): si‧ne

Noun edit

sine

  1. bluing (blue pigment used for coloring clothes when washing)
  2. blueprint (paper-based reproduction usually of a technical drawing)

Declension edit

Inflection of sine (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
nominative sine sineet
genitive sineen sineiden
sineitten
partitive sinettä sineitä
illative sineeseen sineisiin
sineihin
singular plural
nominative sine sineet
accusative nom. sine sineet
gen. sineen
genitive sineen sineiden
sineitten
partitive sinettä sineitä
inessive sineessä sineissä
elative sineestä sineistä
illative sineeseen sineisiin
sineihin
adessive sineellä sineillä
ablative sineeltä sineiltä
allative sineelle sineille
essive sineenä sineinä
translative sineeksi sineiksi
abessive sineettä sineittä
instructive sinein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of sine (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative sineeni sineeni
accusative nom. sineeni sineeni
gen. sineeni
genitive sineeni sineideni
sineitteni
partitive sinettäni sineitäni
inessive sineessäni sineissäni
elative sineestäni sineistäni
illative sineeseeni sineisiini
sineihini
adessive sineelläni sineilläni
ablative sineeltäni sineiltäni
allative sineelleni sineilleni
essive sineenäni sineinäni
translative sineekseni sineikseni
abessive sineettäni sineittäni
instructive
comitative sineineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative sineesi sineesi
accusative nom. sineesi sineesi
gen. sineesi
genitive sineesi sineidesi
sineittesi
partitive sinettäsi sineitäsi
inessive sineessäsi sineissäsi
elative sineestäsi sineistäsi
illative sineeseesi sineisiisi
sineihisi
adessive sineelläsi sineilläsi
ablative sineeltäsi sineiltäsi
allative sineellesi sineillesi
essive sineenäsi sineinäsi
translative sineeksesi sineiksesi
abessive sineettäsi sineittäsi
instructive
comitative sineinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative sineemme sineemme
accusative nom. sineemme sineemme
gen. sineemme
genitive sineemme sineidemme
sineittemme
partitive sinettämme sineitämme
inessive sineessämme sineissämme
elative sineestämme sineistämme
illative sineeseemme sineisiimme
sineihimme
adessive sineellämme sineillämme
ablative sineeltämme sineiltämme
allative sineellemme sineillemme
essive sineenämme sineinämme
translative sineeksemme sineiksemme
abessive sineettämme sineittämme
instructive
comitative sineinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative sineenne sineenne
accusative nom. sineenne sineenne
gen. sineenne
genitive sineenne sineidenne
sineittenne
partitive sinettänne sineitänne
inessive sineessänne sineissänne
elative sineestänne sineistänne
illative sineeseenne sineisiinne
sineihinne
adessive sineellänne sineillänne
ablative sineeltänne sineiltänne
allative sineellenne sineillenne
essive sineenänne sineinänne
translative sineeksenne sineiksenne
abessive sineettänne sineittänne
instructive
comitative sineinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative sineensä sineensä
accusative nom. sineensä sineensä
gen. sineensä
genitive sineensä sineidensä
sineittensä
partitive sinettään
sinettänsä
sineitään
sineitänsä
inessive sineessään
sineessänsä
sineissään
sineissänsä
elative sineestään
sineestänsä
sineistään
sineistänsä
illative sineeseensä sineisiinsä
sineihinsä
adessive sineellään
sineellänsä
sineillään
sineillänsä
ablative sineeltään
sineeltänsä
sineiltään
sineiltänsä
allative sineelleen
sineellensä
sineilleen
sineillensä
essive sineenään
sineenänsä
sineinään
sineinänsä
translative sineekseen
sineeksensä
sineikseen
sineiksensä
abessive sineettään
sineettänsä
sineittään
sineittänsä
instructive
comitative sineineen
sineinensä

Anagrams edit

Irish edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Irish sine, siniu, comparative form of sen (old).[3]

Adjective edit

sine

  1. comparative degree of sean: older

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Irish sine (teat, dug, pap), from Proto-Celtic *sɸenyos, from Proto-Indo-European *pstḗn. Cognate with Old Norse speni (teat), English spean (teat (of a cow)).[4]

Noun edit

sine f (genitive singular sine, nominative plural siní)

  1. nipple
Declension edit
Derived terms edit

Mutation edit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
sine shine
after an, tsine
not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References edit

  1. ^ Sjoestedt, M. L. (1931) Phonétique d’un parler irlandais de Kerry (in French), Paris: Librairie Ernest Leroux, page 57
  2. ^ Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, page 90
  3. ^ G. Toner, M. Ní Mhaonaigh, S. Arbuthnot, D. Wodtko, M.-L. Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “1 sine”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language
  4. ^ G. Toner, M. Ní Mhaonaigh, S. Arbuthnot, D. Wodtko, M.-L. Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “3 sine”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

Further reading edit

Latin edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

The function of this preposition was previously done with the use of sē, sēd (see sē-, sed), from Proto-Indo-European *swé (self), thus meaning "by itself", "without". Some still refer the si- in sine to this root, others refer it to Proto-Indo-European *só (this), whence si (if). And as sometimes nesi was also written, with -ne being (not), sine might literally mean "not this". Compare with nisi.

