Contents

ChineseEdit

 
spring (time); gay; joyful; youthful; love; lust; life
 
autumn; fall; harvest time; a swing
simp. and trad.
(春秋)
 
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia zh

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (24) (14)
Final () (47) (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕʰiuɪn/ /t͡sʰɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʰʷin/ /t͡sʰiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰjuen/ /t͡sʰiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cʰwin/ /t͡sʰuw/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕʰiuĕn/ /t͡sʰiu/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕʰĭuĕn/ /t͡sʰĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕʰi̯uĕn/ /t͡sʰi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chūn qiū
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chūn qiū
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyhwin › ‹ tshjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*tʰun/ /*tsʰiw/
English springtime autumn; crop

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 12573 10537
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰjun/ /*sʰɯw/
Notes

NounEdit

春秋

  1. (literally) spring and autumn
  2. (metonymically) the four seasons
  3. a year's time
  4. time as a general concept
  5. a person's age
  6. an annal; a chronicle of events by year

Proper nounEdit

春秋

  1. the Spring and Autumn Annals, the chronicle of the Chinese state of Lu
  2. the Spring and Autumn period (770-476 BC)

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
しゅん
Grade: 2
しゅう > じゅう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 春秋(tsyhwin tshjuw, literally spring and autumn). The kan'on, so probably a shift in reading after initial borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

春秋 ‎(hiragana しゅんじゅう, romaji shunjū)

  1. spring and autumn
  2. (metonymically) a year; (by extension) one's age

Proper nounEdit

春秋 ‎(hiragana しゅんじゅう, romaji Shunjū)

  1. the Spring and Autumn Annals, the chronicles of the ancient State of Lu

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
はる
Grade: 2
あき
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Compound of (haru, spring) +‎ (aki, autumn).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

春秋 ‎(hiragana はるあき, romaji haruaki)

  1. spring and autumn
  2. (metonymically) a year; (by extension) one's age
    • 1212, 鴨 長明 (Kamo no Chōmei), 方丈記 (Hōjōki, “The Ten Foot Square Hut”)
      四十あまりの春秋をおくれる間に
      よんじゅう あまり の はるあき を おくれる あいだ に
      yonjū amari no haruaki o okureru aida ni
      during the course of living some forty-odd years

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3