ChineseEdit

 
spring (time); gay; joyful
spring (time); gay; joyful; youthful; love; lust; life
 
autumn; fall; harvest time
autumn; fall; harvest time; a swing
simp. and trad.
(春秋)
 
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PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (24) (14)
Final () (47) (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕʰiuɪn/ /t͡sʰɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʰʷin/ /t͡sʰiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰjuen/ /t͡sʰiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cʰwin/ /t͡sʰuw/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕʰiuĕn/ /t͡sʰiu/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕʰĭuĕn/ /t͡sʰĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕʰi̯uĕn/ /t͡sʰi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chūn qiū
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ceon1 cau1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chūn qiū
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyhwin › ‹ tshjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*tʰun/ /*tsʰiw/
English springtime autumn; crop

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 12573 10537
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰjun/ /*sʰɯw/
Notes

NounEdit

春秋

  1. (literally) spring and autumn
  2. (metonymically) the four seasons
  3. (figuratively) a year's time; year
  4. (figuratively) person's age
    春秋鼎盛  ―  chūnqiū dǐngshèng  ―  in the prime of one's life
  5. (figuratively) time (as a general concept)
  6. (figuratively) annal; chronicle of events by year

Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

春秋

  1. the Spring and Autumn Annals (the chronicle of the state of Lu)
  2. the Spring and Autumn period (770–476 BC)

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
Name Time period Divisions
Xia
(~朝, ~代)
2070 – 1600 B.C.E.
Shang
(~朝, ~代)
(~朝, ~代)
1600 – 1046 B.C.E.
Zhou
(~朝, ~代)
1046 – 256 B.C.E. Western Zhou
西周
Eastern Zhou
東周东周
Spring and Autumn period
春秋
Warring States period
戰國战国
Qin
(~朝, ~代)
221 – 206 B.C.E.
Han
(~朝, ~代)
206 B.C.E. – 220 C.E. Western Han
西漢西汉
Xin
(~朝)
Eastern Han
東漢东汉
Three Kingdoms
三國三国
220 – 280 C.E. Wei
Shu
Wu
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
265 – 420 C.E. Western Jin
西晉西晋
Eastern Jin
東晉东晋
Southern and Northern dynasties
南北朝
420 – 589 C.E. Northern dynasties
北朝
Northern Wei
北魏
Western Wei
西魏
Eastern Wei
東魏东魏
Northern Zhou
北周
Northern Qi
北齊北齐
Southern dynasties
南朝
Liu Song
劉宋刘宋
Southern Qi
南齊南齐
Liang
(~朝, ~代)
Chen
(~朝, ~代)
Sui
(~朝, ~代)
581 – 618 C.E.
Tang
(~朝, ~代)
618 – 907 C.E.
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
五代十國五代十国
907 – 960 C.E.
Liao
(~朝, ~代)
907 – 1125 C.E.
Song
(~朝, ~代)
960 – 1279 C.E. Northern Song
北宋
Southern Song
南宋
Western Xia
西夏
1038 – 1227 C.E.
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
1115 – 1234 C.E.
Western Liao
西遼西辽
1124 – 1218 C.E.
Yuan
(~朝, ~代)
1271 – 1368 C.E.
Ming
(~朝, ~代)
1368 – 1644 C.E.
Qing
(~朝, ~代)
1636 – 1912 C.E.

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (春秋):

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
しゅん
Grade: 2
しゅう > じゅう
Grade: 2
kan’on

From Middle Chinese compound 春秋 (MC t͡ɕʰiuɪn t͡sʰɨu, literally “spring and autumn”). The kan'on, so probably a shift in reading after initial borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(しゅん)(じゅう) (shunjū

  1. spring and autumn
  2. (metonymically) a year; (by extension) one's age

Proper nounEdit

(しゅん)(じゅう) (Shunjū

  1. the Spring and Autumn Annals

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
はる
Grade: 2
あき
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Compound of (haru, spring) +‎ (aki, autumn).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(はる)(あき) (haruaki

  1. spring and autumn
  2. (metonymically) a year; (by extension) one's age
    • 1212, Kamo no Chōmei, Hōjōki (The Ten-Foot Square Hut)
      (よん)(じゅう)あまりの(はる)(あき)をおくれる(あいだ)
      yonjū amari no haruaki o okureru aida ni
      during the course of living some forty-odd years

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

Proper nounEdit

春秋

  1. Hán tự form of Xuân Thu.