See also:
U+920D, 鈍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-920D

[U+920C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+920E]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 167, +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 金心山 (CPU), four-corner 85117, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1298, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40219
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1801, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4175, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+920D

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *duːns): semantic  (metal) + phonetic  (OC *duːn, *tun).

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-t(u/i)l (dull; blunt). Compare Tibetan རྟུལ (rtul, dull; blunt).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Xiamen, Zhangzhou:
    • tun/tūn - “not sharp”;
    • tūn - “stupid”.
  • Quanzhou:
    • tūn - literary;
    • tǔn - vernacular.
  • Taiwan:
    • tun/tūn - “not sharp”;
    • tùn/tūn - “stupid”.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (55)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/duənH/
Pan
Wuyun
/duonH/
Shao
Rongfen
/duənH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dwənH/
Li
Rong
/duənH/
Wang
Li
/duənH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱuənH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dùn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*duːns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. dull; blunt; not sharp
  2. dull-witted; dim-witted; slow-witted; stupid
  3. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. something blunt, blunt sword
  2. "good-for-nothing", incompetent person, coward
  3. (vulgar) sleepyhead, slowpoke, dawdler, loafer

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(にび) (nibi

  1. Short for 鈍色.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(dun) (hangeul , revised dun, McCune–Reischauer tun, Yale twun)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(độn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.