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U+6C11, 民
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C11

[U+6C10]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C12]
U+2EA0, ⺠
CJK RADICAL CIVILIAN

[U+2E9F]
CJK Radicals Supplement
[U+2EA1]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 83, +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 口女心 (RVP), four-corner 77747, composition ⿸⿰𠄌𫠠)

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 598, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17028
  • Dae Jaweon: page 988, character 32
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2131, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6C11

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Pictogram (象形) – an eye pierced by a dagger. This may be interpreted as (OC *mraːŋ, “blind”) or “slave < to enslave by blinding”.

Etymology edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-mi(j)-n (people, man, human being). Cognate with Tibetan མི (mi) and Dzongkha མི (mi).

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter mjin
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/miɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/min/
Shao
Rongfen
/mjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/min/
Li
Rong
/miĕn/
Wang
Li
/mĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
mín
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
man4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
mín
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjin ›
Old
Chinese
/*mi[ŋ]/
English people

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9130
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*min/

Definitions edit

  1. people; citizens
      ―  guómín  ―  citizen
  2. folk; popular
      ―  mínyáo  ―  folk song
  3. member of an ethnic group
  4. person of a particular occupation
  5. civilian

Compounds edit

Descendants edit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (みん) (min)
  • Korean: 민(民) (min)
  • Vietnamese: dân ()

References edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. nation, peoples

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
たみ
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
たみ
[noun] citizen
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
みん
Grade: 4
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC mjin).

Pronunciation edit

Affix edit

(みん) (minみん (min)?

  1. citizen

Suffix edit

(みん) (-minみん (min)?

  1. (Internet slang, dated) regular of a certain social website or website section
    なんJ民(ジェイみん)nanjei-minone who frequents the 2channel NanJ board

Korean edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Chinese (MC mjin).

Historical readings

Pronunciation edit

Hanja edit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 백성 (baekseong min))

  1. Hanja form? of (the people; the populace; the nation).

Compounds edit

References edit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: dân, rân

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Noun edit

  1. chữ Hán form of dân.