Dutch

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Etymology 1

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From Middle Dutch mijn, from Old Dutch mīn, from Proto-West Germanic *mīn, from Proto-Germanic *mīnaz.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /mɛi̯n/ (stressed)
  • IPA(key): /mən/ (unstressed; may be spelt m'n)
  • Audio:(file)
  • Hyphenation: mijn
  • Rhymes: -ɛi̯n, -ən

Determiner

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mijn (dependent possessive, independent possessive mijne, contracted form m'n)

  1. belonging to me: my
    Dit is mijn mijn.
    This is my mine.
Inflection
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Derived terms
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Descendants
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  • Afrikaans: my
  • Jersey Dutch: māin
  • Negerhollands: mi

Etymology 2

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From Middle Dutch mine, from Old French mine, from Late Latin mina, from Gaulish, from Proto-Celtic *mēnis (ore, metal). Some senses are borrowed from French mine (explosive device) and Middle French mine (tunnel for sapping).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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mijn f (plural mijnen, diminutive mijntje n)

  1. mine (place where ore is taken out of the ground)
    Deze mijn is mijn mijn, ga ergens anders delven.
    This mine is my mine, go excavate somewhere else.
  2. mine (device meant to explode when stepped upon or touched)
    Deze mijn is mijn mijn, ga je ergens anders opblazen.
    This mine is my mine, go blow yourself up somewhere else.
  3. (historical) mine (tunnel used for sapping enemy defence works or lines)
  4. (entomology) shaft dug by an insect larva in plant organs, such as leaves
Derived terms
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Descendants
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Etymology 3

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Deverbal from mijnen (to buy at a Dutch auction; to shout "mine").

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /mɛi̯n/
  • Hyphenation: mijn
  • Audio:(file)

Noun

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mijn f (plural mijnen)

  1. (historical, Southern) A Dutch auction (reverse auction with gradual reduction of the price until a buyer is found).
    Synonym: afslag
Derived terms
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Middle Dutch

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Etymology

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From Old Dutch mīn

Pronunciation

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Determiner

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mijn

  1. my

Inflection

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Determiner
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative mijn mine mijn mine
Accusative minen mine mijn mine
Genitive mijns miere mijns miere
Dative minen miere minen minen


Descendants

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Further reading

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