Yet others refer sine to Proto-Indo-European *sen(H)i (for oneself, without), itself possibly related to *swé or more likely a locative of *senH-.[1] Thus cognate with Ancient Greek ᾰ̓́νευ (áneu), ἄτερ (áter, without), Old English sundor; compare especially Tocharian B snai and Old Irish sain (separated, different) (Proto-Celtic *sanis), which may reflect the original PIE adverb.

The ablative is from a PIE ablative of separation or a comitative-instrumental analogous to cum. Compare Sanskrit विना (vinā).

Preposition edit

sine (+ ablative)

  1. without
    Sum sine rēgnō.
    I am without a kingdom.
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit

References edit

  1. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013) “snai”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, pages 779–781

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

sine

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of sinō

Middle Dutch edit

Determiner edit

sine

  1. inflection of sijn:
    1. feminine nominative/accusative singular
    2. nominative/accusative plural

Middle English edit

Noun edit

sine

  1. Alternative form of synne

Neapolitan edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsinɛ/, /ˈsinɐ/

Particle edit

sine

  1. yes

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse sínir.

Pronunciation edit

Determiner edit

sine pl

  1. plural of sin

See also edit

References edit

  • “sin” in The Bokmål Dictionary / The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Anagrams edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse sínir.

Pronunciation edit

Determiner edit

sine pl

  1. plural of sin

References edit

Old English edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

sīne

  1. inflection of sīn:
    1. accusative feminine singular
    2. instrumental masculine/neuter singular
    3. nominative/accusative masculine/feminine plural

Old French edit

Noun edit

sine oblique singularm (oblique plural sines, nominative singular sines, nominative plural sine)

  1. Alternative form of cisne

Noun edit

sine oblique singularm (oblique plural sines, nominative singular sines, nominative plural sine)

  1. Alternative form of signe

Old Irish edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Celtic *sɸenyos, itself from Proto-Indo-European *pstḗn.

Pronunciation edit

IPA(key): /sʲi.nʲe/

Noun edit

sine m

  1. nipple, teat

Inflection edit

Usual declension:

Masculine io-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative sine sineL siniL
Vocative sini sineL siniu
Accusative sineN sineL siniuH
Genitive siniL sineL sineN
Dative siniuL sinib sinib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

A variant dental-stem declension can also be found.

Masculine d-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative sine sinidL, sine sinid
Vocative sine sinidL, sine sineda
Accusative sinidN sinidL, sine sineda
Genitive sined sined sinedN
Dative sinidL sinedaib sinedaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants edit

Mutation edit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
sine ṡine unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading edit

Pali edit

Alternative forms edit

Verb edit

sine

  1. optative active third-person singular of sinoti (to bind)

Polish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɕi.nɛ/
  • Rhymes: -inɛ
  • Syllabification: si‧ne

Adjective edit

sine

  1. inflection of siny:
    1. neuter nominative/accusative/vocative singular
    2. nonvirile nominative/accusative/vocative plural

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin , as with mine, tine.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

sine (stressed reflexive-accusative form of el, ea, ei, and ele)

  1. (direct object, preceded by preposition, such as "pe", "cu", "la", or "pentru") himself, herself, itself, themselves
    Synonym: (unstressed form) se

Scottish Gaelic edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Irish sine (teat, dug, pap), from Proto-Celtic *sɸenyos, from Proto-Indo-European *pstḗn. Cognate with Old Norse speni (teat), English spean (teat (of a cow)).

Noun edit

sine f (genitive singular sine, plural sinean)

  1. (anatomy) nipple, teat

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from English gin.

Noun edit

sine f

  1. gin (drink)

Etymology 3 edit

From Old Irish sine (old age, seniority, antiquity), from sen (old).

Noun edit

sine f

  1. oldness
  2. old age

Etymology 4 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective edit

sine

  1. comparative degree of sean (old)

Mutation edit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
sine shine
after "an", t-sine
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References edit

Serbo-Croatian edit

Noun edit

sine (Cyrillic spelling сине)

  1. inflection of sina:
    1. genitive singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative plural

Tagalog edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Spanish cine, from a clipping of cinema, a reduction of cinematógrafo, from French cinématographe.

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: si‧ne
  • IPA(key): /ˈsine/, [ˈsi.nɛ]

Noun edit

sine (Baybayin spelling ᜐᜒᜈᜒ)

  1. film; movie
    Synonyms: pelikula, puting-tabing
  2. (dated) cinema; movie theater
    Synonym: sinehan

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

  • sine”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018