See also: and
U+5922, 夢
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5922

[U+5921]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5923]
夢 U+2F85E, 夢
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F85E
多
[U+2F85D]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 奢
[U+2F85F]

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative formsEdit

Note that in Taiwan and Hong Kong, the character is written with on top instead of , as found in the Kangxi dictionary. Traditionally, the character is listed under the radical (sunset). However, in simplified Chinese and Japanese dictionaries, the character may be listed under the radical (grass) as the (crown/hairstyle) component has been simplified to .

Han characterEdit

(radical 36, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 廿田中弓 (TWLN), four-corner 44207, composition𦭝(GJKV) or ⿱⿳(HT))

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 247, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5801
  • Dae Jaweon: page 492, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 864, character 19
  • Unihan data for U+5922

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script
       

Oracle bone script: Pictogram (象形) – a person lying on a bed, with restless hands (cf. the oracle-bone character for ).

Shuowen: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mɯŋ, *mɯŋs): phonetic (OC *mɯːŋ, *mɯŋ, *mɯŋs) + semantic .

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(s/r)-ma(ŋ/k) (dream).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • máe̤ng - vernacular;
  • móng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • bāng - vernacular;
    • bōng - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 3maan - vernacular;
    • 3mon - literary.
  • Xiang
    • (Changsha)
      • Wiktionary: mong5 / mong4
      • Sinological IPA (key) (old-style): /mʊŋ²¹/, /mʊŋ⁴⁵/
      • Sinological IPA (key) (new-style): /mən²¹/, /mən⁴⁵/
  • Note:
    • mong5 - vernacular;
    • mong4 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /məŋ⁵¹/
    Harbin /məŋ⁵³/
    Tianjin /məŋ⁵³/
    Jinan /məŋ²¹/
    Qingdao /fəŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /məŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /məŋ⁴⁴/
    Xining /mə̃²¹³/
    Yinchuan /məŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /mə̃n¹³/
    Ürümqi /mɤŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /moŋ³⁵/
    Chengdu /moŋ¹³/
    Guiyang /moŋ²¹³/
    Kunming /moŋ²¹²/
    Nanjing /mən⁴⁴/
    Hefei /məŋ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /məŋ⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /məŋ³⁵/
    Hohhot /mə̃ŋ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /mɑ̃²³/
    /moŋ²³/
    Suzhou /moŋ³¹/
    Hangzhou /moŋ¹³/
    Wenzhou /moŋ²²/
    Hui Shexian /mʌ̃²²/
    Tunxi /man¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /moŋ⁵⁵/
    /moŋ¹¹/
    Xiangtan /mən²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /muŋ²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /mu⁵³/
    Taoyuan /muŋ⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /moŋ²²/
    Nanning /muŋ²²/
    Hong Kong /muŋ²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bɔŋ²²/
    /baŋ²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /mɔyŋ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mɔŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /maŋ³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /moŋ³⁵/
    /maŋ²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (2)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mɨuŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /miuŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /miuŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /muwŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /miuŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭuŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯uŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    mèng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    mung6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    mèng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mjuwngH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.məŋ-s/
    English dream

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 8998
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mɯŋs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. dream (Classifier: m c mn;  m c mn)
      /   ―  měimèng  ―  good dream
      /   ―  mèngyǎn  ―  nightmare
      /   ―  zuòmèng  ―  to dream
      / [Cantonese]  ―  faat3 mung6 [Jyutping]  ―  to dream
      尋晚關於裡面見到一齊健身 [Cantonese, trad.]
      寻晚关于里面见到一齐健身 [Cantonese, simp.]
      ngo5 cam4 maan5 faat3 zo2 go3 mung6, hai6 gwaan1 jyu1 nei5 ge3. hai2 mung6 leoi5 min6 ngo5 gin3 dou3-2 nei5 tung4 ngo5 jat1 cai4 gin6 san1. [Jyutping]
      This morning I had a dream about you. In the dream, I saw you working out with me.
    2. to dream; to have dreams
    3. (figuratively) dream; aspiration; ambition; goal
      一個 / 一个  ―  Wǒ yǒu yīge mèng.  ―  I have a dream.
    4. visionary; imaginary; wishful
    5. A surname.
    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (2)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mɨuŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /miuŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /miuŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /muwŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /miuŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭuŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯uŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    méng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    mung4
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 8996
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mɯŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. muddled

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ゆめ
    Grade: 5
    kun’yomi

    ⟨i me2 → */jiməɨ//jɨme//jume/

    Appears in texts from the 900s.[1]

    Shift from Old Japanese (ime2), itself a compound of (i, sleep, sleeping, obsolete) +‎ (me, eye; sight, vision).[1][2][3]

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (ゆめ) (yume

    1. a dream
      • 1989 November 10 [May 25 1988], Fujiko F. Fujio, “夢カメラ [Dream Camera]”, in 征地球論 [A Debate over Conquering Earth] (藤子・F・不二雄 SF全短編; 3), volume 3 (fiction), 2nd edition, Tokyo: Chuokoronsha, →ISBN, 第二章, page 275:
        これはなんです!
        Kore wa nan desu!
        What is this!?
        こ これは(ゆめ)カメラといって……
        Ko kore wa Yume Kamera to itte……
        Th– This was taken with the Dream Camera…
        なにをユメみたいなこといってるんですか
        Nani o yume mitai na koto itterun desu ka
        Are you saying this is just a dream!?
    2. a vision (wish for the future)
    3. leaving reality to the state of lusciousness (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
    4. a fantasy (idea from one's imagination)
    5. an illusion or delusion
      Synonym: 迷夢 (meimu)
    6. something fragile (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
    Derived termsEdit
    IdiomsEdit
    ProverbsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (ゆめ) (Yume

    1. a female given name
    2. a surname

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 5
    goon

    From Middle Chinese (MC mɨuŋH).

    AffixEdit

    () (mu

    1. dream
    2. illusion
    3. vision
    4. fantasy
    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
    3. 3.0 3.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    4. ^ 1960, Tetsuo Hirayama (平山輝男, editor), 全国アクセント辞典 (Zenkoku Akusento Jiten, Nationwide Accent Dictionary), (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Tōkyōdō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC mɨuŋH).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 모ᇰ〮 (Yale: mwóng)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[2] ᄭᅮᆷ〮 (Yale: skwúm) 모ᇰ〯 (Yale: mwǒng)

    PronunciationEdit

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [mo̞(ː)ŋ]
    • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
      • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (kkum mong))

    1. Hanja form? of (dream). [affix]

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

    Old JapaneseEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Compound of (i1, sleep, sleeping) +‎ (me2, eye; sight, vision).[1][2][3]

    NounEdit

    (ime2) (kana いめ)

    1. a dream
      • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 4, poem 490), text here
        真野之浦乃与騰乃継橋情由毛思哉妹之伊目尓之所見
        Mano1-no2-ura no2 yo2do2 no2 tugi1pasi ko2ko2ro2 yu mo omope2 ya imo ga ime2 ni si mi1yuru
        (please add an English translation of this usage example)

    Derived termsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    • Japanese: (yume)

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
    3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: mộng, mọng, mống, mồng, mòng, muống

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit