See also: and
U+5922, 夢
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5922

[U+5921]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5923]
夢 U+2F85E, 夢
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F85E
多
[U+2F85D]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 奢
[U+2F85F]

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative formsEdit

Note that in Taiwan and Hong Kong, the character is written with on top instead of , as found in the Kangxi dictionary. Traditionally, the character is listed under the radical (sunset). However, in simplified Chinese and Japanese dictionaries, the character may be listed under the radical (grass) as the (crown/hairstyle) component has been simplified to .

Han characterEdit

(radical 36, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 廿田中弓 (TWLN), four-corner 44207, composition𦭝(GJKV) or ⿱⿳(HT))

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 247, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5801
  • Dae Jaweon: page 492, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 864, character 19
  • Unihan data for U+5922

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph originEdit

Oracle bone script: Pictogram (象形) – a person lying on a bed, with restless hands.

Shuowen: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mɯŋ, *mɯŋs): phonetic  (OC *mɯːŋ, *mɯŋ, *mɯŋs) + semantic .

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(s/r)-ma(ŋ/k) (dream).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • bāng - vernacular;
  • bōng - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 3maan - vernacular;
    • 3mon - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /məŋ⁵¹/
    Harbin /məŋ⁵³/
    Tianjin /məŋ⁵³/
    Jinan /məŋ²¹/
    Qingdao /fəŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /məŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /məŋ⁴⁴/
    Xining /mə̃²¹³/
    Yinchuan /məŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /mə̃n¹³/
    Ürümqi /mɤŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /moŋ³⁵/
    Chengdu /moŋ¹³/
    Guiyang /moŋ²¹³/
    Kunming /moŋ²¹²/
    Nanjing /mən⁴⁴/
    Hefei /məŋ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /məŋ⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /məŋ³⁵/
    Hohhot /mə̃ŋ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /mɑ̃²³/
    /moŋ²³/
    Suzhou /moŋ³¹/
    Hangzhou /moŋ¹³/
    Wenzhou /moŋ²²/
    Hui Shexian /mʌ̃²²/
    Tunxi /man¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /moŋ⁵⁵/
    /moŋ¹¹/
    Xiangtan /mən²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /muŋ²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /mu⁵³/
    Taoyuan /muŋ⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /moŋ²²/
    Nanning /muŋ²²/
    Hong Kong /muŋ²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bɔŋ²²/
    /baŋ²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /mɔyŋ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mɔŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /maŋ³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /moŋ³⁵/
    /maŋ²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (2)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mɨuŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /miuŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /miuŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /muwŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /miuŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭuŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯uŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    mèng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    mèng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mjuwngH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.məŋ-s/
    English dream

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 8998
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mɯŋs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. dream
      /   ―  zuòmèng  ―  to dream
      / [Cantonese]  ―  faat3 mung6 [Jyutping]  ―  to dream
    2. to dream; to have dreams
    3. (figuratively) dream; aspiration; ambition; goal
    4. visionary; imaginary; wishful
    5. A surname​.

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (2)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mɨuŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /miuŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /miuŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /muwŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /miuŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭuŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯uŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    méng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 8996
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mɯŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. muddled

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ゆめ
    Grade: 5
    kun’yomi

    ⟨i me2 → */jiməɨ//jɨme//jume/

    Appears in texts from the 900s.[1]

    Shift from Old Japanese (ime2), itself a compound of (i, sleep, sleeping, obsolete) +‎ (me, eye; sight, vision).[1][2][3]

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (ゆめ) (yume

    1. a dream
      • 1989 November 10 [May 25 1988], Fujiko F. Fujio, “夢カメラ [Dream Camera]”, in 征地球論 [A Debate over Conquering Earth] (藤子・F・不二雄 SF全短編; 3), volume 3 (fiction), 2nd edition, Tokyo: Chuokoronsha, →ISBN, 第二章, page 275:
        これはなんです!
        こ これは(ゆめ)カメラといって……
        なにをユメみたいなこといってるんですか
        Kore wa nan desu!
        Ko- Kore wa Yume Kamera to itte…
        Nani o yume mitai na koto itterun desu ka
        What is this!?
        Th-This was taken with the Dream Camera…
        Are you saying this is just a dream!?
    2. a vision (wish for the future)
    3. leaving reality to the state of lusciousness (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
    4. a fantasy (idea from one's imagination)
    5. an illusion or delusion
      Synonym: 迷夢 (meimu)
    6. something fragile (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
    Derived termsEdit
    IdiomsEdit
    ProverbsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (ゆめ) (Yume

    1. a female given name
    2. a surname

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 5
    goon

    From Middle Chinese (MC mɨuŋH).

    AffixEdit

    () (mu

    1. dream
    2. illusion
    3. vision
    4. fantasy
    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
    3. 3.0 3.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    4. ^ 1960, Tetsuo Hirayama (平山輝男, editor), 全国アクセント辞典 (Zenkoku Akusento Jiten, Nationwide Accent Dictionary), (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Tōkyōdō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (mong) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Old JapaneseEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Compound of (i1, sleep, sleeping) +‎ (me2, eye; sight, vision).[1][2][3]

    NounEdit

    (ime2) (kana いめ)

    1. a dream
      • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 4, poem 490), text here
        真野之浦乃与騰乃継橋情由毛思哉妹之伊目尓之所見
        Mano1-no2-ura no2 yo2do2 no2 tugi1pasi ko2ko2ro2 yu mo omope2 ya imo ga ime2 ni si mi1yuru
        (please add an English translation of this usage example)

    Derived termsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    • Japanese: (yume)

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
    3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (mộng, mọng, mống, mồng, mòng, muống)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit