G U+0047, G
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER G
F
[U+0046]
Basic Latin H
[U+0048]
U+FF27, G
FULLWIDTH LATIN CAPITAL LETTER G

[U+FF26]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF28]

Translingual

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English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology

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From a modification of the Latin letter C (ce), from the Etruscan letter 𐌂 (c, ce), from the Ancient Greek letter Γ (G, gamma), derived from the Phoenician letter 𐤂 (g, giml), from the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓌙.

Letter

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G (lower case g)

  1. The seventh letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

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Symbol

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G

  1. (metrology) giga-.
  2. gauss.
  3. (biochemistry) glycine, a natural amino acid.
  4. (biochemistry) Any of the nucleotides guanodine, nucleoside guanosine, or nucleobase guanine, which are components of DNA.
  5. (physics) The gravitational constant in the formula F = Gm1m2/r2; sometimes called "big G" to distinguish from g for the acceleration of gravity.
  6. (music) The major chord with a root of G.
  7. (medicine) Symbol for the Birmingham gauge.
    Coordinate term: F (French gauge)
  8. (linguistics) A wildcard for a glide or semivowel
  9. (clothing) Bra cup size.
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See also

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The template Template:Letter does not use the parameter(s):
Character=G7
Please see Module:checkparams for help with this warning.

Other representations of G:

English

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Etymology 1

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Pronunciation

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  • (letter name): IPA(key): /dʒiː/
  • Audio (UK):(file)
  • Rhymes: -iː

Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g, plural Gs or G's)

  1. The seventh letter of the English alphabet, called gee and written in the Latin script.
    • 1943 November – 1944 February (date written; published 1945 August 17), George Orwell [pseudonym; Eric Arthur Blair], Animal Farm [], London: Secker & Warburg, published May 1962, →OCLC:
      On several occasions, indeed, he did learn E, F, G, H, but by the time he knew them, it was always discovered that he had forgotten A, B, C, and D.
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Number

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G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The ordinal number seventh, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called gee and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 2

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Noun

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G (countable and uncountable, plural Gs)

  1. (sports, baseball) Games (the statistic reporting the number of games that a player has participated in).
  2. (US, politics) Green.
  3. (US, of a movie) General (suitable for a general audience).
  4. (sports) Goals (a sports statistic).
  5. Ground floor (of a building).
  6. A galaxy.
  7. Gravity.
  8. (chiefly US) Abbreviation of grand (thousand (dollars, pounds etc.)).
    • 1994, The Notorious B.I.G. (lyrics and music), “Juicy”, in Ready to Die, performed by The Notorious B.I.G.:
      Super Nintendo, Sega Genesis / When I was dead broke, man, I couldn't picture this / 50-inch screen, money-green leather sofa / Got two rides, a limousine with a chauffeur / Phone bill about two G's flat / No need to worry, my accountant handles that / And my whole crew is loungin' / Celebratin' every day, no more public housin'
    • 2005, “Stay Fly”, in Jordan Houston, Darnell Carlton, Paul Beauregard, Premro Smith, Marlon Goodwin, David Brown, Willie Hutchinson (lyrics), Most Known Unknown[1], performed by Three 6 Mafia (featuring Young Buck, 8 Ball, and MJG), Sony BMG:
      Just really want to smoke my weed, fuck these hoes, and stack my Gs.
    • 2010 September 9, Gloria Campisi, “Psychologist sues city for 100G, alleging beating by cop earlier this year”, in Philadelphia Inquirer:
      Psychologist sues city for 100G, alleging beating by cop earlier this year
    • 2023, Nathan Bryon, Tom Melia, directed by Raine Allen-Miller, Rye Lane, spoken by Nathan (Simon Manyonda):
      See the hoverboard-riding geezer? This close to payin' a G for a shot of my cousin Calvin's molars.
  9. (grammar) Abbreviation of genitive case.
  10. (UK, education) The academic grade that comes next below F.
  11. (slang) Abbreviation of gangster; often used to address one's friend.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:friend
    • 1995 August 1, “Gangsta's Paradise”, in Gangsta's Paradise, performed by Coolio featuring L.V.:
      I'm the kinda G the little homies wanna be like / On my knees in the night, sayin' prayers in the streetlight
    • 2014, Skepta, Jme (lyrics and music), “That's Not Me” (track 10), in Konnichiwa, performed by Skepta featuring Jme:
      Love for the G's in the ends / But we don't love no girls in the ends / Last time I fell in love with a sket / But trust me, I will never do that again
  12. (economics) Abbreviation for Government Spending.
  13. Alternative letter-case form of g (unit of gravitational acceleration).
  14. (drug slang) Short for gamma-hydroxybutyrate or gamma-butyrolactone.
    • 2017, James Wharton, Something for the Weekend[2], Biteback Publishing, →ISBN:
      Friday afternoon, 4.30. The order has gone to my dealer: two bags of meph, 50ml of G.
  15. (obsolete, chemistry) glucinum.
  16. (nautical, historical) Initialism of grog. marked in the ship's books when a sailor took the daily rum ration
    Coordinate term: T
Alternative forms
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Derived terms
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Afar

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Letter

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G

  1. The fourteenth letter in the Afar alphabet.

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Afrikaans

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Pronunciation

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  • (letter name): IPA(key): /χɪə/

Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The seventh letter of the Afrikaans alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Noun

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G (plural G's, diminutive G'tjie)

  1. G

Angami

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Letter

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G

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Angami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

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Azerbaijani

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Letter

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G upper case (lower case g)

  1. The ninth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

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Basque

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The seventh letter of the Basque alphabet, called ge and written in the Latin script.

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Central Franconian

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Etymology

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  • /ɡ/ is from West Germanic stem-initial *g in most of Moselle Franconian; from *gg in Ripuarian and northernmost Moselle Franconian; in much of Ripuarian from *d, *þ after long high vowels.
  • For the origin of /j/, see J. /ɣ/ replaces the former after back vowels.

Pronunciation

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  • /ɡ/, /ɣ/, /j/, (coda respectively) [k], [x], [ɕ]

Letter

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G

  1. A letter in the German-based alphabet of Central Franconian.
  2. A letter in the Dutch-based alphabet of Central Franconian.

Usage notes

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Chinese

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Etymology 1

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From English G, gig (gigabyte).

Alternative forms

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  • (Hong Kong Cantonese) (gik1), GB

Pronunciation

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Noun

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G

  1. (computing, informal) gigabyte
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  • M (megabyte)

References

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Etymology 2

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From Mandarin ().

Pronunciation

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Noun

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G

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese, Internet slang, neologism) female prostitute (Classifier: c)
    call G [Cantonese]  ―  ko1 zi1 [Jyutping]  ―  to visit a female prostitute
Synonyms
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Etymology 3

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Pronunciation 1

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Note:
  • zyu1 - Guangzhou;
  • zi1 - Hong Kong, often realised as /t͡ʃiː⁵⁵/ by younger speakers.
Note: Often realised as 1jji.
Letter
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G

  1. The seventh letter of the Latin alphabet.

Pronunciation 2

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Letter
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G

  1. The seventh letter used in Pinyin.
Usage notes
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  • 《汉语拼音方案》 defines a standard pronunciation for each letter. However, these pronunciations are rarely used in education; another pronunciation is commonly used instead.
  • The pronunciation above are only used while referring to letters in Pinyin. They are not used in other context (such as English).

Chipewyan

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Pronunciation

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  1. IPA(key): /k/

Letter

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G (lower case g)

  1. A letter of the Chipewyan alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Dutch

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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G (capital, lowercase g)

  1. The seventh letter of the Dutch alphabet.

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Elfdalian

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Letter

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G (upper case G, lower case g)

  1. The ninth letter of the Elfdalian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

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The Dalecarlian runic variant for this letter is not available in Unicode.

Esperanto

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The eighth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called go and written in the Latin script.

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Estonian

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Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The seventh letter of the Estonian alphabet, called gee and written in the Latin script.

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Finnish

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Etymology

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The Finnish orthography using the Latin script was based on those of Swedish, German and Latin, and was first used in the mid-16th century. No earlier script is known. See the Wikipedia article on Finnish for more information, and G for information on the development of the glyph itself.

Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The seventh letter of the Finnish alphabet, called gee and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

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  • Used only in loanwords except for ng [ŋː].

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Noun

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G

  1. Alternative letter-case form of g (G (musical note))

Adjective

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G

  1. Abbreviation of gluteeniton (gluten-free) (e.g. in restaurant menus).

Usage notes

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The abbreviations G, L, VL and M are the most common of their kind seen in restaurant menus. Other abbreviations are also seen, but not as standardized. Most menus contain a list of the abbreviations they use, including the four common ones.

German

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German Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia de

Pronunciation

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  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ɡeː/
  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /ɡ/, (coda) /k/, /ç/, /x/
    • In Standard German proper, ‹g› in the syllable coda is pronounced [k] except for the unstressed syllable ig, which becomes [ɪç]. In southern Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and South Tyrol, [ɪk] is often heard in the latter case, too. In northern and central Germany, conversely, coda ‹g› is traditionally always pronounced like ‹ch›, thus as fricative [ç], [x~χ]. Many speakers have now adapted to the standard or mix both ways, e.g. restricting the fricative (outside of ig) to some of the commonest words. Those who still use it generally, may nevertheless switch to [k] in enunciation or when reading out.
    • Fricative realisations [j~ʝ~ʒ] and [x~ɣ~ʁ] also occur syllable-initially in various regions, but these are now clearly marked as dialectal.

Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The seventh letter of the German alphabet.

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Hungarian

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

Declension

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Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative G G-k
accusative G-t G-ket
dative G-nek G-knek
instrumental G-vel G-kkel
causal-final G-ért G-kért
translative G-vé G-kké
terminative G-ig G-kig
essive-formal G-ként G-kként
essive-modal
inessive G-ben G-kben
superessive G-n G-ken
adessive G-nél G-knél
illative G-be G-kbe
sublative G-re G-kre
allative G-hez G-khez
elative G-ből G-kből
delative G-ről G-kről
ablative G-től G-ktől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
G-é G-ké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
G-éi G-kéi
Possessive forms of G
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. G-m G-im
2nd person sing. G-d G-id
3rd person sing. G-je G-i
1st person plural G-nk G-ink
2nd person plural G-tek G-itek
3rd person plural G-jük G-ik

Derived terms

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See also

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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G (lower case g)

  1. The seventh letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

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Indonesian

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The seventh letter of the Indonesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

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Italian

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Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation

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  • (letter name) IPA(key): **/ˈd͡ʒi/*
    • Rhymes: -i
  • (phonemic realization) IPA(key): /ɡ/
  • (phonemic realization before e or i) IPA(key): /d͡ʒ/

Letter

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G f or m (invariable, upper case, lower case g)

  1. The seventh letter of the Italian alphabet, called gi and written in the Latin script.

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Japanese

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Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1

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From English G.

Noun

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G(ジー) (

  1. G, gravity

Etymology 2

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Initial of ゴキブリ (gokiburi).

Noun

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G(ジー) (

  1. (slang, euphemistic) cockroach
    G(ジー)との格闘(かくとう)
    to no kakutō
    fight with a cockroach

Kashubian

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Etymology

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The Kashubian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Kashubian alphabet article on Wikipedia for more, and G for development of the glyph itself.

Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Kashubian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Latvian

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Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology

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Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation

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Letter

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G

G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The tenth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

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Malay

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Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation

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  • (Name of letter) IPA(key): [d͡ʒi]
  • (Phoneme, Syllable initial) IPA(key): [ɡ]
  • (Phoneme, Syllable final) IPA(key): [k̚]

Letter

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G

  1. The seventh letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Norwegian Bokmål

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Noun

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G

  1. (pensions) Initialism of grunnbeløp.

Norwegian Nynorsk

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Noun

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G

  1. (pensions) Initialism of grunnbeløp.

Nupe

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The eighth letter of the Nupe alphabet, written in the Latin script.

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Polish

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Etymology

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The Polish orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the history of Polish orthography article on Wikipedia for more, and G for development of the glyph itself.

Pronunciation

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Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The tenth letter of the Polish alphabet, called gie and written in the Latin script.

See also

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Portuguese

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The seventh letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Romani

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. (International Standard) The ninth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. (Pan-Vlax) The tenth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

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Romanian

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The ninth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called ge, ghe, or and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

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When followed by an i or e, this letter represents the phoneme /dʒ/, as in plângi (/plɨndʒʲ/) and înger (/ɨn.dʒer/). When followed by hi or he (ghi and ghe) and in all other cases, it represents /ɡ/.

See also

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Scottish Gaelic

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The seventh letter of the Scottish Gaelic alphabet, written in the Latin script. It is preceded by f and followed by h. Its traditional name is gort (ivy).

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Silesian

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Etymology

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The Silesian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Silesian language article on Wikipedia for more, and G for development of the glyph itself.

Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The ninth letter of the Silesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Skolt Sami

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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G (lower case g)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Slovene

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Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Etymology

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From Gaj's Latin alphabet G, from Czech alphabet G, from Latin G, from a modification of the Latin letter C (ce), from the Etruscan letter 𐌂 (c, ce), from the Ancient Greek letter Γ (G, gamma), derived from the Phoenician letter 𐤂 (g, giml), from the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓌙. Pronunciation as /ɡə/ is initial Slovene (phoneme plus a fill vowel) and the second pronunciation is probably taken from German G.

Pronunciation

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  • Phoneme
  • Letter name

Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The eighth letter of the Slovene alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. The eleventh letter of the Slovene alphabet (Resian), written in the Latin script.
  3. The eighth letter of the Slovene alphabet (Natisone Valley dialect), written in the Latin script.

Noun

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G m inan

  1. The name of the Latin script letter G / g.

Inflection

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  • Overall more common
First masculine declension (soft o-stem, inanimate) , fixed accent, -j- infix
nom. sing. G
gen. sing. G-ja
singular dual plural
nominative
imenovȃlnik
G G-ja G-ji
genitive
rodȋlnik
G-ja G-jev G-jev
dative
dajȃlnik
G-ju, G-ji G-jema G-jem
accusative
tožȋlnik
G G-ja G-je
locative
mẹ̑stnik
G-ju, G-ji G-jih G-jih
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
G-jem G-jema G-ji
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
G G-ja G-ji
  • More common when with a definite adjective
Third masculine declension (no endings) , fixed accent
nom. sing. G
gen. sing. G
singular dual plural
nominative
imenovȃlnik
G G G
genitive
rodȋlnik
G G G
dative
dajȃlnik
G G G
accusative
tožȋlnik
G G G
locative
mẹ̑stnik
G G G
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
G G G
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
G G G
  • Dialectal, in common written language used till 19th century
First masculine declension (hard o-stem, inanimate) , -j- infix
nom. sing. G
gen. sing. G-ja
singular dual plural
nominative
imenovȃlnik
G G-ja G-ji
genitive
rodȋlnik
G-ja G-jov G-jov
dative
dajȃlnik
G-ju, G-ji G-joma G-jom
accusative
tožȋlnik
G G-ja G-je
locative
mẹ̑stnik
G-ju, G-ji G-jih G-jih
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
G-jom G-joma G-ji
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
G G-ja G-ji

Derived terms

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See also

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Further reading

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  • G”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Somali

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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G upper case (lower case g)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Somali alphabet, called ga and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

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  1. The thirteenth letter of the Somali alphabet, which follows Arabic abjad order. It is preceded by C and followed by F.

See also

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Spanish

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Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. the seventh letter of the Spanish alphabet

Derived terms

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See also

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Tagalog

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Spanish G. Each pronunciation has a different source:

  • Filipino alphabet pronunciation is influenced by English G.
  • Abakada alphabet pronunciation is influenced by Baybayin character (ga).
  • Abecedario pronunciation is from Spanish G.

Pronunciation

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  • (Standard Tagalog)
    • IPA(key): /ˈdji/ [ˈd͡ʒi] (letter name, Filipino alphabet)
      • Rhymes: -i
    • IPA(key): /ˈɡa/ [ˈɡa] (letter name, Abakada alphabet)
      • Rhymes: -a
    • IPA(key): /ˈhe/ [ˈhɛ] (letter name, Abecedario)
      • Rhymes: -e
    • IPA(key): /ɡ/ [ɡ] (phoneme)
    • IPA(key): /ɡ/ [ɣ] (phoneme, intervocalic)
    • IPA(key): /d͡ʒ/ [d͡ʒ] (phoneme, followed by e or i, English unadapted loanwords)
    • IPA(key): /h/ [h] (phoneme, followed by e or i, Spanish unadapted loanwords)
    • IPA(key): /s/ [s] (phoneme, followed by e or i, Spanish unadapted loanwords, obsolete)

Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g, Baybayin spelling ᜇ᜔ᜌᜒ)

  1. The seventh letter of the Tagalog alphabet (the Filipino alphabet), called dyi and written in the Latin script.
See also
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Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g, Baybayin spelling )

  1. The sixth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (the Abakada alphabet), called ga and written in the Latin script.

Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g, Baybayin spelling ᜑᜒ)

  1. (historical) The eighth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (the Abecedario), called ge and written in the Latin script.
See also
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Etymology 2

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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G (Baybayin spelling ᜇ᜔ᜌᜒ)

  1. (music) fifth tone from a C major scale

Etymology 3

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Initialism of English game.

Pronunciation

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Interjection

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G (Baybayin spelling ᜇ᜔ᜌᜒ)

  1. (slang) a signal that the speaker is interested or ready to be part of an activity: game!; ready!
    Synonyms: geym, huwego
    Pupunta kami sa Intramuros ngayon. G?
    We'll be going to Intramuros today. You in?
    Pupunta kayo sa Intramuros ngayon? G! Sama ako!
    You'll be going to Intramuros today? Game! I'll join.
Alternative forms
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  • galternate case
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Further reading

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  • G”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018

Turkish

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Pronunciation

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  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ɡ/, /ɟ/
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ɟeː/

Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The eighth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ge and written in the Latin script.

See also

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Vietnamese

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The tenth letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, called gờ or giê and written in the Latin script.

See also

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Welsh

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The tenth letter of the Welsh alphabet, called èg and written in the Latin script. It is preceded by Ff and followed by Ng.

Mutation

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Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
Gwynedd Wynedd Ngwynedd unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

See also

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Further reading

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  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “G”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Yoruba

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The seventh letter of the Yoruba alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also

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Zulu

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Letter

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G (upper case, lower case g)

  1. The seventh letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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