Contents

ChineseEdit

 
spring (time); gay; joyful; youthful; love; lust; life
 
autumn; fall; harvest time; a swing
simp. and trad.
(春秋)
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
春秋

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (24) (14)
Final () (47) (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕʰiuɪn/ /t͡sʰɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʰʷin/ /t͡sʰiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰjuen/ /t͡sʰiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cʰwin/ /t͡sʰuw/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕʰiuĕn/ /t͡sʰiu/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕʰĭuĕn/ /t͡sʰĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕʰi̯uĕn/ /t͡sʰi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chūn qiū
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chūn qiū
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyhwin › ‹ tshjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*tʰun/ /*tsʰiw/
English springtime autumn; crop

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 12573 10537
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰjun/ /*sʰɯw/
Notes

NounEdit

春秋

  1. (literally) spring and autumn
  2. (metonymically) the four seasons
  3. (figuratively) a year's time; year
  4. (figuratively) person's age
  5. (figuratively) time (as a general concept)
  6. (figuratively) annal; chronicle of events by year

Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

春秋

  1. the Spring and Autumn Annals, the chronicle of the Chinese state of Lu
  2. the Spring and Autumn period (770–476 BC)

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
Name Time period Divisions
Xia
(~朝, ~代)
2070 – 1600 BCE
Shang
(~朝, ~代)
(~朝, ~代)
1600 – 1046 BCE
Zhou
(~朝, ~代)
1046 – 256 BCE Western Zhou
西周
Eastern Zhou
東周东周
Spring and Autumn period
春秋
Warring States period
戰國战国
Qin
(~朝, ~代)
221 – 206 BCE
Han
(~朝, ~代)
206 BCE – 220 CE Western Han
西漢西汉
Xin
(~朝)
Eastern Han
東漢东汉
Three Kingdoms
三國三国
220 – 280 CE Wei
Shu
Wu
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
265 – 420 CE Western Jin
西晉西晋
Eastern Jin
東晉东晋
Southern and Northern dynasties
南北朝
420 – 589 CE Northern dynasties
北朝
Northern Wei
北魏
Western Wei
西魏
Eastern Wei
東魏东魏
Northern Zhou
北周
Northern Qi
北齊北齐
Southern dynasties
南朝
Liu Song
劉宋刘宋
Southern Qi
南齊南齐
Liang
(~朝, ~代)
Chen
(~朝, ~代)
Sui
(~朝, ~代)
581 – 618 CE
Tang
(~朝, ~代)
618 – 907 CE
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
五代十國五代十国
907 – 960 CE
Liao
(~朝, ~代)
907 – 1125 CE
Song
(~朝, ~代)
960 – 1279 CE Northern Song
北宋
Southern Song
南宋
Western Xia
西夏
1038 – 1227 CE
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
1115 – 1234 CE
Western Liao
西遼西辽
1124 – 1218 CE
Yuan
(~朝, ~代)
1271 – 1368 CE
Ming
(~朝, ~代)
1368 – 1644 CE
Qing
(~朝, ~代)
1636 – 1912 CE

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
しゅん
Grade: 2
しゅう > じゅう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 春秋 (tsyhwin tshjuw, literally spring and autumn). The kan'on, so probably a shift in reading after initial borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

春秋 (hiragana しゅんじゅう, rōmaji shunjū)

  1. spring and autumn
  2. (metonymically) a year; (by extension) one's age

Proper nounEdit

春秋 (hiragana しゅんじゅう, rōmaji Shunjū)

  1. the Spring and Autumn Annals, the chronicles of the ancient State of Lu

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
はる
Grade: 2
あき
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Compound of (haru, spring) +‎ (aki, autumn).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

春秋 (hiragana はるあき, rōmaji haruaki)

  1. spring and autumn
  2. (metonymically) a year; (by extension) one's age
    • 1212, 鴨 長明 (Kamo no Chōmei), 方丈記 (Hōjōki, “The Ten Foot Square Hut”)
      四十あまりの春秋をおくれる間に
      よんじゅう あまり の はるあき を おくれる あいだ に
      yonjū amari no haruaki o okureru aida ni
      during the course of living some forty-odd years

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3