Ä U+00C4, Ä
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH DIAERESIS
Composition:A [U+0041] + ◌̈ [U+0308]
Ã
[U+00C3]
Latin-1 Supplement Å
[U+00C5]

TranslingualEdit

 
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LetterEdit

Ä (lower case ä), composition ⿱¨A

  1. The letter A with a diaeresis.
  2. The letter A with an umlaut.

See alsoEdit


EstonianEdit

LetterEdit

Ä (upper case, lower case ä)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Estonian alphabet, called ää and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Swedish Ä and/or its origin, German Ä, in which the umlaut (two dots) were originally a lowercase e, first placed to the side and later on top of a/A to signify fronting of the vowel via Germanic umlaut.

LetterEdit

Ä (upper case, lower case ä)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Finnish alphabet, called ää and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • ä (lowercase)

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German æ.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɛː/, /ˌaː ˈʊmlaʊ̯t/ (letter name)
    • (file)
  • IPA(key): /ɛ/ (short phoneme)
  • IPA(key): /ɛː/, [ɛː], [eː] (long phoneme)
    • The distinction between long /ɛː/ and /eː/ is maintained in some regions, including Switzerland and most of western Germany. In many other regions the two are merged in normal speech, though speakers may nevertheless distinguish them in individual words and in enunciation.

LetterEdit

Ä n (genitive Ä or Äs, plural Ä or Äs)

  1. A letter used in German spelling: an umlauted version of A.

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Ä” in Duden online

LuxembourgishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • ä (lowercase)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /æ/, [æ] (short phoneme)
  • IPA(key): /eː ~ æː/, [ɛː] (long phoneme)

LetterEdit

Ä

  1. A letter used in Luxembourgish spelling: an umlauted version of A.

Usage notesEdit

  • The short vowel [æ] is spelt ä (rather than e) when it occurs as an umlaut in inflections. Otherwise its use is chiefly dependent on the spelling of the German cognate. Ä is used when the German word has one of a, ä, o, ö, thus e.g. Fläsch and Fräsch (German Flasche, Frosch). If no German cognate exists, ä is used when there is a closely related Luxembourgish word with a.
  • The long vowel [ɛː] is always spelt ä. In native Luxembourgish words this sound occurs only before r as an allophone of /eː/. Elsewhere it must be interpreted as a distinct phoneme /æː/, which is restricted to borrowings.

RomaniEdit

LetterEdit

Ä (upper case, lower case ä)

  1. A letter used to represent the mid central unrounded vowel (/ə/) in the International Standard orthography.

ReferencesEdit

  • Yūsuke Sumi (2018), “ä”, in ニューエクスプレス ロマ(ジプシー)語 [New Express Romani (Gypsy)] (in Japanese), Tokyo: Hakusuisha, →ISBN, page 16

Skolt SamiEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

Ä (lower case ä)

  1. The thirty-sixth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


TurkmenEdit

LetterEdit

Ä (lower case ä)

  1. The sixth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit