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U+6070, 恰
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6070

[U+606F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6071]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 心人一口 (POMR), four-corner 98061, composition)

  1. just, exactly, precisely
  2. proper

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 386, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10603
  • Dae Jaweon: page 718, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2297, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6070

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰuːm
*quːm, *qromʔ, *qɯːm, *qramʔ, *qɯːb
*ɡuːmʔ, *kuːb
*tkuːb
*tkuːb
*tkuːb
*tuːb, *tʰoːb
*tuːb, *toːb
*tuːb
*tuːb, *tʰoːb
*tkuːb, *ɡuːb
*tkʰuːb, *kuːb, *quːb, *quːb
*kuːb
鴿 *kuːb
*kuːb, *ɡuːb
*kuːb, *ɡuːb
*kuːb, *kʰuːb
*kuːb
*kuːb
*kuːb, *kruːb
*kuːb, *kruːb
*kuːb
*ŋɡuːb
*quːb, *quːb
*qʰuːb, *qʰruːb
*ɡuːb
*ɡuːb
*ɡuːb
*tʰuːb
*tʰoːb
*rtuːb
*kruːb, *kob, *ɡob
*kruːb, *ŋkob
*kruːb
*kʰruːb
*kʰruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*qʰjob, *qʰrub
*tkʰub
*ɡjub
*krub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub

PronunciationEdit


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰia⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰia⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰiɑ⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰia²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰia⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰia⁵³/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰia⁵³/
Xining /t͡ɕʰia⁵³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰia¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰia⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰia²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰia²¹³/ ~當
/kʰa²¹³/ ~~
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰia³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰia²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰia̠³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰiɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiaʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiʌʔ¹³/
/kʰʌʔ¹³/ ~好
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /kʰaʔ⁵/
/t͡ɕʰiaʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰiɑʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /kʰa²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kʰaʔ²¹/
Tunxi /kʰɔ⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰia²⁴/
/kʰa²⁴/
Xiangtan /kʰɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /kʰaʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kʰap̚¹/
Taoyuan /kʰɑp̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐp̚⁵/
Nanning /hip̚³³/
Hong Kong /hɐp̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰap̚³²/
/kʰaʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰɑʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰia²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰap̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sap̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (152)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰˠɛp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰᵚæp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɐp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰəɨp̚/
Li
Rong
/kʰɐp̚/
Wang
Li
/kʰɐp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qia
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4989
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰruːb/

DefinitionsEdit

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CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(heup) (hangeul , revised heup, McCune–Reischauer hŭp, Yale hup)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.