春秋

Contents

ChineseEdit

 
spring (time); gay; joyful; youthful; love; lust; life
 
autumn; fall; harvest time; a swing
simp. and trad.
(春秋)
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EtymologyEdit

From (chūn, “spring”) + (qiū, “autumn”)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

春秋

  1. (literally) spring and autumn
  2. (metonymically) the four seasons
  3. a year's time
  4. time as a general concept
  5. a person's age
  6. an annal; a chronicle of events by year

Proper nounEdit

春秋

  1. the Spring and Autumn Annals, the chronicle of the Chinese state of Lu
  2. the Spring and Autumn period (770-476 BC)

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
しゅん
Grade: 2
しゅう > じゅう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 春秋 ‎(tsyhwin tshjuw, literally spring and autumn). The kan'on, so probably a shift in reading after initial borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

春秋 ‎(hiragana しゅんじゅう, romaji shunjū)

  1. spring and autumn
  2. (metonymically) a year; (by extension) one's age

Proper nounEdit

春秋 ‎(hiragana しゅんじゅう, romaji Shunjū)

  1. the Spring and Autumn Annals, the chronicles of the ancient State of Lu

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
はる
Grade: 2
あき
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Compound of ‎(haru, spring) +‎ ‎(aki, autumn).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

春秋 ‎(hiragana はるあき, romaji haruaki)

  1. spring and autumn
  2. (metonymically) a year; (by extension) one's age
    • 1212, 鴨 長明 (Kamo no Chōmei), 方丈記 (Hōjōki, “The Ten Foot Square Hut”)
      四十あまりの春秋をおくれる間に
      よんじゅう あまり の はるあき を おくれる あいだ に
      yonjū amari no haruaki o okureru aida ni
      during the course of living some forty-odd years

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
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