TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
商-order.gif

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 卜金月口 (YCBR), four-corner 00227, composition ⿱⿱)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 194, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3803
  • Dae Jaweon: page 415, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 288, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5546

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (商), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 式羊切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕɨɐŋ/ /ɕi̯aŋ/ /ɕiaŋ/ /ɕiɐŋ/ /ɕɨaŋ/ /ɕĭaŋ/ /ɕiɑŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shāng ‹ syang › /*s-taŋ/ musical note
shāng ‹ syang › /*s-taŋ/ (place name)
shāng ‹ syang › /*s-taŋ/ estimate; business; trader

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11097 0 /*hljaŋ/

NounEdit

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) trade; commerce; business
  2. (Beginning Mandarin) businessman; dealer
  3. (Beginning Mandarin) quotient (math)
    623  ―  6 chú 2 de shāng shì 3  ―  the quotient of 6 divided by 2 is 3
  4. (archaic) second note in the Chinese pentatonic scale or re

Proper nounEdit

  1. the Shang Dynasty

VerbEdit

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) to discuss; to consult

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 3
on'yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese ‎(syang, commerce).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana しょう, romaji shō, historical hiragana しやう)

  1. dealing, dealer, merchant
  2. (arithmetic) quotient

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(sang) (hangeul , revised sang, McCune-Reischauer sang)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thương)

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