v U+0076, v
LATIN SMALL LETTER V
u
[U+0075]
Basic Latin w
[U+0077]
U+1D5B, ᵛ
MODIFIER LETTER SMALL V

[U+1D5A]
Phonetic Extensions
[U+1D5C]
U+2174, ⅴ
SMALL ROMAN NUMERAL FIVE

[U+2173]
Number Forms
[U+2175]
U+FF56, v
FULLWIDTH LATIN SMALL LETTER V

[U+FF55]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF57]

Translingual edit

Etymology 1 edit

  Minuscule variation of Latin V, from seventh century Old Latin adoption of Old Italic letter 𐌖 (V), from Ancient Greek letter Υ (Y, Upsilon).

Letter edit

v (upper case V)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Lower case form of upper case roman numeral V, from abbreviation of IIIIΛ or IIIIV (representing 5), from tally stick markings resembling \\\\⋁ or ////⋀, from the practice of designating each fifth notch with a double cut, like the corresponding Western tally mark,  .

Alternative forms edit

Numeral edit

v (lower case Roman numeral, upper case V)

  1. cardinal number five (5).

See also edit

Etymology 3 edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)

Symbol edit

v

  1. (physics) velocity
  2. (IPA) a voiced labiodental fricative.
    (superscript ⟨ᵛ⟩) [v]-fricated release of a plosive, sometimes implying an affricate; [v]-coloring, or a weak, fleeting or epenthetic [v].

Gallery edit

See also edit

Other representations of V:

English edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English lower case letter v (also written u), from Old English lower case u and respelling of Old English f between vowels and voiced consonants.

  •   Old English lower case f from 7th century replacement by Latin lower case f of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (f, feoh), derived from Etruscan letter 𐌅 (v).
  •   Old English lower case u from 7th century replacement by Latin lower case v of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (u, ur), derived from Raetic letter u.

Before the 1700s, the pointed form v was written at the beginning of a word, while a rounded form u was used elsewhere, regardless of sound. So whereas valor and excuse appeared as in modern printing, have and upon were printed haue and vpon. Eventually, in the 1700s, to differentiate between the consonant and vowel sounds, the v form was used to represent the consonant, and u the vowel sound. v then preceded u in the alphabet, but the order has since reversed.

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

v (lower case, upper case V, plural vs or v's)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the English alphabet, called vee and written in the Latin script.
See also edit

Noun edit

v (plural vs or v's)

  1. a shape resembling the letter v
    The impact was so strong, it bent the bar into a v.

Etymology 2 edit

Clipping of versus.

Preposition edit

v

  1. (UK and Commonwealth except Canada, Ireland) Abbreviation of versus.
    Synonyms: v., vs.
    England v Scotland
Usage notes edit
  • In legal contexts, usage is typically restricted to case citations, and the pronunciation may be as versus, vee, against, or and, depending on the region and nature of the case.

Etymology 3 edit

Clipping of very.

Adverb edit

v

  1. (informal, text messaging) Clipping of very.
    You were acting v rude to his boyfriend on New Year's.
    • 2006, Cathy Wield, Life After Darkness: A Doctor's Journey Through Severe Depression[1], Seattle, WA: Radcliffe Publishing, →ISBN, page 109:
      I'm v tired. I slept v badly, awake from 3–6 a.m., so I've slept all afternoon.
    • 2007, Dyan Sheldon, Deep and Meaningful Diaries from Planet Janet, Somerville, MA: Candlewick Press, →ISBN, page 253:
      I said it wasn't a crush, I just thought he was v attractive.
    • 2019 July 23, Matt Galea, “Punters Reckon Ashley Benson's New Tatt Is A Tribute To Girlfriend Cara Delevingne”, in Pedestrian[2], archived from the original on July 23, 2019:
      Since becoming social media official, Cara Delevingne and Ashley Benson have been sashaying around town together and being v cute

Etymology 4 edit

Abbreviations.

v

  1. (stenoscript) Abbreviation of of.
  2. (stenoscript) Abbreviation of very.
  3. (stenoscript) the suffix or final syllable -tive or -ive

See also edit

Azerbaijani edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

v lower case (upper case V)

  1. The thirtieth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Basque edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Basque alphabet, called uve and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes edit

  • Used chiefly in recent loanwords and foreign proper nouns.

