Open main menu

Wiktionary β

Contents

ChineseEdit

 
clear; bright; to understand; next; the Ming dynasty
 
white; empty; blank; bright; clear; plain; pure; gratuitous
simp. and trad.
(明白)
Literally: “clear and clean”.

EtymologyEdit

Attested in Zhuangzi ("clear and clean"), Chu Ci ("bright and clean"), Mozi ("to be evident, clear"), Tao Te Ching ("to know, to understand").

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (4) (3)
Final () (111) (113)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mˠiæŋ/ /bˠæk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/mᵚiaŋ/ /bᵚak̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/miaŋ/ /bak̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/miajŋ/ /baɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/miɐŋ/ /bɐk̚/
Wang
Li
/mĭɐŋ/ /bɐk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯ɐŋ/ /bʱɐk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
míng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
míng bái
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjæng › ‹ bæk ›
Old
Chinese
/*mraŋ/ /*bˤrak/
English bright white

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 9188 207
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mraŋ/ /*braːɡ/

VerbEdit

明白

  1. to understand; to know
    明白 [MSC, trad.]
    明白 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ jiǎng de huà nǐ míngbai le ma? [Pinyin]
    Do you understand what I said?
    什麼心裡明白 [MSC, trad.]
    什么心里明白 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐ zài xiǎng shénme, wǒ xīnli quán míngbai. [Pinyin]
    I know for sure what you are thinking.

SynonymsEdit

  • (to understand):

Usage notesEdit

When used as a verb, 明白 conveys an understanding of a meaning or a situation. To express an ability to understand a language, see 會說会说 (huìshuō, “to be able to speak”), 聽懂听懂 (tīngdǒng, “to understand by listening”) or 看懂 (kàndǒng, “to understand when reading”).

AdjectiveEdit

明白

  1. clear; obvious; evident
  2. open; explicit; frank
  3. sensible; reasonable

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

  • (not to be confused with) 明日 (míngrì)

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (明白):

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
めい
Grade: 2
はく
Grade: 1
on’yomi

Adjectival nounEdit

明白 (-na inflection, hiragana めいはく, rōmaji meihaku)

  1. clear, obvious, plain, undeniable
    明白 (めいはく) (あん) () () (けつ) () () (はん)だ。
    Meihaku na anporiketsugiihan da.
    It is a clear violation of Security Council resolutions.

InflectionEdit

NounEdit

明白 (hiragana めいはく, rōmaji meihaku)

  1. obviousness, undeniability

ReferencesEdit

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.
  • 2002, Yasuo Kitahara, 明鏡国語辞典 (Meikyō Kokugo Jiten), First Edition (in Japanese), Tokyo: Taishūkan Shoten, →ISBN

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

AdjectiveEdit

明白

  1. Hán tự form of minh bạch