See also:
U+4F0D, 伍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F0D

[U+4F0C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F0E]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 9, +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人一木一 (OMDM), four-corner 21217, composition )

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 95, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 435
  • Dae Jaweon: page 202, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 118, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4F0D

Chinese edit

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *ŋaːʔ): semantic + phonetic (OC *ŋaːʔ). Also ideogrammic compound (會意会意).

Etymology 1 edit

trad.
simp. #

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • m2 - "five", surname;
  • m4 - troops.
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • ngó͘/gó͘ - literary;
    • gō͘/gǒ͘ - vernacular.
    Note: ngou6 - “five”.
    Note:
    • 3hhu - literary;
    • 3ngg - vernacular;
    • 2u - only in 隊伍 “company”..

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (23)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Baxter nguX
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋuoX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋuoX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋoX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋɔX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋoX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋuoX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    ng5
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nguX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.ŋˁaʔ/
    English group of five

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13148
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋaːʔ/

    Definitions edit

    1. troop of five soldiers
    2. (figuratively) military
    3. ally; company
    4. (financial) Alternative form of (five)
    5. a surname: Wu, Woo, Ng, or Eng
        ―  Liándé  ―  Wu Lien-teh (Malayan Chinese physician and epidemiologist)
      家崗家岗  ―  jiāgǎng Qū  ―  Wujiagang District

    See also edit

    Chinese numbers
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 106 108 1012
    Normal
    (小寫小写)
    , , , , ,
    十千 (Malaysia, Singapore)
    百萬百万,
    (Philippines),
    面桶 (Philippines)
    亿 (Taiwan)
    萬億万亿 (Mainland China)
    Financial
    (大寫大写)

    Compounds edit

    Descendants edit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: () (go)
    • Korean: 오(伍) (o)

    Others:

    • (Hokkien dialect) Tagalog: Go
    • (Mandarin) Tagalog: Wu

    Etymology 2 edit

    trad.
    simp. #

    From (denoting one octave higher in Kunqu) + ().

    Pronunciation edit


    Definitions edit

    1. (music) Kunqu gongche notation for the note high la (6̇).
      Synonym: () (Cantonese opera)

    Japanese edit

    Kanji edit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. (financial, dated) five
    2. five (mahjong)

    Readings edit

    Compounds edit

    See also edit

    Korean edit

    Etymology edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC nguX). Recorded as Middle Korean 오〯 () (Yale: wo) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja edit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 다섯사람 (daseotsaram o))

    1. Hanja form? of (five).

    Compounds edit

    References edit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Nôm readings: ngũ

    1. five