U+80A9, 肩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-80A9

[U+80A8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+80AA]

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative formsEdit

The form differs between traditional Chinese, simplified Chinese, and Japanese shinjitai, as depicted at right. These are represented by the same Unicode code point; see Han unification.

  • Traditional Han: Ideogrammic compound (會意): + ; the body's gate.
  • Simplified Han: Ideogrammic compound (會意): + .
  • Japanese: Ideogrammic compound (會意): + .

Han characterEdit

(radical 130, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹尸月 (HSB) or 戈尸月 (ISB), four-corner 30227, composition ⿸戶 or ⿸月 or ⿸月)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 975, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38895
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1426, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2052, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+80A9

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Proto-Kam-Sui *k-xiːn¹ (arm), Proto-Tai *qeːnᴬ (arm) (whence Thai แขน (kɛ̌ɛn, arm)) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • keng/kaiⁿ/kuiⁿ/kan - vernacular;
  • kian - literary.
Note:
  • goin1 - Chaozhou, Shantou;
  • gain1 - Jieyang, Chaoyang, Huilai, Puning.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (85)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ken/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ken/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kɛn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kɛn/
    Li
    Rong
    /ken/
    Wang
    Li
    /kien/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kien/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiān
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gin1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ken ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ˁe[n]/
    English shoulder (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6023
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*keːn/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. shoulders
      麥子十里山路 [MSC, trad.]
      麦子十里山路 [MSC, simp.]
      From: Xi Jinping
      káng liǎng bǎi jīn màizǐ zǒu shílǐ shānlù bù huàn jiān [Pinyin]
      Shoulder 100kg of wheat and walk 5km of mountain trail without swapping shoulder.
    2. to shoulder
    3. to bear

    SynonymsEdit

    • (shoulders):
    • (to bear):

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. shoulder

    ReadingsEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    Kanji in this term
    かた
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
      on Japanese Wikipedia

    NounEdit

    (かた) (kata

    1. a shoulder
      • 2013 April 7 [Dec 9 2012], ONE; Murata, Yusuke, “(さん)(げき)() (さい)(がい)(そん)(ざい) [3rd Hit: Existential Crisis]”, in ONEPUNCH-MAN(【ワンパンマン】) [One-Punch Man], volume 1 (fiction), 6th edition, Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN, page 53:
        (かた)(かた)に (かた)()ってる(やつ)(ころ)せ‼
        Kata! Kata ni Kata ni notteru yatsu o korose‼
        Shoulder! Your shoulder! Kill the bastard on your shoulder!!

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
    2. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC ken). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: kyen) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 어깨 (eokkae gyeon))

    1. Hanja form? of (shoulder).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]