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See also:
U+6E05, 清
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6E05

[U+6E04]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6E06]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Japanese stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水手一月 (EQMB), four-corner 35127, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 633, character 37
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17695
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1038, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1637, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+6E05

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
sʰlɯː
sʰleːns
sʰleːns, *ʔsreːŋ
sʰleːns, *sʰleŋs
sʰleːns
sʰeːns
sʰeːns
sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs
sreŋ
sreŋ
sreŋ
sreŋ, *sleːŋ
sreŋ
sreŋ, *sreŋs
sreŋ, *seːŋ
sreŋ
sreŋʔ
sreŋs
zreːŋ
ʔsleŋ, *ʔsleŋs
ʔsleŋ
ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
ʔsleŋ
ʔsleŋ, *zleŋs, *zleŋʔ
ʔsleŋ, *sʰleŋʔ
ʔsleŋ
ʔsleŋ
ʔsleŋ
sʰleŋ
sʰleŋ
sʰleŋʔ, *zleŋs, *zleŋ
sʰleŋs
zleŋs, *zleŋ
zleŋs
zleŋ
zleŋ
zleŋ
zleŋʔ
zleŋʔ
seŋʔ, *seːŋs
seŋʔ, *seːŋ
sleŋs
sleŋs
l̥ʰeŋs
ʔljeŋ, *sʰleːŋ
sʰleːŋ
sʰleːŋ, *sʰleːŋs
sʰleːŋs
sleːŋ
sleːŋ
sleːŋ
sleːŋ
seːŋ, *seːŋs
seːŋ
seːŋ, *seːŋʔ, *seːŋs
seːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰleŋ): semantic  (water) + phonetic  (OC *sʰleːŋ).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chĭng - literary;
  • chiăng - vernacular (used in placenames, e.g. 福清).
Note:
  • chheng - literary;
  • chhiⁿ/chhuiⁿ/chheⁿ - vernacular (limited, e.g. 清明);
  • chhiaⁿ - vernacular (used in placenames, e.g. 福清).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sʰiŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰiŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡sʰin³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiŋ¹³/
/t͡sʰei¹³/ ~湯
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰin³³/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰeŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰin³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰin³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɑŋ⁴²/ 稀,不稠
/t͡ɕʰin⁴²/ ~楚
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰin⁴⁴/
/t͡sʰiaŋ⁴⁴/ ~明
Taoyuan /t͡sʰin²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰeŋ⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰɛŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰiŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiŋ⁵⁵/
/t͡sʰĩ⁵⁵/ ~明
/t͡sʰiã⁵⁵/ 福~
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰeiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰeŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /seŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰiᴇŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰiɛŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiæŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰiajŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰiɛŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭɛŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯ɛŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qīng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshjeng ›
Old
Chinese
/*tsʰeŋ/
English clear (adj.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11338
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰleŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. clear; limpid
  2. clean; unstained
  3. pure; unmixed
  4. distinct; clear; apparent
  5. fair and honest; upright
  6. quiet; still
  7. (phonetics) unaspirated
  8. to clear (throat, etc.); to clean
  9. to settle; to sort out
  10. (~朝) Qing dynasty

See alsoEdit

Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
Name Time period Divisions
Xia
(~朝, ~代)
2070 – 1600 BCE
Shang
(~朝, ~代)
(~朝, ~代)
1600 – 1046 BCE
Zhou
(~朝, ~代)
1046 – 256 BCE Western Zhou
西周
Eastern Zhou
東周东周
Spring and Autumn period
春秋
Warring States period
戰國战国
Qin
(~朝, ~代)
221 – 206 BCE
Han
(~朝, ~代)
206 BCE – 220 CE Western Han
西漢西汉
Xin
(~朝)
Eastern Han
東漢东汉
Three Kingdoms
三國三国
220 – 280 CE Wei
Shu
Wu
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
265 – 420 CE Western Jin
西晉西晋
Eastern Jin
東晉东晋
Southern and Northern dynasties
南北朝
420 – 589 CE Northern dynasties
北朝
Northern Wei
北魏
Western Wei
西魏
Eastern Wei
東魏东魏
Northern Zhou
北周
Northern Qi
北齊北齐
Southern dynasties
南朝
Liu Song
劉宋刘宋
Southern Qi
南齊南齐
Liang
(~朝, ~代)
Chen
(~朝, ~代)
Sui
(~朝, ~代)
581 – 618 CE
Tang
(~朝, ~代)
618 – 907 CE
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
五代十國五代十国
907 – 960 CE
Liao
(~朝, ~代)
907 – 1125 CE
Song
(~朝, ~代)
960 – 1279 CE Northern Song
北宋
Southern Song
南宋
Western Xia
西夏
1038 – 1227 CE
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
1115 – 1234 CE
Western Liao
西遼西辽
1124 – 1218 CE
Yuan
(~朝, ~代)
1271 – 1368 CE
Ming
(~朝, ~代)
1368 – 1644 CE
Qing
(~朝, ~代)
1636 – 1912 CE

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana きよし, rōmaji Kiyoshi)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(cheong) (hangeul , revised cheong, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŏng, Yale cheng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thanh, thảnh, thênh, thinh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.