See also:
U+4F0D, 伍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F0D

[U+4F0C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F0E]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9, +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人一木一 (OMDM), four-corner 21217, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 95, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 435
  • Dae Jaweon: page 202, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 118, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4F0D

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋaːʔ): semantic + phonetic (OC *ŋaːʔ). Also ideogrammic compound (會意).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • m2 - "five", surname;
  • m4 - troops.
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • ngó͘/gó͘ - literary;
    • gō͘/gǒ͘ - vernacular.
    Note: ngou6 - “five”.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (23)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋuoX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋuoX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋoX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋɔX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋoX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋuoX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    ng5
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nguX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.ŋˁaʔ/
    English group of five

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13148
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋaːʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. troop of five soldiers
    2. (figuratively) military
    3. ally; company
    4. (financial) Alternative form of (“five”)
    5. A surname: Wu, Woo, Ng, or Eng.
      /   ―  Liándé  ―  Wu Lien-teh (Malayan Chinese physician and epidemiologist)
      家崗 / 家岗  ―  jiāgǎng Qū  ―  Wujiagang District

    See alsoEdit

    Chinese numbers
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
    Normal
    (小寫小写)

    十千 (Malaysia, Singapore)
    亿 (Taiwan)
    萬億万亿 (Mainland China)
    Financial
    (大寫大写)

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    • (Hokkien dialect) Tagalog: Go
    • (Mandarin) Tagalog: Wu

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. five (used in legal/financial documents)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    See alsoEdit


    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC ŋuoX). Recorded as Middle Korean 오〯 (Yale: wo) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 다섯사람 (daseotsaram o))

    1. Hanja form? of (five).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: ngũ

    1. five