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U+80A9, 肩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-80A9

[U+80A8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+80AA]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

EtymologyEdit

The form differs between traditional Chinese, simplified Chinese, and Japanese shinjitai, as depicted at right. These are represented by the same Unicode code point; see Han unification.

  • Traditional Han: Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + ; the body's gate.
  • Simplified Han: Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + .
  • Japanese: Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + .

Han characterEdit

(radical 130 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹尸月 (HSB) or 戈尸月 (ISB), four-corner 30227, composition ⿸戶 or ⿸月 or ⿸月)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 975, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29299
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1426, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2052, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+80A9

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰreːn
*ɡren*
*keːn
*keːn
*keːn
*keːn

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kian - literary;
  • kuiⁿ/keng/kan - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ken/
Pan
Wuyun
/ken/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɛn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɛn/
Li
Rong
/ken/
Wang
Li
/kien/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kien/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiān
Middle
Chinese
‹ ken ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤe[n]/
English shoulder (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6023
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*keːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. shoulders
  2. to shoulder
  3. to bear

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. shoulder

ReadingsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Kanji in this term
かた
Grade: S
kun’yomi
  on Japanese Wikipedia

NounEdit

(hiragana かた, rōmaji kata)

  1. a shoulder
    • 2013 April 7, ONE; Murata, Yusuke, “げき さいがいそんざい [3rd Hit: Existential Crisis]”, in ONEPUNCH-MAN【ワンパンマン】 [ONE-PUNCH MAN], volume 1 (fiction, in Japanese), 6th edition, Tokyo: Shueisha, ISBN 978-4-08-870701-3, page 53:
       (かた) (かた)に  (かた) ()ってる (やつ) (ころ)せ‼
      Kata! Kata ni Kata ni notteru yatsu o korose‼
      Shoulder! Your shoulder! Kill the bastard on your shoulder‼

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gyeon) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.