See also: 亿
U+5104, 億
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5104

[U+5103]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5105]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 9, +13, 15 strokes, cangjie input 人卜廿心 (OYTP), four-corner 20236, composition )

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 118, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1178
  • Dae Jaweon: page 252, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 227, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5104

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. 亿*
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *qɯɡ): semantic + phonetic (OC *qɯɡs).

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (134)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter 'ik
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔik̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔiək̚/
Wang
Li
/ĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yi
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jik1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔik ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔ(r)ək/
English 100000

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15157
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qɯɡ/

Definitions edit

  1. hundred million (100,000,000) (sometimes written as 1,0000,0000)
  2. hundred thousand (100,000)
  3. peaceful; stable
  4. brimming; plentiful; abundant
  5. Alternative form of (, chest)
  6. Alternative form of (, to guess; to estimate; to surmise)
  7. a surname

See also edit

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 106 108 1012
Normal
(小寫小写)
, , , , ,
十千 (Malaysia, Singapore)
百萬百万,
(Philippines),
面桶 (Philippines)
亿 (Taiwan)
萬億万亿 (Mainland China)
Financial
(大寫大写)

Compounds edit

Japanese edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Kanji edit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology edit

Kanji in this term
おく
Grade: 4
on’yomi

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(おく) (oku

  1. a hundred million, 108

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Chinese (MC 'ik).

Historical readings

Pronunciation edit

Hanja edit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (eok eok))

  1. Hanja form? of (a hundred million, 108).

Compounds edit

References edit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Việt readings: ức
: Nôm readings: tỉ, ức

Noun edit

  1. chữ Hán form of ức (a hundred million, 108).