See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
清-bw.png
Japanese stroke order
清-jbw.png

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(water) + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水手一月 (EQMB), four-corner 35127, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 633, character 37
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17695
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1038, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1637, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+6E05

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sʰiŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰiŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡sʰin³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiŋ¹³/
/t͡sʰei¹³/ ~湯
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰin³³/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰeŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰin³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰin³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɑŋ⁴²/ 稀,不稠
/t͡ɕʰin⁴²/ ~楚
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰin⁴⁴/
/t͡sʰiaŋ⁴⁴/ ~明
Taoyuan /t͡sʰin²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰeŋ⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰɛŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰiŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiŋ⁵⁵/
/t͡sʰĩ⁵⁵/ ~明
/t͡sʰiã⁵⁵/ 福~
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰeiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰeŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /seŋ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (14)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiᴇŋ/ /t͡sʰi̯ɛŋ/ /t͡sʰiɛŋ/ /t͡sʰiɛŋ/ /t͡sʰiajŋ/ /t͡sʰĭɛŋ/ /t͡sʰiæŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qīng ‹ tshjeng › /*tsʰeŋ/ clear (adj.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11338 0 /*sʰleŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. clear, pure, clean
  2. Abbreviation of 清朝 (Qīngcháo, “the Qing dynasty”).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana きよし, romaji Kiyoshi)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(cheong) (hangeul , revised cheong, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŏng, Yale cheng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thanh, thảnh, thênh, thinh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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