U+5546, 商
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5546

[U+5545]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5547]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 卜金月口 (YCBR), four-corner 00227, composition ⿱⿱)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 194, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3803
  • Dae Jaweon: page 415, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 288, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5546

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*hljaŋ
*hljaŋ
*hljaŋ

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɕiaŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shāng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shāng shāng shāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ syang › ‹ syang › ‹ syang ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-taŋ/ /*s-taŋ/ /*s-taŋ/
English musical note (place name) estimate; business; trader

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11097
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljaŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. trade; commerce; business
  2. businessman; dealer
  3. (mathematics) quotient
    623  ―  6 chú 2 de shāng shì 3  ―  the quotient of 6 divided by 2 is 3
  4. (archaic, music) the second note in the Chinese pentatonic scale
  5. the Shang Dynasty
  6. to discuss; to consult

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 3
on'yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (syang, commerce).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana しょう, romaji shō, historical hiragana しやう)

  1. dealing, dealer, merchant
  2. (arithmetic) quotient

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(sang) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thương)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.