See also: Stark, stärk, and stærk

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English stark, starc, from Old English stearc, starc (stiff, rigid, unyielding, obstinate, hard, strong, severe, violent), from Proto-West Germanic *stark, from Proto-Germanic *starkuz (stiff, strong), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)terg- (rigid, stiff). Cognate with Saterland Frisian sterc (strong), Dutch sterk (strong), Low German sterk (strong), German stark (strong), Danish stærk (strong), Swedish stark (strong), Norwegian sterk (strong), Icelandic sterkur (strong). Related to starch.

In the phrase stark naked: an alternation of start ("tail" or "rump"), a literal parallel to the modern butt naked.

AdjectiveEdit

stark (comparative starker, superlative starkest)

  1. (obsolete) Hard, firm; obdurate.
  2. Severe; violent; fierce (now usually in describing the weather).
    • 2013 May 11, “The climate of Tibet: Pole-land”, in The Economist[1], volume 407, number 8835, page 80:
      Of all the transitions brought about on the Earth’s surface by temperature change, the melting of ice into water is the starkest. It is binary. And for the land beneath, the air above and the life around, it changes everything.
  3. (poetic, literary or archaic) Strong; vigorous; powerful.
  4. Stiff, rigid.
  5. Plain in appearance; barren, desolate.
    I picked my way forlornly through the stark, sharp rocks.
  6. Naked.
    • 1817 December, Percy Bysshe Shelley, “The Revolt of Islam. []”, in [Mary] Shelley, editor, The Poetical Works of Percy Bysshe Shelley. [], volume I, London: Edward Moxon [], published 1839, OCLC 1000449192, page 211:
      They bore me to a cavern in the hill
      Beneath that column, and unbound me there;
      And one did strip me stark; and one did fill
      A vessel from the putrid pool; one bare
      A lighted torch, and four with friendless care
      Guided my steps the cavern-paths along []
  7. Complete, absolute, full.
    I screamed in stark terror.
    A flower was growing, in stark contrast, out of the sidewalk.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

AdverbEdit

stark (not comparable)

  1. starkly; entirely, absolutely
    He's gone stark, staring mad.
    She was just standing there, stark naked.
    • 1655, Thomas Fuller, James Nichols, editor, The Church History of Britain, [], volume (please specify |volume=I to III), new edition, London: [] [James Nichols] for Thomas Tegg and Son, [], published 1837, OCLC 913056315:
      [] held him strangled in his arms till he was stark dead.
    • 1913, Robert Barr, chapter 4, in Lord Stranleigh Abroad[2]:
      “… That woman is stark mad, Lord Stranleigh. Her own father recognised it when he bereft her of all power in the great business he founded. …”
Usage notesEdit

In standard modern English, the adverb is essentially restricted to stark naked and phrases meaning "crazy" on the pattern of stark raving mad.

TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English starken, from Old English stearcian (to stiffen, become hard, grow stiff or hard), from Proto-Germanic *starkōną, *starkēną (to stiffen, become hard), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)terg- (rigid, stiff). Cognate with German erstarken (to strengthen).

VerbEdit

stark (third-person singular simple present starks, present participle starking, simple past and past participle starked)

  1. (obsolete or dialect) To stiffen.
Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German stark, from Old High German stark, from Proto-Germanic *starkuz.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ʃtark/, [ʃtaʁk], [ʃtaɐ̯k], [ʃtaːk]
  • (file)
  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

stark (comparative stärker, superlative am stärksten)

  1. strong (intense, powerful, unyielding)
  2. strong (having a high concentration of some ingredient, e.g. alcohol)
  3. (grammar) strong (inflecting according to a pattern distinct from another called "weak")
    Coordinate terms: gemischt, schwach
  4. (colloquial, slightly dated) great, brilliant, awesome
  5. (colloquial, dated) incredible, unbelievable
    ein starkes Stück(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    starker Tobak(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    • 1924, Thomas Mann, Der Zauberberg [The Magic Mountain], volume 1, Berlin: S. Fischer, page 69:
      Nun, es sind Eheleute, in Gottes Namen, soweit ist die Sache in Ordnung. Aber am hellen Morgen, das ist doch stark.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit


KashubianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Proto-Slavic *starъ.

NounEdit

stark m

  1. grandfather

Related termsEdit


Low GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with German stark, Dutch sterk.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

stark (comparative starker, superlative starkst)

  1. strong, powerful

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


Old High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *starkuz, whence also Old English stearc, Old Norse sterkr.

AdjectiveEdit

stark

  1. strong

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • German: stark
  • Yiddish: שטאַרק(shtark)

SloveneEdit

NounEdit

stark

  1. genitive dual/plural of starka

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Swedish starker, from Old Norse starkr, from Proto-Germanic *starkuz, from Proto-Indo-European *sterg-.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

stark (comparative starkare, superlative starkast)

  1. strong; able to use great force
  2. strong; capable of withstanding great physical force
  3. strong; highly stimulating to the senses
    starkt ljus
    strong light
  4. (taste) spicy, hot; with a biting taste
    Den maten är för stark för mig.
    That food is too hot for me.
  5. strong; having a high concentration of an essential; possibly alcohol
    starkt kaffe
    strong coffee
  6. (grammar) strong
  7. (military) strong; not easily subdued or taken

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of stark
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular stark starkare starkast
Neuter singular starkt starkare starkast
Plural starka starkare starkast
Masculine plural3 starke starkare starkast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 starke starkare starkaste
All starka starkare starkaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
3) Dated or archaic

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit