See also: z [U+007A LATIN SMALL LETTER Z], ʒ [U+0292 LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH], Ζ [U+0396 GREEK CAPITAL LETTER ZETA], [U+2124 DOUBLE-STRUCK CAPITAL Z], [U+4E59 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E59], [U+31B8 BOPOMOFO LETTER GH], and Appendix:Variations of "z"

Z U+005A, Z
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER Z
Y
[U+0059]
Basic Latin [
[U+005B]
U+FF3A, Z
FULLWIDTH LATIN CAPITAL LETTER Z

[U+FF39]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF3B]

Translingual edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 

Etymology edit

From the Etruscan letter 𐌆 (z, ze), from the Ancient Greek letter Ζ (Z, zeta), derived from the Phoenician letter ⁧𐤆(z, zayin), from the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓏭.

Letter edit

Z (lower case z)

  1. The twenty-sixth and final letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also edit

Symbol edit

Z

  1. (metrology) zetta-
  2. (physics) the impedance of an electrical circuit
  3. (physics, computer graphics) the depth dimension in a 3D environment
  4. (physics) atomic number
  5. (biochemistry) IUPAC 1-letter abbreviation for either glutamine or glutamic acid

Derived terms edit

Gallery edit

See also edit

Other representations of Z:

English edit

Pronunciation edit

Name of letter

Letter edit

Z (upper case, lower case z, plural Zs or Z's)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the English alphabet, called zed or zee and written in the Latin script.

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Noun edit

Z (plural Z's or Zs)

  1. A member of Generation Z.
    Synonyms: Generation Z, Generation Zer, Gen Z, Gen-Zer, Zer, zoomer
    Alternative form: Zed
    • 2017, Martha M. Ellis, Linda Garcia, Generation X Presidents Leading Community Colleges: New Challenges, New Leaders, Rowman & Littlefield, →ISBN, page 10:
      Take that a step further for Millennials and Zs by crafting an e-mail subject header that does the same but with even fewer characters; []
    • 2020, Zerlina Maxwell, The End of White Politics: How to Heal Our Liberal Divide, New York, N.Y.: Hachette Books, →ISBN:
      The current progressive movement—and certainly the Millennials and Zs—understand that the Hyde Amendment is discriminatory []
    • 2022, Morgen Witzel, editor, Post-Pandemic Leadership: Exploring Solutions to a Crisis, Routledge, →ISBN:
      The current global pandemic is almost certainly a formative moment for younger Millennials and Zs as they navigate through similar challenges.
  2. (slang) Z-drug.
    • 2013, Snap Capone (lyrics and music), “Lights Out”, in The Memoir[1], from 0:16:
      I can sell bricks, I don't need to rap
      Buj so peng it makes the fiends collapse
      Cook that coca into crack
      I was selling Zs while you was in your bed

Afrikaans edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /zɛt/

Letter edit

Z (upper case, lower case z)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Afrikaans alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Noun edit

Z (plural Z's, diminutive Z'tjie)

  1. Z

Albanian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

Z (lower case z)

  1. The thirty-fifth letter of the Albanian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Azerbaijani edit

Letter edit

Z upper case (lower case z)

  1. The thirty-second letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Basque edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /s̻eta/, [s̻e̞.t̪a]

Letter edit

Z (upper case, lower case z)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Basque alphabet, called zeta and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Central Franconian edit

Etymology edit

  • /ts/ is from West Germanic stem-initial, geminated or post-sonorant *t.
  • For the origin of /z/, see S.

Pronunciation edit

  • (German-based) /ts/
  • (Dutch-based) /z/

Letter edit

Z

  1. A letter in the German-based alphabet of Central Franconian.
  2. A letter in the Dutch-based alphabet of Central Franconian.

Usage notes edit

  • /ts/ may also be represented by ts, tts, ds, dds, mostly when there is an intervening morpheme boundary.
  • In the Dutch-based spelling, /ts/ is always represented by ts (or ds). In the German-based spelling, /z/ is represented by s (see there).

Chinese edit

 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Etymology 1 edit

Derived from (zhí, “straight”).

Pronunciation edit


Symbol edit

Z

  1. (Mainland China) A shorthand used to refer to direct express trains.

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation 1 edit


Note: Often realised as 1ze.
Letter edit

Z

  1. The twenty-sixth and last letter of the Latin alphabet.

Pronunciation 2 edit


Letter edit

Z

  1. The twenty-sixth and last letter used in Pinyin.
Usage notes edit
  • 《汉语拼音方案》 defines a standard pronunciation for each letter. However, these pronunciations are rarely used in education; another pronunciation is commonly used instead.
  • The pronunciation above are only used while referring to letters in Pinyin. They are not used in other context (such as English).

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

Z (capital, lowercase z)

  1. The twenty-sixth and last letter of the Dutch alphabet.

Adverb edit

Z

  1. Abbreviation of zuid; south

See also edit

  • Previous letter: Y

Esperanto edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

Z (upper case, lower case z)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called zo and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Estonian edit

 
Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Letter edit

Z (upper case, lower case z)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Estonian alphabet, called tsett and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes edit

  • Used only in loanwords.

See also edit

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

The Finnish orthography using the Latin script was based on those of Swedish, German and Latin, and was first used in the mid-16th century. No earlier script is known. See the Wikipedia article on Finnish for more information, and Z for information on the development of the glyph itself.

Letter edit

Z (upper case, lower case z)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called tseta or tset and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes edit

  • Used only in loanwords. In more established loanwords replaced with ts.

See also edit

German edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

Z (upper case, lower case z)

  1. The twenty-sixth and last letter of the German alphabet.

Usage notes edit

  • Doubling of z generally yields tz, but zz is retained in loanwords (chiefly from Italian).
  • In German handwriting, the letter Z very often receives an additional stroke in the middle: Ƶ. A lack of this stroke may even make the letter look "incomplete" to a great deal of language users. However, the corresponding grapheme Ƶ is virtually never used in printing.

Hungarian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): [ˈz]
  • (letter name): IPA(key): [ˈzeː]

Letter edit

Z (upper case, lower case z)

  1. The thirty-ninth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative Z Z-k
accusative Z-t Z-ket
dative Z-nek Z-knek
instrumental Z-vel Z-kkel
causal-final Z-ért Z-kért
translative Z-vé Z-kké
terminative Z-ig Z-kig
essive-formal Z-ként Z-kként
essive-modal
inessive Z-ben Z-kben
superessive Z-n Z-ken
adessive Z-nél Z-knél
illative Z-be Z-kbe
sublative Z-re Z-kre
allative Z-hez Z-khez
elative Z-ből Z-kből
delative Z-ről Z-kről
ablative Z-től Z-ktől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
Z-é Z-ké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
Z-éi Z-kéi
Possessive forms of Z
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. Z-m Z-im
2nd person sing. Z-d Z-id
3rd person sing. Z-je Z-i
1st person plural Z-nk Z-ink
2nd person plural Z-tek Z-itek
3rd person plural Z-jük Z-ik

See also edit

Ido edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

Z (lower case z)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Italian edit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation edit

  • (letter name) IPA(key): */ˈd͡zɛ.ta/, */ˈd͡ze.ta/[1]
  • (phonemic realization) IPA(key): */t͡s/*, */d͡z/*
    • Z is spelt single stem-initially and after consonants. The pronunciation is not predictable and may be /t͡s/ or /d͡z/, though after -l- and -r- it is mostly /t͡s/. It is also spelt single post-vocalically before [j], where the pronunciation is mostly /tt͡s/.
    • Between true vowels it is usually doubled as zz. The pronunciation, again, is not predictable and may be /tt͡s/ or /dd͡z/. Chiefly in learned words it may be spelt single, in which case it is predominantly /dd͡z/.

Letter edit

Z f or m (invariable, upper case, lower case z)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Italian alphabet, called zeta and written in the Latin script.

Symbol edit

Z

  1. the letter zeta in the Greek alphabet

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Z in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Kashubian edit

Etymology edit

The Kashubian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Kashubian alphabet article on Wikipedia for more, and Z for development of the glyph itself.

Letter edit

Z (upper case, lower case z)

  1. The thirty-second letter of the Kashubian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Latin edit

Etymology edit

The letter descended from the Old Italic letter 𐌆 (z) in the Old Latin period, but had long fell into native disuse by the Classical period, when it came back into use, transcribing the Ancient Greek letter Ζ (Z, zeta), which had formerly been transcribed S in initial position and SS in medial position. In writings of the Late Latin period, Z frequently takes the place of S and in the third and fourth centuries often represented word-initial prevocalic di.

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

Z (upper case, lower case z)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Classical Latin alphabet, called zēta.

References edit

  • Z, z”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Z in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette, page 1,700/1
  • Z, z” on page 2,125/1 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)

Latvian edit

 
Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology edit

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation edit

  This entry needs an audio pronunciation. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record this word. The recorded pronunciation will appear here when it's ready.

Letter edit

 
Z

Z (upper case, lower case z)

  1. The thirty-second letter of the Latvian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Lower Sorbian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

Z (lower case z)

  1. The thirty-second letter of the Lower Sorbian alphabet, called zet and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Malay edit

 
Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation edit

  • (Name of letter) IPA(key): [zɛt̚], [zɛk̚], [zi]
  • (Phoneme, Syllable initial) IPA(key): [z]
  • (Phoneme, Syllable final) IPA(key): [s]

Letter edit

Z (upper case, lower case z)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Norwegian edit

Letter edit

Z (upper case Z, lower case z)

  1. the 29th letter of the Norwegian alphabet

Usage notes edit

Only in loan words and foreign names. Also used in old inscriptions and texts instead of s.

Nupe edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

Z (upper case, lower case z)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Nupe alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Polish edit

Etymology edit

The Polish orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the history of Polish orthography article on Wikipedia for more, and Z for development of the glyph itself.

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

Z (upper case, lower case z)

  1. The thirtieth letter of the Polish alphabet, called zet and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Portuguese edit

Letter edit

Z (upper case, lower case z)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Romani edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

Z (upper case, lower case z)

  1. (International Standard) The thirtieth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. (Pan-Vlax) The thirty-first letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Romanian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

Z (upper case, lower case z)

  1. The thirty-first letter of the Romanian alphabet, called ze, zet, zed, or and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Russian edit

 
The Z symbol used by the Russian military.
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology edit

Derived from запад (zapad, west). The Z sign was initially used for vehicles targeted towards southeastern Ukraine, in a manner similar to invasion stripes used by the Allies in World War II. Later popularised by the Russian government on social media as a rallying symbol.

Pronunciation edit

Symbol edit

Z (lower case z)

  1. the Roman letter Z, z
    Synonym: зет (zɛt)
  2. (The addition of quotations indicative of this usage is being sought:) (politics) A symbol representing support for the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
    Synonyms: (all derogatory) полусва́стика (polusvástika), но́вая сва́стика (nóvaja svástika), зва́стика (zvástika), зи́га (zíga)
    • #ZаМир, #ZаПобеду (hashtags using Z by Russian nationalists in support for war against Ukraine)
      #ZaMir, #ZaPobedu
      "for peace", "for victory"
    • ZOV (a symbol combining V and O, more symbols used on Russian tanks, used by the Russian government and some online users in support for war against Ukraine)
      ZOV (may also be interpreted as зов, or "call forth [to war]")
    • Zалупа, роZZия, zвери, Zло, Zомби, пиZдец (derisive online slang terms mocking Russian nationalists)
      Zalupa, roZZija, zveri, Zlo, Zombi, piZdec
      "dickhead", "RuZZia", "beaZts", "evil", "Zombie", "fucked up"

Usage notes edit

Russian nationalists replace instances of the Cyrillic letter З (Z) and less commonly С (S) with Z in some words and usernames, and their opponents also use Latin Z's in Russian words to mock them.

Derived terms edit

  • Z-бло́гер (Z-blóger, a Z-blogger, a blogger who supports the invasion of Ukraine)
  • Z-ме́рч (Z-mérč, Z-merch, merchandise glorifying the invasion of Ukraine)
  • Z-патрио́т (Z-patriót, a Z-patriot, fanatical Russian nationalist who supports the invasion of Ukraine)
  • зе́тник (zétnik, a vatnik who uses the Z symbol, a supporter of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine), зэ́тник (zɛ́tnik)
  • зиговать (zigovatʹ, to use a Nazi salute), zиговать (zigovatʹ, to support the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine)
  • zва́стика (zvástika)
  • zомби (zombi, a zombie, a fanatical Russian nationalist who supports the invasion of Ukraine)
  • РоZZия (RoZZija, RuZZia, Russia as the aggressor during the invasion of Ukraine)
  • ру́ZZкий мир (rúZZkij mir)

Descendants edit

  • English: zwastika (internet slang, usage of Z by Russian nationalists)
  • English: Ruzzia (internet slang, Russia being militarised during the 2022 invasion of Ukraine)
  • Ukrainian: Z (a symbol used by Ukrainians to mock Russia)

See also edit

Further reading edit

Saanich edit

Letter edit

Z

  1. The thirty-eighth letter of the Saanich alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Silesian edit

Etymology edit

The Silesian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Silesian language article on Wikipedia for more, and Z for development of the glyph itself.

Letter edit

Z (upper case, lower case z)

  1. The thirty-second letter of the Silesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Skolt Sami edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

Z (lower case z)

  1. The thirty-third letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Slovene edit

 
Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Letter edit

Z (capital, lowercase z)

  1. The 24th letter of the Slovene alphabet. Preceded by V and followed by Ž.

Spanish edit

Letter edit

Z (upper case, lower case z)

  1. the 27th letter of the Spanish alphabet

Tagalog edit

Etymology edit

From Spanish Z. Each pronunciation has a different source:

  • Filipino alphabet pronunciation is influenced by English Z.
  • Abecedario pronunciation is from Spanish Z.

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: Z
  • (letter name, Filipino alphabet):
  • (letter name, Abecedario):
    • IPA(key): /ˈzeta/, [ˈzɛ.tɐ]
    • IPA(key): /ˈseta/, [ˈsɛ.tɐ]
  • (phoneme):
  • Rhymes: -i, -eta

Letter edit

Z (upper case, lower case z, Baybayin spelling ᜐᜒ)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Filipino alphabet), called zi and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes edit

  • This letter is mostly used only in proper nouns, unadapted loanwords, or Spanish-based spellings.
  • Some purists of Tagalog replace Z in words with S.

See also edit

Letter edit

Z (upper case, lower case z, Baybayin spelling ᜐᜒᜆ)

  1. (historical) The twenty-eighth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Abecedario), called zeta and written in the Latin script.

Further reading edit

  • Z”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018

Turkish edit

Letter edit

Z (upper case, lower case z)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ze and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Ukrainian edit

Etymology edit

Originated from Russian usage of the letter Z as a military symbol, as well as a symbol of support for Russia's invasion of Ukraine (see Z#Etymology_5).

Pronunciation edit

Symbol edit

Z (lower case z)

  1. the Roman letter Z, z
    Synonym: зет (zet)
  2. (The addition of quotations indicative of this usage is being sought:) (politics) a symbol indicating that the user, or the person tagged with it, supports the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
    • РоZZія (derisive online slang term mocking Russian nationalists)
      RoZZija
      "RuZZia"

Usage notes edit

Often used by Ukrainian Internet users and politicians to mock or deride Russians following the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Zulu edit

Letter edit

Z (upper case, lower case z)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit