Aragonese edit

Etymology edit

From Latin ille (that one). Akin to Spanish él and Portuguese ele.

Pronoun edit

él

  1. he (third-person singular masculine pronoun)

Asturian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin ille (that one).

Pronoun edit

él

  1. he, it (third-person singular masculine pronoun)

Hungarian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈeːl]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eːl

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Uralic *elä-. Cognates include Finnish elää (to live).

Verb edit

él

  1. (intransitive) to live (to remain alive, be alive, reside at)
  2. (transitive) to live
    Veszélyes időket éltek.They lived in a dangerous time.
  3. (intransitive) to live in a particular state
    Mindannyian hazugságban élünk.We are all living a lie.
  4. (intransitive) to use something habitually or regularly (+ -val/-vel), especially when that something is considered unethical or immoral
    Én nem élek drogokkal.I don't use drugs.
    Ki karddal él, kard által vész el, tartja a mondás.He who lives by the sword dies by the sword, as the saying goes.
  5. (intransitive) to consume something (+ -n/-on/-en/-ön) as a main part of one's diet
    Sok egyetemista egészségtelen ételeken él.A lot of university students live off unhealthy food.
  6. (intransitive) to use something (+ -val/-vel) to one's advantage, to make proper use of
    Szeretnék élni alkotmányos jogaimmal.I would like to exercise my constitutional rights.
    A barátom élt a felesége tanácsával.My friend took his wife's advice.
  7. (intransitive) to spend most of one's time benefiting something or someone (usually + -nak/-nek)
    Egy katona egyedül a hazájának él.A soldier lives for his country alone.
  8. (intransitive) to make a living, to depend on something (+ -ból/-ből) as a source of income
    A legtöbb dolgozó a munkájából él.Most workers live from their work.
    Meg kellett tanulniuk a földből élni.They had to learn to live off the land.
  9. (intransitive) to continue to be remembered, to live with someone (+ -ban/-ben)
    A szavai azóta is bennem élnek.His words have lived with me ever since.
Conjugation edit
Derived terms edit

(With verbal prefixes):

Expressions

Etymology 2 edit

Probably from Proto-Ugric *elɜ (edge). Compare with Mansi э̄лми (è̄lmi, edge).

Noun edit

él (plural élek)

  1. edge
    Synonyms: szél, perem, szegély
    a kés élethe edge of the knife
  2. crease (of pants/trousers)
  3. fore, front, forefront, head (see élen, élén)
    Synonyms: vezető, eleje
  4. (geometry) side (a bounding straight edge of a two-dimensional shape)
    Synonym: (a less technical term in this sense) oldal
Declension edit
Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative él élek
accusative élt éleket
dative élnek éleknek
instrumental éllel élekkel
causal-final élért élekért
translative éllé élekké
terminative élig élekig
essive-formal élként élekként
essive-modal
inessive élben élekben
superessive élen éleken
adessive élnél éleknél
illative élbe élekbe
sublative élre élekre
allative élhez élekhez
elative élből élekből
delative élről élekről
ablative éltől élektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
élé éleké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
éléi élekéi
Possessive forms of él
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. élem éleim
2nd person sing. éled éleid
3rd person sing. éle élei
1st person plural élünk éleink
2nd person plural életek éleitek
3rd person plural élük éleik
Derived terms edit
Compound words with this term at the beginning
Compound words with this term at the end

Further reading edit

  • (to live): él in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (edge): él in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • él in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (‘A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2024)

Anagrams edit

Icelandic edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse él.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

él n (genitive singular éls, nominative plural él)

  1. hailstorm, hail shower

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin ille (that one).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈel/ [ˈel]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -el
  • Syllabification: él

Pronoun edit

él (masculine third-person singular pronoun, feminine ella, neuter ello, masculine plural ellos, feminine plural ellas)

  1. he, him, masculine personal third person subject and disjunctive pronoun (used as a subject and after prepositions)
    Él es mi hermano.
    He is my brother.
    Lo hice para él.
    I did it for him.
  2. it, masculine non-personal third-person subject and disjunctive pronoun (used as a subject and after prepositions to refer to masculine nouns)
    ―¿Es esto un libro? ―Sí, él es.
    ―Is this a book? ―Yes, it is.
    ¡Mi coche! ¿Qué le pasó a él?
    My car! What happened to it?

Related terms edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit