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See also: 呜呼

Contents

ChineseEdit

(onomat. for humming)
 
to call; to cry; to shout; to breath out; to exhale
trad. (嗚呼)
simp. (呜呼)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (34) (32)
Final () (23) (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔuo/ /huo/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔuo/ /huo/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔo/ /xo/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔɔ/ /hɔ/
Li
Rong
/ʔo/ /xo/
Wang
Li
/u/ /xu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔuo/ /xuo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ xu › ‹ xuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰˁa/ /*qʰˁa-s/
English call out, shout call out, shout

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 13078 5181
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qaː/ /*qʰaː/

InterjectionEdit

嗚呼

  1. (archaic) alas; alack; wellaway

VerbEdit

嗚呼

  1. (euphemistic) to die; to pass away

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Grade: 6
Irregular

Compare English ah.

The kanji spelling is an example of phonetic ateji (当て字), borrowed from Chinese 嗚呼.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

InterjectionEdit

嗚呼 (hiragana ああ, katakana アー, rōmaji ā)

  1. ah, oh
    1. an expression of surprise
    2. word expressing affirmation
    3. word used to call attention
    4. word expressing a grunt or pain
Usage notesEdit
  • Used in Old Japanese as 借訓 (shakkun, kanji spelling used as a Japanese sound) kana for a.

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Grade: 6
Irregular

Origin unknown; compare おかしい (strange, funny). Historically written ヲコ or ウコ; the kanji spelling is ateji (当て字).[2]

Alternative formsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

嗚呼 (-na inflection, hiragana おこ, rōmaji oko)

  1. (archaic) foolish, stupid
  2. (archaic) funny, clownish

NounEdit

嗚呼 (hiragana おこ, rōmaji oko)

  1. folly, absurdity, foolishness

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ Heibonsha World Encyclopedia[1] (in Japanese), 1998