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U+90ED, 郭
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-90ED

[U+90EC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+90EE]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 163 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 卜木弓中 (YDNL), four-corner 07427, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1273, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39474
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1771, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3780, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+90ED

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʷaːɡ
*tjunʔ, *kʷaːɡ, *kʷreːɡ
*kʷaːɡ
*kʷaːɡ
*kʷaːɡ
*tʰuːn, *kʰʷaːɡ
*kʰʷaːɡ
*kʰʷaːɡ
*kʰʷaːɡ, *qʰʷraːɡ
*qʰʷaːɡ

Pictogram (象形):  (tall building) +  (city) – a city with tall buildings.

PronunciationEdit


Note: koeh, kerh, keh - vernacular, kok - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kuo⁵⁵/
Harbin /kuo⁴⁴/
Tianjin /kuo²¹/
Jinan /kuə²¹³/
Qingdao /kuə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /kuo²⁴/
Xi'an /kuo²¹/
Xining /ku⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kuə¹³/
Lanzhou /kuə¹³/
Ürümqi /kuɤ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /kuo²¹³/
Chengdu /kue³¹/
/ko³¹/
Guiyang /ko²¹/
Kunming /ko³¹/
Nanjing /kueʔ⁵/
Hefei /kuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /kuəʔ²/
Pingyao /kuʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /kuəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /koʔ⁵/
Suzhou /koʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /koʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ko²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi /ko⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ko²⁴/
Xiangtan /ko²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /kuɔʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kuok̚¹/
Taoyuan /kok̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwɔk̚³/
Nanning /kʰɔk̚³³/
Hong Kong /kwɔk̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kɔk̚³²/
/keʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuɔʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kua²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kueʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kɔk̚⁵/
/kue⁵⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (104)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kwɑk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwak̚/
Li
Rong
/kuɑk̚/
Wang
Li
/kuɑk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwɑk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guō
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwak ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʷˤak/
English outer wall

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4752
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷaːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. outer part (of a city)
  2. A surname​.

DescendantsEdit

  • (Hokkien dialect) Tagalog: Kwok, Que

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gwak) (hangeul , revised gwak, McCune-Reischauer kwak, Yale kwak)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(quách)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.