See also edit

Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Catalan alphabet, called ve and written in the Latin script.

Czech edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Czech v, ve, from Proto-Slavic *vъ(n), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

v

  1. in (inside, for an enclosed space) [+locative]
    On je v divadle.He is in the theater.
  2. at (indicating time) [+accusative]
    v šest hodinat six o'clock
  3. on (indicating a day) [+accusative]
    v pátekon Friday
  4. in (indicating a year) [+locative]
    v roce 2007in the year 2007
  5. in (indicating a month) [+locative]
    v lednuin January
  6. in (used after certain verbs) [+accusative]
    věřit v Bohato believe in God

Usage notes edit

  • The more usual form is v, while ve is used before words starting with f, v, w and certain consonant clusters.

Further reading edit

  • v in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • v in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also edit

  • Previous letter: u
  • Next letter: w

Esperanto edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called vo and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Faroese edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

v (upper case V)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Faroese alphabet, called ve and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

The Finnish orthography using the Latin script was based on those of Swedish, German and Latin, and was first used in the mid-16th century. No earlier script is known. See the Wikipedia article on Finnish for more information, and v for information on the development of the glyph itself.

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Finnish alphabet, called vee and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Noun edit

v

  1. Abbreviation of vuosi.
  2. Abbreviation of -vuotias.

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. the twenty-second letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet
    • 1837, Louis Viardot, L’Ingénieux Hidalgo Don Quichotte de la Manchefr.Wikisource, translation of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Volume I, Chapter I:
      Lui cherchant alors un nom qui ne s’écartât pas trop du sien, qui sentît et représentât la grande dame et la princesse, il vint à l’appeler Dulcinée du Toboso, parce qu’elle était native de ce village : nom harmonieux à son avis, rare et distingué, et non moins expressif que tous ceux qu’il avait donnés à son équipage et à lui-même.
      Through searching himself thus for a name that did not diverge too much from his own, that would suit and represent the great lady and princess, he came to call her Dulcinea del Toboso, because she was a native of this village [Toboso]: a name in his opinion harmonious, rare and distinguished, and no less expressive than all the ones that he had given to his team and to himself.

Hungarian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): [ˈv]
  • (letter name): IPA(key): [ˈveː]

Letter edit

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The thirty-eighth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative v v-k
accusative v-t v-ket
dative v-nek v-knek
instrumental v-vel v-kkel
causal-final v-ért v-kért
translative v-vé v-kké
terminative v-ig v-kig
essive-formal v-ként v-kként
essive-modal
inessive v-ben v-kben
superessive v-n v-ken
adessive v-nél v-knél
illative v-be v-kbe
sublative v-re v-kre
allative v-hez v-khez
elative v-ből v-kből
delative v-ről v-kről
ablative v-től v-ktől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
v-é v-ké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
v-éi v-kéi
Possessive forms of v
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. v-m v-im
2nd person sing. v-d v-id
3rd person sing. v-je v-i
1st person plural v-nk v-ink
2nd person plural v-tek v-itek
3rd person plural v-jük v-ik

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • v in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Icelandic edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (letter name) IPA(key): /vafː/

Letter edit

v (upper case V)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Icelandic alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Ido edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (context pronunciation) IPA(key): /v/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ve/

Letter edit

v (upper case V)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Italian edit

Letter edit

v f or m (invariable, lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twentieth letter of the Italian alphabet, called vu or vi and written in the Latin script.

Japanese edit

Punctuation mark edit

v

  1. (text messaging, Internet slang, dated) <3

Synonyms edit

References edit

Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

  • u (post-Classical)

Pronunciation edit

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /w/, /u/, /uː/

Letter edit

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. (sometimes with littera) The 20th letter of the Latin alphabet.

See also edit

  • Previous letter: t
  • Next letter: x

References edit

  • v in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • v”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers

Latvian edit

 
Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology edit

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation edit

  This entry needs an audio pronunciation. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record this word. The recorded pronunciation will appear here when it's ready.

Letter edit

 
V

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The thirty-first letter of the Latvian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Livonian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

v (upper case V)

  1. The thirty-seventh letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Malay edit

Letter edit

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Maltese edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /v/
  • IPA(key): /f/ (by final devoicing or assimilation to a following voiceless obstruent)
  • With very few exceptions, this letter occurs only in borrowings.

Letter edit

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Maltese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Mandarin edit

Letter edit

v

  1. Nonstandard form of ü.

Usage notes edit

v is sometimes used as a substitute for ü in Hanyu Pinyin-based input systems. As a result, it occasionally appears in print as well, though this is nonstandard.

Mapudungun edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

v (upper case V)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Mapudungun alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

There are multiple alphabets for writing Mapudungun. The letters that are not in brackets are from the unified alphabet, while the ones in brackets are from the four other alphabets.

Middle French edit

Etymology edit

Latin u, v.

Letter edit

v

  1. u (letter)
  2. v (letter)

Usage notes edit

  • u and v were represented by a single character in Middle French, although scholars consider them to be separate letters both in terms of usage and in terms of pronunciation.

Norwegian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ʋeː/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ʋ/, /v/, /f/
  • (file)

Letter edit

v

  1. The 22nd letter of the Norwegian alphabet.

Nupe edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Nupe alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Old Czech edit

Alternative forms edit

  • u (often before labial consonants)

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *vъ(n) , from Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥.

Preposition edit

v

  1. in (inside, for an enclosed space) (followed by the locative case)
  2. in (used after certain verbs) (followed by the accusative case)
    vyjěti v bojgo into battle

Descendants edit

  • Czech: v

Further reading edit

Portuguese edit

Letter edit

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Portuguese alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Romani edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. (International Standard) The twenty-ninth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. (Pan-Vlax) The thirtieth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Romanian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Romanian alphabet, called ve or and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Serbo-Croatian edit

Alternative forms edit

  • V (uppercase)

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

v (Cyrillic spelling в)

  1. The 28th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), preceded by u and followed by z.
  2. Obsolete form of u.

Preposition edit

v (Cyrillic spelling в)

  1. (Kajkavian) in, at [+locative]
  2. (Kajkavian) to, into [+accusative]
  3. (Kajkavian) on, in, at, during (in expressions concerning time) [+accusative]
  4. (Kajkavian) in, during (in expressions concerning time) [+locative]

Synonyms edit

Skolt Sami edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

v (upper case V)

  1. The thirty-second letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Slovene edit

Etymology 1 edit

Letter edit

v

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Slovene alphabet, called ve and written in the Latin script.
Alternative forms edit
  • (uppercase) V
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Slavic *vъ(n).

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

v

  1. (answering question where) (with locative) in, inside, at
  2. (answering question where to) (with accusative) to, into
  3. (indicating a day) (with accusative) on, in, at, during (in expressions concerning time)
  4. (indicating a month or period of time) (with locative) in, during
    V tem aprilu je veliko deževalo.This April it was raining a lot.
    V petih letih ni padla niti kapljica dežja.Within five years not even a droplet of rain has fallen.

Further reading edit

  • v”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): (phoneme) /b/
  • IPA(key): (letter name) /ˈbe/ [ˈbe] (traditional, spelled ve), /ˈube/ [ˈu.β̞e] (common in most countries, spelled uve)
  • (common in some countries)

Letter edit

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. the twenty-third (23rd) letter of the Spanish alphabet

Usage notes edit

  • The common letter names, as well as phrases like ve de vaca are used to distinguish the letter v from the letter b. This is done because the two letters represent a single phoneme in modern Spanish, causing their traditional names be and ve both to be pronounced as /ˈbe/.

See also edit

Tagalog edit

Etymology edit

From Spanish v. Each pronunciation has a different source:

  • Filipino alphabet pronunciation is influenced by English v.
  • Abecedario pronunciation is from Spanish v.

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: v
  • (letter name, Filipino alphabet):
  • (letter name, Abecedario):
  • (phoneme):
  • Rhymes: -i, -e

Letter edit

v (lower case, upper case V, Baybayin spelling ᜊᜒ)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Filipino alphabet), called vi and written in the Latin script.
  2. (historical) The twenty-fifth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Abecedario), called ve and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes edit

  • This letter is mostly used only in proper nouns, unadapted loanwords, or Spanish-based spellings.
  • Some purists of Tagalog replace v in words with b.

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • v”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018

Turkish edit

Letter edit

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ve and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Zulu edit

Letter edit

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit